List of Chief Ministers of Jharkhand

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Chief Minister of Jharkhand
Raghuvar Das.jpg
Incumbent
Raghubar Das

since 28 December 2014
AppointerGovernor of Jharkhand
Inaugural holderBabulal Marandi
Formation15 November 2000

The Chief Minister of Jharkhand, an east Indian state, is the head of the Government of Jharkhand. As per the Constitution of India, the Governor of Jharkhand is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Jharkhand Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

Since Jharkhand's creation in 2000, when it was carved out from the hilly southern districts of Bihar, six people have served as the state's chief minister, half of whom belong to the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), including Babulal Marandi, the inaugural officeholder. His party-mate Arjun Munda is the longest-serving chief minister—over five years, across three terms. Two chief ministers come from the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM), namely Shibu Soren and his son Hemant Soren. The state has also been governed by an independent, Madhu Koda. In between their reigns, the state has also been under President's rule thrice.

The BJP's Raghubar Das is the incumbent chief minister, following his swearing-in on 28 December 2014.

Chief Ministers of Jharkand[edit]

Colour key for parties
No Name
Constituency
Image Term Party[a] Assembly composition
1 Babulal Marandi
Ramgarh
Babulal Marandi.jpg 15 November 2000 17 March 2003 2 years, 4 months and 2 days Bharatiya Janata Party BJP: 32
JMM: 12
INC: 11
RJD: 9
JD(U): 8
Others: 9
2 Arjun Munda
Kharsawan
Arjun Munda 8992.JPG 18 March 2003 2 March 2005 1 year, 11 months and 12 days
3 Shibu Soren Shibu Soren.jpg 2 March 2005 12 March 2005 10 days Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
BJP: 30
JMM: 17
INC: 9
RJD: 7
JD(U): 6
Others: 12
(2) Arjun Munda
Kharsawan
Arjun Munda 8992.JPG 12 March 2005 14 September 2006 1 year, 6 months and 2 days Bharatiya Janata Party
4 Madhu Koda
Jaganathpur
Madhu Koda.jpg 14 September 2006 23 August 2008[2] 1 year, 11 months and 9 days Independent
(3) Shibu Soren Shibu Soren.jpg 27 August 2008 18 January 2009 4 months and 22 days Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
Presidential Standard of India.PNG 19 January 2009 29 December 2009 11 months and 10 days N/A
(3) Shibu Soren Shibu Soren.jpg 30 December 2009 31 May 2010 5 months and 1 day Jharkhand Mukti Morcha BJP: 18
JMM: 18
INC: 13
JVM(P): 11
AJSU: 6
RJD: 5
Others: 10
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
Presidential Standard of India.PNG 1 June 2010 11 September 2010 3 months and 10 days N/A
(3) Arjun Munda
Kharsawan
Arjun Munda 8992.JPG 11 September 2010 18 January 2013 2 years, 4 months and 7 days Bharatiya Janata Party
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
Presidential Standard of India.PNG 18 January 2013 12 July 2013 5 months and 24 days N/A
5 Hemant Soren
Dumka
Hemant Soren 9039.JPG 13 July 2013 28 December 2014 1 year, 5 months and 15 days Jharkhand Mukti Morcha
6 Raghubar Das
Jamshedpur East
Raghuvar Das.jpg 28 December 2014 Incumbent 4 years and 22 days Bharatiya Janata Party BJP: 42
AJSU: 5
JMM: 19
INC: 7
JVM(P): 2
Others: 6

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  2. ^ a b c President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[3]
References
  1. ^ Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Jharkhand as well.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 October 2012. Retrieved 2012-09-22.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.