Chief Medical Officers (United Kingdom)
In the United Kingdom, the Chief Medical Officer (CMO) is the most senior government advisor on health matters. There are four CMOs in the United Kingdom who are appointed to advise their respective governments: Her Majesty's Government (CMO for England and medical adviser to the United Kingdom government), the Northern Ireland Executive, the Scottish Government and the Welsh Government. Each CMO is assisted by one or more Deputy Chief Medical Officers, and complemented by a Chief Nursing Officer.
The Chief Medical Officer is a qualified medical doctor whose medical speciality traditionally was public health medicine, and whose work focused on the health of communities rather than health of individuals. More recently, some appointees have been senior clinicians without training in public health medicine. In the UK, the CMO is one of the chief professional officers who advise the government in their respective health and social care disciplines.
Chief Medical Officers for England
The historic post was created in Victorian times to help to prevent cholera and other epidemics. In 1969, the post of Chief Medical Officer for Wales was created, and prior to this both England and Wales were covered by the post of Chief Medical Officer of England and Wales.
- Sir John Simon (1855–1876)
- Dr Edward Cator Seaton (1876–1879)
- Sir George Buchanan (1879–1892)
- Sir Richard Thorne Thorne (1892–1899)
- Sir William Henry Power (1900–1908)
- Sir Arthur Newsholme (1908–1919)
- Sir George Newman (1919–1935)
- Sir Arthur MacNalty (1935–1940)
- Sir Wilson Jameson (1940–1950)
- Sir John Charles (1950–1960)
- Sir George Godber (1960–1973)
- Sir Henry Yellowlees (1973–1984)
- Sir Donald Acheson (1984–1991)
- Sir Kenneth Calman (1991–1998)
- Sir Liam Donaldson (1998–May 2010)
- Prof. Dame Sally Davies (Jun 2010–Sep 2019)
- Prof. Chris Whitty (Oct 2019–present)
Chief Medical Officers for Scotland
Through various reorganisations, the CMOs for Scotland has been the chief medical officer in the Local Government Board for Scotland, Scottish Board of Health, Department of Health for Scotland, the Scottish Home and Health Department, the Scottish Executive Health Department and now the Scottish Government:
- J. B. McLintock (1894–1898)
- James Burn Russell (1898–1904)
- Sir Leslie Mackenzie (1904–1929)
- J. P. Kinloch (1929–1932)
- J. L. Brownlie (1932–1937)
- J. M. Mackintosh (1937–1941)
- Sir Andrew Davidson (1941–1954)
- Sir Kenneth Cowan (1954–1964)
- Sir John Brotherston (1964–1977)
- Sir John Reid (1977–1985)
- Dr Iain Macdonald (1985–1989)
- Prof. Sir Kenneth Calman (1989–1991)
- Dr Robert Kendell (1991–1996)
- Prof. Sir David Carter (1996–2000)
- Dr Ernest Macalpine ("Mac") Armstrong (2000–2005)
- Prof. Sir Harry Burns (2005–2014)
- Prof. Aileen Keel (2014–2015; acting)
- Dr Catherine Calderwood (2015–2020)
- Dr Gregor Smith (2020–present; acting)
Chief Medical Officers for Wales
- Dr Richard Bevan (1969–1977)
- Prof. Gareth Crompton (1978–1989)
- Dame Deirdre Hine (1990–1997)
- Dr Ruth Hall (1997–2005)
- Dr David Salter (Jul 2005–Apr 2006; acting)
- Dr Tony Jewell (18 Apr 2006–2012)
- Dr Ruth Hussey (2012–2016)
- Dr Chris Jones (Mar–Jul 2016; acting)
- Dr Frank Atherton (1 Aug 2016–present)
Chief Medical Officers for Northern Ireland
- Dr William Richard Dawson (1922–1929) Chief Medical Officer of Ministry of Home Affairs, Northern Ireland.
- Dr Frank F Main (1954–1968)
- Dr Thomas Terence Baird (1973–1978)
- Dr Bob Weir (1978–1986)
- Dr James McKenna (1988–1995)
- Dr Henrietta Campbell (1995–2006)
- Dr Michael McBride (2006–present)
- Medical officer of health
- Chief Dental Officer (United Kingdom)
- Chief Nursing Officer (United Kingdom)
- Government Chief Scientific Adviser (United Kingdom)
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