List of Chief Ministers of Madhya Pradesh
|Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh
(Madhya Pradesh Mukhya Mantri)
|Appointer||Governor of Madhya Pradesh|
|Inaugural holder||Ravishankar Shukla|
|Formation||1 November 1956|
The Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh (MP), a central Indian state, is the head of the Government of Madhya Pradesh. As per the Constitution of India, the governor is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.
The first Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh was Ravishankar Shukla, who took office on 1 November 1956. Including him, 12 out of the 18 MP chief ministers have belonged to the Indian National Congress. The longest-serving chief minister is current incumbent Shivraj Singh Chouhan of the Bharatiya Janata Party, who has served since 2005.
Chief Ministers of Madhya Pradesh
|Colour key for parties|
|No||Name||Term of office||Party[a]||Days in office|
|1||Ravishankar Shukla||1 November 1956||31 December 1956||Indian National Congress||61 days|
|2||Bhagwantrao Mandloi||1 January 1957||30 January 1957||30 days|
|3||Kailash Nath Katju||31 January 1957||14 March 1957||43 days|
|14 March 1957||11 March 1962||1823 days [Total 1866 days]|
|4||Bhagwantrao Mandloi||12 March 1962||29 September 1963||567 days|
|5||Dwarka Prasad Mishra||30 September 1963||8 March 1967||1256 days|
|9 March 1967||29 July 1967||143 days [Total 1399 days]|
|6||Govind Narayan Singh||30 July 1967||12 March 1969||Samyukta Vidhayak Dal||592 days|
|7||Nareshchandra Singh||13 March 1969||25 March 1969||Indian National Congress||13 days|
|8||Shyama Charan Shukla||26 March 1969||28 January 1972||1038 days|
|9||Prakash Chandra Sethi||29 January 1972||22 March 1972||54 days|
|23 March 1972||22 December 1975||1004 days [Total 1058 days]|
|(8)||Shyama Charan Shukla ||23 December 1975||29 April 1977||494 days|
|29 April 1977||25 June 1977||N/A|
|10||Kailash Chandra Joshi||26 June 1977||17 January 1978||Janata Party||206 days|
|11||Virendra Kumar Saklecha||18 January 1978||19 January 1980||732 days|
|12||Sunderlal Patwa||20 January 1980||17 February 1980||29 days|
|18 February 1980||8 June 1980||N/A|
|13||Arjun Singh||8 June 1980||10 March 1985||Indian National Congress||1736 days|
|11 March 1985||12 March 1985||2 days|
|14||Motilal Vora||13 March 1985||13 February 1988||1068 days|
|(13)||Arjun Singh ||14 February 1988||24 January 1989||345 days [Total 2083 days]|
|(14)||Motilal Vora||25 January 1989||8 December 1989||318 days [Total 1386 days]|
|(8)||Shyama Charan Shukla ||9 December 1989||4 March 1990||86 days [Total 1618 days]|
|(12)||Sunderlal Patwa ||5 March 1990||15 December 1992||Bharatiya Janata Party||1017 days [Total 1046 days]|
|16 December 1992||6 December 1993||N/A|
|15||Digvijaya Singh||7 December 1993||1 December 1998||Indian National Congress||1820 days|
|1 December 1998||8 December 2003||1834 days [Total 3654 days]|
|16||Uma Bharti||8 December 2003||23 August 2004||Bharatiya Janata Party||260 days|
|17||Babulal Gaur||23 August 2004||29 November 2005||464 days|
|18||Shivraj Singh Chouhan||29 November 2005||12 December 2008||3889 days|
|12 December 2008||12 December 2013|
|13 December 2013||Incumbent|
- This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
- When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.
- Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Madhya Pradesh as well.
- Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005. Retrieved on 3 March 2013.
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