Blackbird (Omaha leader)

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Circular roof on metal poles above circular concrete base; entrance made of metal poles set up like logs
An overlook beside U.S. Highway 75 in Burt County, Nebraska is named after Blackbird; the interpretive shelter resembles a traditional Omaha lodge.

Chief Blackbird (Wash-ing-guh Sah-ba) (ca. 1750 – 1800) was the leader of the Omaha Native American Indian tribe who commanded the trade routes used by Spanish, French, British and later American traders until the late 18th century. He was one of the first of the Plains Indian chiefs to trade with white explorers and also believed to be the first of the Plains Indian chiefs to openly question white encroachment. Blackbird used trade as a means to prosperity for his people and as a way to ensure white explorers were aware that they were the guests. The Omaha were not warlike people, yet they were the first on the Great Plains to have mastered equestrianism around 1770 and were at one point, while Chief Blackbird was alive, the most powerful Indian tribe in the Great Plains.

Chief Blackbird died during a smallpox epidemic in 1800. In 1804, the Lewis and Clark Expedition members were led to Chief Blackbird's burial site, which sits on a bluff on the west side of the Missouri River, in present-day Nebraska.

Blackbird Bend in western Iowa is named for Blackbird.

References[edit]

  • Reinhard, Karl J. & Hastings, Dennis. "Introduction". Learning from the Ancestors. Retrieved 2006-05-24.[dead link]
  • Irving, Washington. "Washington Irving's Astoria". Astoria or Anecdotes of an Enterprise Beyond the Rocky Mountains. Retrieved 2006-05-24.
  • National Park Service. "Lewis and Clark Historical Background". Retrieved 2006-05-24.
  • Omaha Tribe of Nebraska. "Blackbird Scenic Overlook". Archived from the original on February 9, 2006. Retrieved 2006-05-24. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  • Campbell, Paulette W. "Ancestral Bones Reinterpreting the Past of the Omaha". Archived from the original on 2006-06-18. Retrieved 2006-05-24. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  • Sheldon, Addison Erwin (1915). History and Stories of Nebraska. The University Publishing Co. p. 306.