Chief Justice of Pakistan

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Chief Justice of Pakistan
Emblem of the Supreme Court of Pakistan.svg
Incumbent
Justice Jawwad S. Khawaja

since 17 August 2015
Style
The Honorable
My Lord<(When addressed directly in court)
Seat Islamabad
Nominator Prime Minister of Pakistan
Appointer President of Pakistan
Term length Variable Until age 65
Formation 27 June 1949
First holder Abdul Rashid
(as Federal Chief Justice)

The Chief Justice of Pakistan (Urdu:چيف جسٹس پاكستان; initials as CJP), is the head of the court system of Pakistan (the judicature branch of government) and the chief judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan.[1] The Chief Justice is one of the most senior of 16 Senior Justices of the Supreme Court of Pakistan.[2] From 1947 until 1960, the chief justice and senior justices were known as Federal Judge.[3]

The Chief Justice is the chief administrative officer of country's court system and a highest judicial officer, supervising federal judicial policies and conducting judicial business in the Supreme Court.[4][5] Nominations for the appointment of Chief Justice is made by Prime Minister of Pakistan and final appointments are confirmed by the President of Pakistan.[6][7] Presiding over the oral arguments before the court, the Chief Justice leads significant agenda-setting power over the court's meeting. In modern tradition, the Chief Justice has the ceremonial duty of administering the oath of office of the President of Pakistan.[8]

The first Chief Justice was Sir Abdul Rashid.[9] The 22nd and current Chief Justice is Jawwad S. Khawaja, incumbent since 17 August 2015.[10]

List of Chief Justices[edit]

Number Name Period of office Length of term (days) Bar Appointed by
1 Abdul Rashid 27 June 1949 29 June 1954 1,826 Lahore High Court Government of India Act 1935
2 Muhammad Munir 29 June 1954 2 May 1960 2,134 Lahore High Court Malik Ghulam Muhammad
3 Muhammad Shahabuddin 3 May 1960 12 May 1960 9 Madras High Court Ayub Khan
4 A.R. Cornelius 13 May 1960 29 February 1968 2,848 Lahore High Court
5 S.A. Rahman 1 March 1968 3 June 1968 94 Lahore High Court
6 Fazal Akbar 4 June 1968 17 November 1968 166 East Pakistan High Court
7 Hamoodur Rahman 18 November 1968 31 October 1975 2,538 Calcutta High Court
8 Yaqub Ali 1 November 1975 22 September 1977 691 Lahore High Court Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry
9 S. Anwarul Haq 23 September 1977 25 March 1981 1,279 Lahore High Court
10 Mohammad Haleem 23 March 1981 31 December 1989 283 Sindh High Court Zia-ul-Haq
11 Afzal Zullah 1 January 1990 18 April 1993 1,203 Lahore High Court Ghulam Ishaq Khan
12 Nasim Hasan Shah 17 April 1993 14 April 1994 362 Lahore High Court
*Acting Saad Saud Jan 15 April 1994 4 June 1994 50 Lahore High Court Farooq Leghari
13 Sajjad Ali Shah 5 June 1994 2 December 1997 1,276 Sindh High Court
14 Ajmal Mian 27 December 1997 30 June 1999 550 Sindh High Court Wasim Sajjad
15 Saeeduzzaman Siddiqui 1 July 1999 26 January 2000 209 Sindh High Court Rafiq Tarar
16 Irshad Hasan Khan 26 January 2000 6 January 2002 711 Lahore High Court
17 Bashir Jehangiri 7 January 2002 31 January 2002 24 Peshawar High Court Pervez Musharraf
18 Sheikh Riaz Ahmad 1 February 2002 31 December 2003 698 Lahore High Court
19 Nazim Hussain Siddiqui 31 December 2003 29 June 2005 546 Lahore High Court
20 Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry (1st) 29 June 2005 9 March 2007 618 Balochistan High Court
*Acting Javaid Iqbal 9 March 2007 24 March 2007 15 Balochistan High Court
*Acting Rana Bhagwandas 25 March 2007 20 July 2007 87 Sindh High Court
20 Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry (2nd) 20 July 2007 3 November 2007 136 Balochistan High Court
± A. H. Dogar 3 November 2007 21 March 2009 504 Sindh High Court
20 Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry (3rd) 21 March 2009 11 December 2013 1,726 Balochistan High Court Asif Ali Zardari
21 Tassaduq Hussain Jillani 12 December 2013 6 July 2014 176 Lahore High Court Mamnoon Hussain
22 Nasir-ul-Mulk 7 July 2014 17 August 2015 436 Peshawar High Court
23 Jawwad S. Khawaja 18 August 2015 9 September 2015 22 Lahore High Court
  • ± Recess appointment, later rejected by the Supreme Judicial Council. All decisions voided due to illegality of appointment.
  • Died in office

Time Line[edit]

Nasir-ul-Mulk Tassadduq Hussain Jillani Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry Abdul Hameed Dogar Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry Rana Bhagwandas Javaid Iqbal Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry Nazim Hussain Siddiqui Sheikh Riaz Ahmad Bashir Jehangiri Irshad Hasan Khan Saeeduzzaman Siddiqui Ajmal Mian Sajjad Ali Shah Saad Saud Jan Nasim Hasan Shah Muhammad Afzal Zullah Mohammad Haleem S. Anwarul Haq Muhammad Yaqub Ali Hamoodur Rahman Fazal Akbar S. A. Rahman A. R. Cornelius Muhammad Shahabuddin Muhammad Munir Abdul Rashid

See also[edit]

Notes and sources[edit]

  1. ^ et.al., various contributions (2012). Pakistan Business Law Handbook Strategic Information and Laws. Intl Business Pubns USA. ISBN 1438770715. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  2. ^ Manzoor, Saima; Manzoor,, Akif; Manzoor, Eng. Asif (2011). Police in Pakistan. New York, US: Lulu publications co. p. 350. ISBN 110599032X. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  3. ^ Shah, Ralph Braibanti ; foreword by Nasim Hasan (1999). Chief Justice Cornelius of Pakistan : an analysis with letters and speeches (2. impr. ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195790184. 
  4. ^ Article 176 in The Judicature Chapter 2 of Part VII of the Constitution of Pakistan
  5. ^ Article 175A in Chapter 1: The Courts. Part VII: The Judicature of the Constitution of Pakistan
  6. ^ Article 175A(12)-175A(13) Chapter 1: The Courts. Part VII: The Judicature of the Constitution of Pakistan
  7. ^ Supreme Court. "Judges Appointment & Court Composition" (google cache (html)). http://www.supremecourt.gov.pk/. Islamabad, Pakistan: Supreme Court of Pakistan Press. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  8. ^ Article 178 in the Chapter 2: The Supreme Court of Pakistan of Part VII: The Judicature of Constitution of Pakistan
  9. ^ Masood, Ahsan. "Names of the Chief Justices of the Supreme Court of Pakistan". http://masoodandmasood.com/. Masood and masood press. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  10. ^ "Justice Nasir-ul-Mulk takes oath as new chief justice of Pakistan". Dawn. The Herald. 6 July 2014. Retrieved 17 August 2015. 

External sources[edit]