Chief Election Commissioner of Pakistan
|Chief Election Commissioner of Pakistan|
3 Years |
|Formation||25 March 1956|
|First holder||FM Khan|
|Website||Election Commission of Pakistan|
The Chief Election Commissioner is the authority and the appointed chair of the Election Commission of Pakistan— an institution constitutionally empowered to conduct free and fair elections to the national and provincial legislatures.
Before 1973, appointment of the commissioner only restricted to the civil services and appointments came from the President. After the promulgation of much and thoroughly reformed constitution in 1973, the constitutional provisions made mandatory and compulsory that the only appointments would come from the judicature branch's judges who were eligible to become Chief Election Commissioner. The Constitution (or President on different occasions) lays the appointment and oath administered by the Chief Justice of Pakistan.
Appointment of a Chief Election Commissioner
The President of Pakistan appoint the Chief Election Commissioner and four members of Election Commission of Pakistan. The Prime Minister and Leader of the Opposition in the National Assembly recommends three names for appointment of CEC and for each Member to a parliamentary committee for hearing and confirmation of any one person against each post. The parliamentary committee consisting of 12 members is constituted by the Speaker of National Assembly comprising 50% members from treasury benches and 50% from opposition parties out of which one-third shall be from Senate. the Chief Election Commissioner have tenure of 5 years [. The Chief Election Commissioner enjoy the same official status as available to Judges of the Supreme Court of Pakistan The Chief Election Commissioner can be removed by the President of Pakistan or Supreme Court of Pakistan or through an impeachment in National Assembly of Pakistan.
Duties and functions
- Preparing electoral rolls for elections to the National Assembly and Provincial Assemblies and revising such rolls annually.
- To organise and conduct election to the Senate and fill casual vacancies in a House or a Provincial Assembly.
- Appointment of Election Tribunals.
- A commissioner also hears and decides cases of disqualification of members of Parliament and Provincial Assemblies. And receipt of reference from the chairman or the Speaker or Head of the political party, as the case may be.
- To hold and conduct election to the office of the President as per Second Schedule to the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan
- To hold Referendum as and when ordered by the President.
- To make rules providing for the appointment of officers and servants to be employed in connection with the functions of the Chief Election Commissioner or an Election Commission and for their terms and conditions of employment. Under this power the Honorable Chief Election Commissioner framed the Election Commission (Officers & Servants) Rules, 1989
|Order||Chief election commissioner||Tenure||Appointment||Serving Branch||Notes on CEC|
|1||F. M. Khan||25 March 1956 – 28 October 1958||President||Civil services||Bureaucrat|
|2||Akhter Husain||1962–1964||President||Civil services||Bureaucrat|
|3||G. Moinuddin Khan||1964–1967||President||Civil services||Bureaucrat|
|Justice Sheikh Abdur Rehman (Acting)||5 August 1967 – December 1967||President||Judicature||Jurist|
|4||N. A. Farooq||December 1967 – April 1969||President||Civil services||Bureaucrat|
|5||Justice Abdus Sattar||14 August 1969 – 16 January 1971||President||Judicature||Jurist|
|6||Justice Wahiuddin Ahmad||14 August 1973 – 2 October 1973||President||Judicature||Jurist|
|7||Justice Sajad Ahmad Jan||1973–5 July 1977||Constitution||Judicature||Jurist|
|8||Justice Sajad Ahmad Jan Dorab Patel||Not applicable||Constitution||Judicature||Jurist|
|9||Justice Maulvi Mushtaq Hussain||Not applicable||Constitution||Judicature||Jurist|
|10||Justice Karam Illahi Chohan||Not applicable||Constitution||Judicature||Jurist|
|11||Justice S. A. Nusrat||1 March 1982 – 15 April 1988||President||Judicature||Jurist|
|12||Justice Naeemuddin||16 April 1988 – 1989||Constitution||Judicature||Jurist|
|13||Justice Fakhre Alam||1993–1996||Constitution||Judicature||Jurist|
|Justice Mukhtar Ahmed Junejo (Acting)||February 1997 – March 1997||Constitution||Judicature||Jurist|
|Justice A.Q. Chaudry (Acting)||April 1997 – March 2004||Constitution||Judicature||Jurist|
|14||Justice Irshad Hasan Khan||March 2004–10 July 2004||Constitution||Judicature||Jurist|
|Justice Abdul Hameed Dogar (Acting)||10 July 2004 – 3 August 2004||President||Judicature||Jurist|
|15||Justice Q. Muhammad Farooq||19 September 2007– 5 May 2009||President||Judicature||Jurist|
|16||Justice Hamid Mirza||17 March 2009 – 5 June 2012|
|Justice Mian Shakirullah Jan (Acting)||5 June 2012 – 13 July 2012||President||Judicature||Jurist|
|17||Justice Fakhruddin G. Ebrahim||20 July 20, 2012–31 July 2013||President||Judicature||Jurist|
|Justice Tassaduq Hussain Jillani (Acting)||17 August 2013 – 30 November 2013||Constitution||Judicature||Jurist|
|Justice Nasir-ul-Mulk (Acting)||30 November 2013 – 2 July 2014||Constitution||Judicature||Jurist|
|Justice Anwar Zaheer Jamali (Acting)||3 July 2014 – 5 December 2014|| Constitution||Judicature||Jurist|
|18||Justice Sardar Muhammad Raza Khan||6 December, 2014–Incumbent||President||Judicature||Jurist|
Note: A very small number of chief election commissioners have enjoyed their stipulated three-year term in office. The majority has either served for a shorter term or for extended tenures which were as long as seven years.
- Shah, Shabir (18 July 2012). "Fakhruddin is 17th judge to head the Election Commission". News International Wednesday, 18 July 2012. Archived from the original on 30 December 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
- Khan, Iftikhar A. (17 August 2013). "Justice Tassaduq nominated as acting CEC". Dawn news, 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
- Edition, Web (6 December 2014). "Justice Nasir takes oath as new CEC". Dawn News. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
- Constitution of Pakistan
- Constitution of Pakistan Archived 25 April 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
- Constitution of Pakistan – Article 219-(i)
- Senate of Pakistan
- National Assembly of Pakistan
- Constitution of Pakistan – Article 219-(ii)
- Constitution of Pakistan – Article 219-(iii)
- Constitution of Pakistan – Article 63-(ii)
- Constitution of Pakistan – Article 63-(i)
- Constitution of Pakistan – Article 41-(iii)
- Constitution of Pakistan – Article 41-(vi)
- Constitution of Pakistan – Article 221
- "Justice Anwar Zaheer Jamali takes oath as Acting C". dunyanews.tv. Dunya News T.V. Retrieved 3 July 2014.