Chief Peteetneet

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A statue of Peteetneet outside Peteetneet School

Chief Peteetneet, or more precisely Pah-ti't-ni't (pronounced Paw-tee't-nee't), was a clan leader of a band of Timpanogos that lived near Peteetneet Creek, which was named for him (or perhaps for which he was named), in what is now known as Payson, Utah, United States.[1]

His band was semi-nomadic, living in semi-permanent, grass-thatched, wattle-and-daub houses, and roamed throughout the Utah Lake area as well as Sanpete and Sevier counties. Together with Chief Tabby-To-Kwanah, they led seasonal migrations through the canyon each spring and fall.[2] His daughter Pomona (Pamamaci = "Water-woman") married the mountain man, Miles Goodyear. Peteetneet is the aglicized corruption of Pah-ti't-ni't, which in Timpanogos means "our water place".[3][4]

In February 1850, his village was attacked by the Mormon militia, as part of the Battle at Fort Utah. Although Peteetneet was not there at the time of the attack, he did confront the soldiers at Fort Utah after finding the bodies of several decapitated Indians.[5]

When the first Mormon pioneers arrived on Peteeneet Creek in late October, 1850, they found that Chief Peteetneet was friendly, along with his band of about 200 Timpanogos. The Mormon pioneers settled on an uninhabited section of the creek about a mile southeast of Peteetneet's village. It is unlikely that the settlement on Peteetneet Creek would have survived the winter without the benevolence of Chief Peteetneet and his band.[6][7][8]

Chief Peteetneet also enjoyed the support of Mormon leaders in the Indian slave trade.[9][10] Apostle George A. Smith gave him talking papers that certified "it is my desire that they [Captain Walker and Peteetneet] should be treated as friends, and as they wish to Trade horses, Buckskins and Piede children, we hope them success and prosperity and good bargains."[11]

Chief Peteetneet died on December 23, 1861, under somewhat mysterious circumstances in Cedar Valley, Utah, near recently abandoned Fort Crittenden (Camp Floyd). He was buried on the mountainside in Cedar Valley by members of his band. His wife, who was murdered on his express deathbed orders by an axe-wielding woman in his band, was buried in the valley below his grave in order to accompany him into the afterlife.[12] He was succeeded at the time of his death in 1862 by a near kinsman named Ponnewats, a corruption of Pa-ni-wa-tsi, meaning "Little Master of Our Water".[3][4]

A monument of Chief Peteetneet stands at the front of the Peteetneet Museum and Cultural Arts Center.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Peteneet Creek
  2. ^ Sumsion, Oneita Burnside (1983). Thistle – Focus on Disaster. Springville, Utah: Art City Publishing Company. ISBN 0-936860-14-6.
  3. ^ a b Sapir, Edward. 1930. The Southern Paiute a Shoshonean Language, Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 65(1):1-296.
  4. ^ a b Sapir, Edward. 1931. Southern Paiute Dictionary, Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 65(3):537-730.
  5. ^ Farmer, Jared (2008). On Zion's Mount: Mormons, Indians, and the American Landscape. Harvard University Press. p. 75. ISBN 9780674027671.
  6. ^ Pace, James Edward. 1946. Autobiography and Diary of James Pace, 1811-1888. Harold B. Lee Library. Brigham Young University, Provo, UT. 186 p.
  7. ^ Young, Brigham. 1850. Manuscript History of Brigham Young 1847-1850 (W. S. Harwell, ed.), pp 360. Collier's Publishing, Salt Lake City, UT, 1997. 388 p.
  8. ^ Journal History. 1850-1852. Journal History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-1972 (inclusive), Reel 10 (microfilm: June 1850-January 1852). Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Church Historian's Office, Salt Lake City, UT.
  9. ^ American Historical Company, American Historical Society (1913). Americana, Volume 8. National Americana Society. p. 83.
  10. ^ Ronald L. Holt. Beneath These Red Cliffs. USU Press. p. 25.
  11. ^ Richard S. Van Wagoner and Steven C. Walker. A Book of Mormons.
  12. ^ Editor. 1862. Death of Chief Peteetneet. Deseret News, 1 January 1862.