Chief Jay Strongbow
|Chief Jay Strongbow|
|Birth name||Luke Joseph Scarpa|
October 4, 1928|
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Died||April 3, 2012
Griffin, Georgia, U.S.
|Professional wrestling career|
|Ring name(s)||Jay Strongbow
|Billed height||6 ft 0 in (1.83 m)|
|Billed weight||260 lb (120 kg)|
|Billed from||Pawhuska, Oklahoma|
|Trained by||Don Eagle|
Luke Joseph Scarpa (October 4, 1928 – April 3, 2012) was an American professional wrestler who was best known by the ring name Chief Jay Strongbow. Scarpa portrayed a Native American wrestler, who wore a war bonnet to the ring and would "go on the warpath" when the fans started cheering him against an opponent. Scarpa's in-ring persona is routinely listed as one of the "most racist gimmicks" in professional wrestling history with even his New York Times obituary placing Chief Jay Strongbow alongside such infamous "ethnic caricatures" as the Iron Sheik and Mr. Fuji.
- 1 Professional wrestling career
- 2 Personal life
- 3 Death
- 4 In wrestling
- 5 Championships and accomplishments
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Professional wrestling career
National Wrestling Alliance (1947–1970)
Scarpa's wrestling career began in 1947, under his real name. He was a standout in the Georgia and Florida territories of the National Wrestling Alliance throughout the 1950s and 1960s, winning several championships and becoming a fan favorite.
World Wide Wrestling Federation (1970–1977)
In 1970, Scarpa began working for Vincent J. McMahon's World Wide Wrestling Federation as Chief Jay Strongbow, a Native American gimmick complete with a traditional headdress and Native themed wrestling moves. He feuded with the likes of "The Golden Greek" Spiros Arion, "Handsome Jimmy" Valiant, and Superstar Billy Graham, nearly winning the WWWF World Heavyweight Championship. A memorable match against "Iron Mike" McCord featured Strongbow applying his sleeper hold. But Lou Albano, McCord's manager, interfered by smashing a cast on the Chief's forehead. It was alleged that Strongbow had previously jumped Albano in the locker room, breaking his arm. McCord was disqualified, but Strongbow was cut wide open by Albano's blows. Strongbow settled the score in front of a sold out crowd at Madison Square Garden, beating Captain Lou Albano convincingly.
Strongbow picked up a win at Madison Square Garden in the summer of 1970, shortly after he entered the WWWF, pinning top contender Crusher Verdue, who was managed by Lou Albano.
In 1975, he began feuding with Spiros Arion. Arion, a popular and seemingly unbeatable babyface, returned to the WWWF after an absence and teamed with Strongbow. Arion turned on Strongbow, destroying his headdress on Philadelphia television after he had tied Strongbow in the ropes, and rubbed the feathers in his face. Arion was now a heel, and pinned Strongbow in eastern arenas as he went on to challenge champion Bruno Sammartino.
Strongbow won his first WWWF World Tag Team Championship on May 22, 1972 with partner Sonny King. They defeated the team of Baron Mikel Scicluna and King Curtis Iaukea. Strongbow and King held the title for a month before losing it to the team of Mr. Fuji and Professor Toru Tanaka on June 27.
Four and a half years later, on December 7, 1976, Strongbow won his second WWWF World Tag Team Championship, this time with partner Billy White Wolf. The team won the title in a three-team tournament, defeating The Executioners and Nikolai Volkoff and Tor Kamata. Their reign was cut short in August 1977 when the belts were vacated due to White Wolf suffering a neck injury at the hands of Ken Patera's Swinging Full Nelson.
Big Time Wrestling (1977)
Strongbow also competed for The Sheik's Big Time Wrestling promotion in Detroit. He had a memorable feud with "Bulldog" Don Kent, which culminated in a "shark cage match" in 1977. Strongbow and Kent fought inside of a small shark cage, with the first man to escape being declared the winner. With an assist from fellow fan favorite Mark Lewin, Strongbow was able to escape the shark cage victorious.
Return to WWF (1979–1983)
In 1979, he feuded with Greg "The Hammer" Valentine, who broke Strongbow's leg. The two wrestled all over the WWF circuit, including an "Indian Strap match" at Madison Square Garden on July 30, 1979.
In 1982, Strongbow formed a tag team with his on-screen brother, Jules Strongbow. On June 28, the Strongbows won the tag team championship from the team of Mr. Fuji and Mr. Saito in New York City's Madison Square Garden. During the match, special guest referee Ivan Putski counted the winning fall, but did not see Fuji's foot draped over the bottom rope. On the July 13 episode of Championship Wrestling, the Strongbows lost the titles back to Fuji and Saito, but on the October 26 episode of Championship Wrestling, the Strongbows defeated Fuji and Saito for their second WWF Tag Team Championship reign as a team. On the March 8, 1983 episode of Championship Wrestling, the Strongbows lost the titles to The Wild Samoans (Afa and Sika). After failing in regaining the belts, the Strongbows disbanded.
Strongbow retired in 1985, but would still step back into the ring from time to time, most notably for a legends battle royal in East Rutherford, New Jersey in 1987. In retirement, Strongbow became a WWF road agent and worked in the company's front office. He also participated in a 1994 storyline in which he mentored Tatanka (an actual Native American of the Lumbee tribe). Strongbow was inducted into the WWF Hall of Fame by Gorilla Monsoon in 1994. Strongbow's last appearance in WWE was a brief appearance on the November 17, 2008 episode of Monday Night Raw when Stephanie McMahon introduced him to the audience in Atlanta.
His son, Joe Jr. wrestled in the 1980s and early 1990s mainly as Mark Pyle, Mark Young in the WWF from 1986-1990 and Vince Young in WCW. Joe Jr. died in 2016 at the age of 48.
Scarpa suffered a fall at his home in late 2011 and was hospitalized. He never recovered and died on April 3, 2012 at the age of 83. He is buried in Griffin, Georgia.
- Finishing moves
- Signature moves
Championships and accomplishments
- Championship Wrestling from Florida
- Gulf Coast Championship Wrestling
- NWA Mid-America
- Mid-South Sports
- New England Pro Wrestling Hall of Fame
- Class of 2011
- Pro Wrestling Illustrated
- Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame and Museum
- World Wrestling Council
- World Wide Wrestling Federation / World Wrestling Federation
- "Wrestler Profiles: Chief -->Jay Strongbow". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2009-06-18.
- Griffin, Johnny. "Chief Jay Strongbow's PWHF Bio". Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved April 3, 2012.
- "Chief Jay Strongbow's WWE Hall of Fame Profile". World Wrestling Entertainment. Retrieved 2011-03-29.
- Weyer, Michael (1 Aug 2015). "Top 20 Most Racist Gimmicks in Wrestling History". The Sporster. TheSporster.com. Retrieved 15 July 2016.
- Edwards, James (29 July 2015). "Hulk Hogan may be on the hot seat, but racism in pro wrestling is far from being down for the count". PRI's The World and Global Post. Public Radio International. Retrieved 15 July 2016.
- Mastodon, Super (2 August 2015). "Top 10 - Most Racist Gimmicks in Wrestling". MWC Blog. Masto Wrestling Countdown. Retrieved 15 July 2016.
- G., Stef (27 July 2015). "Beyond Hulk Hogan: Racism in the WWE is Alive and Well". GeekMundo. GeekMundo.net. Retrieved 15 July 2016.
- Slotnik, Daniel E. (2012-04-05). "Joe Scarpa, Who Gained Wrestling Fame as Chief Jay Strongbow, Dies". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-07-15.
- Slotnik, Daniel E. Joe Scarpa, Who Gained Wrestling Fame as Chief Jay Strongbow, Dies The New York Times (April 5, 2012). Retrieved on 7-07-2013.
- "World Tag Team Championship official title history". World Wrestling Entertainment. Retrieved 2009-06-18.
- Cawthon, Graham (2013). the History of Professional Wrestling Vol 1: WWF 1963 - 1989. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. ISBN 1492825972.
- Oliver, Greg (April 3, 2012). "Chief Jay Strongbow dies". Slam! Wrestling. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved April 3, 2012.
- Elliott, Brian (November 18, 2008). "Raw: Lumberjacks bring predictable chaos". Slam! Wrestling. Canadian Online Explorer. Retrieved April 3, 2012.
- Solomon, Brian (2006). WWE Legends. Pocket Books. pp. 62–67. ISBN 978-0-7434-9033-7.
- Royal Duncan and Gary Will (2006). "Alabama: NWA Tri-State Heavyweight Title". Wrestling Title Histories (4th ed.). Archeus Communications. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
- "NWA Tri-State Heavyweight Championship (Alabama version)". Wrestling-Titles.com. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
- "Pro Wrestling Illustrated Award Winners Inspirational Wrestler of the Year". Wrestling Information Archive. Archived from the original on January 3, 2011. Retrieved July 27, 2008.