Chief Judge of the High Court of Hong Kong

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Chief Judge of the High Court of Hong Kong
Regional Emblem of Hong Kong.svg
StyleThe Honourable
AppointerChief Executive of Hong Kong with endorsement by the Legislative Council
Term lengthLife tenure (until statutory retirement at age 65)
Inaugural holderPatrick Chan Siu-oi, 1997
FormationHong Kong Basic Law
1 July 1997
Hkpol2.png
Politics and government
of Hong Kong
Related topics Flag of Hong Kong.svg Hong Kong portal

The Chief Judge of the High Court of Hong Kong (CJHC) is the head of the High Court of Hong Kong and the President of the Court of Appeal of Hong Kong. In the Hong Kong order of precedence, the Chief Judge acts as the second most senior administrative judge for the courts system, second only to the Chief Justice of the Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong;[1] the position is the broad equivalent of the Master of the Rolls in the courts system of England and Wales.

The first Chief Judge was Patrick Chan Siu-oi. The longest-serving Chief Judge to date has been Andrew Cheung, now permanent judge of the Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong.

On 22 May 2019, the judiciary announced the appointment of Jeremy Poon Shiu-chor as the 5th Chief Judge of the High Court of Hong Kong[2]. The appointment is subject to the endorsement of the Legislative Council.

High Court of Hong Kong structure[edit]

The Chief Judge heads the High Court of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (Chinese: 香港特別行政區高等法院), which deals with criminal and civil cases that have risen beyond the lower courts. While the High Court consists of the Court of Appeal and the Court of First Instance, the Chief Judge himself only presides over appellate cases, usually together with two other Justices of Appeal.[3]

Pursuant to Article 88 of the Basic Law and the Judicial Officers Recommendation Commission Ordinance (Cap. 92), judges of the courts of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be appointed by the Chief Executive on the recommendation of the Judicial Officers Recommendation Commission (JORC). In addition, Article 90 of the Basic Law provides that in the case of the appointment of the Chief Judge of the High Court, the Chief Executive shall obtain the endorsement of the Legislative Council.

Roles and Duties of the Chief Judge[edit]

The Chief Judge of the High Court is the Court Leader of the High Court and the President of the Court of Appeal. He is responsible for the administration of the High Court and is accountable to the Chief Justice. He is responsible for ensuring the 'efficient utilisation of judicial resources and court time, and for advising the Chief Justice on matters of policy concerning the operation and development of the High Court'.[4] He has statutory powers and duties under various Ordinances. These include the Legal Practitioners Ordinance under which he has the power to admit barristers and solicitors. He is responsible for the implementation of Civil Justice Reform and the monitoring of the working of the reformed system.

Chief Judges of the High Court[edit]

The judges who have held the position of Chief Judge of the High Court of Hong Kong to date are:

No. Name Portrait Took Office Left Office Length of Tenure Higher Education Promoted From Reason for Tenure End
1 Patrick Chan Siu-oi

(Born 1948)

Former Chief Judge Chan.jpg 1 July 1997 31 August 2000 3 years, 61 days University of Hong Kong (LLB, PCLL) Judge of the Court of First Instance Appointed as Permanent Judge to the Court of Final Appeal
2 Arthur Leong Siu-chung

(1936-2010)

Arthur Leong, Chief Judge of the High Court of Hong Kong (2000-2003).png 1 January 2001 13 July 2003 2 years, 193 days Inns of Court School of Law Judge of the Court of First Instance Retired
3 Geoffrey Ma Tao-li

(Born 1956)

1 geoffrey ma cj hk 2017 smu.jpg 14 July 2003 31 August 2010 7 years, 48 days University of Birmingham (LLB)

College of Law

Justice of Appeal of the Court of Appeal Appointed as Chief Justice of the Court of Final Appeal
4 Andrew Cheung Kui-nang

(Born 1961)

PJ Cheung from Hong Kong.jpg 20 June 2011 24 October 2018 7 years, 126 days University of Hong Kong (LLB, PCLL)

Harvard Law School (LLM)

Judge of the Court of First Instance Appointed as Permanent Judge to the Court of Final Appeal
5 Jeremy Poon Shiu-chor

(Born 1962)

TBD TBD University of Hong Kong (LLB, PCLL)

University College London (LLM)

Justice of Appeal of the Court of Appeal

For pre-1997 Chief Justices, see: Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Hong Kong

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Department of Justice: Bilingual Laws Information System". www.legislation.gov.hk. Archived from the original on 16 October 2012. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  2. ^ "Appointment of the Chief Judge of the High Court". www.info.gov.hk.
  3. ^ "About Us - List of Judges and Judicial Officers". www.judiciary.gov.hk. Archived from the original on 23 January 2010. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  4. ^ "Judicial Officers Recommendation Commissions Report 1997-2002" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 October 2010.