|Elevation||525 ft (160 m)|
|Location||Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States|
|Parent range||Chickies Ridge|
|Topo map||USGS Columbia West|
Part of an eastward extension of the Hellam Hills, Chickies Ridge has been separated from them by a water gap cut by the Susquehanna. The ridge is composed of uplifted Cambrian Chickies Formation, which extends several miles east before merging into the surrounding uplands. Chickies Rock, at the west end overlooking the river, is the largest exposed anticline on the East Coast. According to the USGS, the summit of the ridge is 587 feet (179 m) above sea level.
The Columbia and Donegal Electric Railway built tracks up the side of the ridge from Columbia in 1893. The railway climbed for 1,900 feet (580 m) on a 6% grade, running on the west side of Chickies Hill Road and then curving sharply west to reach Chickies Park. This was an amusement park built by the trolley company on the west end of the ridge, atop Chickies Rock, overlooking the Susquehanna. The line to the park was opened on July 1, 1893. It was then extended down the north side of the ridge, running westward about 0.5 miles (0.80 km), rounding a tight horsehoe curve and turning eastward, to cross Chickies Creek at the base of the ridge and run to Marietta. This extension was opened on December 31, 1893. The trolley line was abandoned on April 25, 1932.
Pennsylvania Route 441 once followed Chickies Hill Road, but a later realignment brought it directly through the western part of Chickies Ridge in a deep cut, substantially reducing the climb.
The Pennsylvania Canal, the Columbia Branch and then the Atglen and Susquehanna Branch of the Pennsylvania Railroad all at different times squeezed between Chickies Rock and the river. All but the last are now abandoned.
A variation of Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet is told, with an Indian Maiden replacing Juliet and a white settler as Romeo. Eventually, the settler is killed in a war over the maiden, who throws herself off Chickies Rock.
Trails and recreation
Chickies Rock is a popular venue for rock climbing. The ridge to the west of Chickies Hill Road is part of Chickies Rock Park, owned by Lancaster County. The Chickies Rock Overlook Trail leads from parking along Route 441 to the top of Chickies Rock, roughly following the old trolley grade. The Clayton Shenk trail crosses Jones Run and climbs up the south side of the ridge east of Route 441, dropping down the north side to Chickies Hill Road.
Chickies Rock is a host site for one of the rarest of eastern U.S. ferns, Bradley's spleenwort.
- "Pennsylvania Trail of Geology: Samuel S. Lewis State Park" (PDF). Retrieved 2006-09-24. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Chickies Rock". Retrieved 2006-09-24. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Geographic Names Information System, United States Geological Survey (August 2, 1979). "Geographic Names Information System Feature Detail Report: Chickies Ridge". Retrieved 2006-09-27. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Indian Names Data Chart" (PDF). Susquehanna River Basin Commission. Retrieved 2006-09-24. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- John D. Denney, Jr. (2004). "The Care and Feeding of a Trolley Fan". National Railway Bulletin. 69 (5): 4–17.
- "Chickies Rock Park". Archived from the original on 2006-08-12. Retrieved 2006-09-26. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)