List of Chief Ministers of Jharkhand
|Chief Minister of Jharkhand|
|Appointer||Governor of Jharkhand|
|Inaugural holder||Babulal Marandi|
|Formation||15 November 2000|
The Chief Minister of Jharkhand, an east Indian state, is the head of the Government of Jharkhand. As per the Constitution of India, the Governor of Jharkhand is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Jharkhand Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.
Since Jharkhand's creation in 2000, when it was carved out from the hilly southern districts of Bihar, six people have served as the state's chief minister, half of whom belong to the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), including Babulal Marandi, the inaugural officeholder. His party-mate Arjun Munda is the longest-serving chief minister—over five years, across three terms. Two chief ministers come from the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM), namely Shibu Soren and his son Hemant Soren. The state has also been governed by an independent, Madhu Koda. In between their reigns, the state has also been under President's rule thrice.
Chief Ministers of Jharkand
|Colour key for parties|
|15 November 2000||17 March 2003||2 years, 4 months and 2 days||Bharatiya Janata Party||BJP: 32|
|18 March 2003||2 March 2005||1 year, 11 months and 12 days|
|3||Shibu Soren||2 March 2005||12 March 2005||10 days||Jharkhand Mukti Morcha|
|12 March 2005||14 September 2006||1 year, 6 months and 2 days||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|14 September 2006||23 August 2008||1 year, 11 months and 9 days||Independent|
|(3)||Shibu Soren||27 August 2008||18 January 2009||4 months and 22 days||Jharkhand Mukti Morcha|
|19 January 2009||29 December 2009||11 months and 10 days||N/A|
|(3)||Shibu Soren||30 December 2009||31 May 2010||5 months and 1 day||Jharkhand Mukti Morcha||BJP: 18|
|1 June 2010||11 September 2010||3 months and 10 days||N/A|
|11 September 2010||18 January 2013||2 years, 4 months and 7 days||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|18 January 2013||12 July 2013||5 months and 24 days||N/A|
|13 July 2013||28 December 2014||1 year, 5 months and 15 days||Jharkhand Mukti Morcha|
|28 December 2014||Incumbent||4 years and 22 days||Bharatiya Janata Party||BJP: 42|
Notes and references
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chief ministers of Jharkhand.|
- This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
- President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.
- Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Jharkhand as well.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 October 2012. Retrieved 2012-09-22.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.