Chief Cabinet Secretary

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Chief Cabinet Secretary of Japan
内閣官房長官
Naikaku-kanbō-chōkan
Goshichi no kiri.svg
Emblem of the Government of Japan
Yoshihide Suga-1.jpg
Incumbent
Yoshihide Suga

since 26 December 2012
Appointer The Prime Minister
Formation 3 May 1947

The Chief Cabinet Secretary of Japan (内閣官房長官 naikaku-kanbō-chōkan?) is a Minister of State who is responsible for directing the Cabinet Secretariat of Japan.[1] The main function of the Chief Cabinet Secretary is to coordinate the policies of ministries and agencies in the executive branch.[2] The Chief Cabinet Secretary serves as the government's press secretary,[3] conducts policy research,[4] prepares materials to be discussed at cabinet meetings,[5] and, in time of national crisis, coordinates ministries and agencies of the executive branch.[6] The Chief Cabinet Secretary is customarily nominated as the first in line to serve as temporary Acting Prime Minister in case the Prime Minister is unable to serve due to death or other grave reasons until a new Prime Minister is appointed.[7] The Chief Cabinet Secretary's office is located on the fifth floor of the Prime Minister's official residence in Tokyo.

Before and during World War II, the position was known in Japanese as 内閣書記官長 (naikaku-shokikan-chō). The modern position was created on May 3, 1947, shortly after the passage of the Constitution of Japan, and elevated to ministerial status in 1966.

The present incumbent, Yoshihide Suga, is the longest-serving Chief Cabinet Secretary in history, having overtaken the previous record of 1,289 days in office set by Yasuo Fukuda on July 7 2016.[8]

Since 1947, the office of Chief Cabinet Secretary has been regarded as a stepping stone to the post of Prime Minister. The first Chief Cabinet Secretary to become Prime Minister was Ichirō Hatoyama, formerly Chief Cabinet Secretary to Tanaka Giichi. Since then, eight other former Chief Cabinet Secretaries have become Prime Ministers, most recently Shinzō Abe and Yasuo Fukuda.

List of Chief Cabinet Secretaries[edit]

Postwar Shōwa Era[edit]

  Liberal (1945)
  Socialist
  Democratic (1947)
  Democratic Liberal
  Liberal (1950)
  Democratic (1954)
  Liberal Democratic

Chief Cabinet Secretary Term of office Prime Minister
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
Joji hayashi.jpg Jyōji Hayashi May 29, 1946 May 24, 1947 360 Shigeru Yoshida
Suehiro nishio.jpg Suehiro Nishio June 1, 1947 March 10, 1948 283 Tetsu Katayama
TOMABECHI Gizo.jpg Gizō Tomabechi March 10, 1948 October 15, 1948 219 Hitoshi Ashida
Eisaku Sato 1960.jpg Eisaku Satō[n 1] October 17, 1948 February 16, 1949 122 Shigeru Yoshida
Goshichi no kiri.svg Kaneshichi Masuda February 16, 1949 May 6, 1950 444
Katsuo Okazaki.jpg Katsuo Okazaki May 6, 1950 December 26, 1951 599
Hori Shigeru.JPG Shigeru Hori December 26, 1951 October 30, 1952 309
Taketora Ogata 2.jpg Taketora Ogata October 30, 1952 May 21, 1953 203
Kenji Fukunaga 01.jpg Kenji Fukunaga May 21, 1953 December 10, 1954 568
Goshichi no kiri.svg Ryutarō Nemoto December 10, 1954 November 22, 1955 744 Ichirō Hatoyama
November 22, 1955 December 23, 1956
Hirohide Ishida.jpg Hirohide Ishida December 12, 1956 July 10, 1957 210 Tanzan Ishibashi
Nobusuke Kishi
Kiichi Aichi.jpg Kiichi Aichi July 10, 1957 June 12, 1958 337
Goshichi no kiri.svg Munenori Akagi June 12, 1958 June 18, 1959 371
SHIINA Etsusaburo.jpg Etsusaburō Shiina June 18, 1959 July 19, 1960 397
Masayoshi Ohira at Andrews AFB 1 Jan 1980 cropped 1.jpg Masayoshi Ōhira[n 2] July 19, 1960 July 18, 1962 729 Hayato Ikeda
Goshichi no kiri.svg Yasumi Kurogane July 18, 1962 July 18, 1964 731
Zenko Suzuki.jpg Zenkō Suzuki[n 3] July 18, 1964 November 9, 1964 114
Goshichi no kiri.svg Tomisaburō Hashimoto November 9, 1964 August 1, 1966 630 Eisaku Satō
Kiichi Aichi.jpg Kiichi Aichi August 1, 1966 December 3, 1966 124
Kenji Fukunaga 01.jpg Kenji Fukunaga December 3, 1966 June 22, 1967 201
Toshio Kimura.jpg Toshio Kimura June 22, 1967 November 30, 1968 527
Hori Shigeru.JPG Shigeru Hori November 30, 1968 July 5, 1971 947
Takeshita small.jpg Noboru Takeshita[n 4] July 5, 1971 July 7, 1972 368
Nikaido Susumu Bust.JPG Susumu Nikaidō July 7, 1972 November 11, 1974 857 Kakuei Tanaka
Takeshita small.jpg Noboru Takeshita[n 4] November 11, 1974 December 9, 1974 28
Goshichi no kiri.svg Ichitarō Ide December 9, 1974 December 24, 1976 746 Takeo Miki
Sunao Sonoda, Jul. 1979 (3).jpg Sunao Sonoda December 24, 1976 November 28, 1977 339 Takeo Fukuda
Shintarō Abe cropped.jpg Shintaro Abe November 28, 1977 December 7, 1978 374
Goshichi no kiri.svg Rokusuke Tanaka December 7, 1978 November 9, 1979 337 Masayoshi Ōhira
Masayoshi Ito.jpg Masayoshi Ito[n 5] November 9, 1979 July 17, 1980 251
Himself (Acting)
MiyazawaKiichi.jpg Kiichi Miyazawa[n 6] July 17, 1980 November 27, 1982 863 Zenkō Suzuki
Goshichi no kiri.svg Masaharu Gotōda November 27, 1982 December 27, 1983 395 Yasuhiro Nakasone
Goshichi no kiri.svg Takao Fujinami December 27, 1983 December 28, 1985 732
Goshichi no kiri.svg Masaharu Gotōda December 28, 1985 November 6, 1987 678

Heisei Era[edit]

  Liberal Democratic
  Japan New Party
  New Party Sakigake
  Japan Renewal Party
  Socialist
  Democratic

Chief Cabinet Secretary Term of office Prime Minister
Portrait Name Took Office Left Office Days
Keizo Obuchi cropped.jpg Keizō Obuchi[n 7] November 6, 1987 June 3, 1989 575 Noboru Takeshita
Masajuro Shiokawa cropped 2 Finance Ministers of G7 20030412.jpg Masajuro Shiokawa June 3, 1989 August 10, 1989 68 Sōsuke Uno
Goshichi no kiri.svg Tokuo Yamashita August 10, 1989 August 26, 1989 16 Toshiki Kaifu
Goshichi no kiri.svg Mayumi Moriyama August 26, 1989 February 28, 1990 186
Goshichi no kiri.svg Misoji Sakamoto February 28, 1990 November 5, 1991 615
Goshichi no kiri.svg Koichi Kato November 5, 1991 December 12, 1992 403 Kiichi Miyazawa
Yōhei Kōno cropped.jpg Yōhei Kōno December 12, 1992 August 9, 1993 240
Goshichi no kiri.svg Masayoshi Takemura August 9, 1993 April 28, 1994 262 Morihiro Hosokawa
Goshichi no kiri.svg Hiroshi Kumagai April 28, 1994 June 30, 1994 63 Tsutomu Hata
Goshichi no kiri.svg Kozo Igarashi June 30, 1994 August 8, 1995 404 Tomiichi Murayama
Goshichi no kiri.svg Koken Nosaka August 8, 1995 January 11, 1996 156
Goshichi no kiri.svg Seiroku Kajiyama January 11, 1996 September 11, 1997 609 Ryutaro Hashimoto
Goshichi no kiri.svg Kanezo Muraoka September 11, 1997 July 30, 1998 322
Hiromu Nonaka 199807.jpg Hiromu Nonaka July 30, 1998 October 10, 1999 432 Keizo Obuchi
Goshichi no kiri.svg Mikio Aoki October 10, 1999 July 4, 2000 273
Yoshiro Mori
Goshichi no kiri.svg Hidenao Nakagawa July 4, 2000 October 27, 2000 115
Yasuo Fukuda (Cropped).png Yasuo Fukuda[n 8] October 27, 2000 May 7, 2004 1288
Junichiro Koizumi
Goshichi no kiri.svg Hiroyuki Hosoda May 7, 2004 October 31, 2005 542
Shinzo Abe 2006 10 19 cropped.jpg Shinzō Abe[n 9] October 31, 2005 September 26, 2006 330
Yasuhisa Shiozaki cropped 2 Caroline Kennedy Penny Pritzker and Yasuhisa Shiozaki 20141020.jpg Yasuhisa Shiozaki September 26, 2006 August 27, 2007 335 Shinzō Abe
Kaoru Yosano cropped 1 Timothy Geithner and Kaoru Yosano 20090424.jpg Kaoru Yosano August 27, 2007 September 26, 2007 30
Machimura Nobutaka 2015.jpg Nobutaka Machimura September 26, 2007 September 24, 2008 364 Yasuo Fukuda
Goshichi no kiri.svg Takeo Kawamura September 24, 2008 September 16, 2009 357 Taro Aso
Hirofumi Hirano in Kadena Air Base cropped.png Hirofumi Hirano September 16, 2009 June 8, 2010 265 Yukio Hatoyama
Yoshito Sengoku - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2010.jpg Yoshito Sengoku June 8, 2010 January 4, 2011 210 Naoto Kan
Yukio Edano Minshu IMG 5979 20130715.JPG Yukio Edano January 4, 2011 September 2, 2011 241
Osamu Fujimura.jpg Osamu Fujimura September 2, 2011 December 26, 2012 481 Yoshihiko Noda
Yoshihide Suga-1.jpg Yoshihide Suga December 26, 2012 Incumbent 1439 Shinzō Abe

References[edit]

Footnotes
  1. ^ Later served as Prime Minister 1964-72
  2. ^ Later served as Prime Minister 1978-80
  3. ^ Later served as Prime Minister 1980-82
  4. ^ a b Later served as Prime Minister 1987-89
  5. ^ Served as Acting Prime Minister on the death of Ōhira, 12 June - 17 July 1980
  6. ^ Later served as Prime Minister 1991-93
  7. ^ Later served as Prime Minister 1998-2000
  8. ^ Later served as Prime Minister 2007-08.
  9. ^ Later served as Prime Minister 2006-07, 2012-present.
Notes
  1. ^ Cabinet Act, Article 13.
  2. ^ Cabinet Act, Article 12, Paragraph 2, Item 4 and 5
  3. ^ Cabinet Act, Article 17
  4. ^ Cabinet Act, Article 12, Paragraph 2, Item 6
  5. ^ Cabinet Act, Article 12, Paragraph 2, Item 1
  6. ^ Cabinet Act, Article 15
  7. ^ Cabinet Act, Article 9
  8. ^ "Government strongman Suga set to become Japan's longest-serving chief Cabinet secretary". Japan Times. Jiji Press. Retrieved 3 December 2016.