Chief scientific officer
A chief science officer (C.S.O.) is a position at the head of scientific research operations at organizations or companies performing significant scientific research projects.
A C.S.O. typically is responsible for envisioning and developing research capabilities (human, methodological, and technological), for developing evidence of the validity and utility of research products, and for communicating with the scientific and customer communities concerning capabilities and scientific product offerings.
In some organizations, the same person may hold this title along with that of chief technology officer (C.T.O.). Alternatively, a company could have one or the other, or both occupied by separate people. Often, C.S.Os exists in heavily research-oriented companies, while C.T.Os exists in product development focused companies. The typical category of research and development that exists in many science and technology companies can be led by either post, depending upon which area is the organization's primary focus.
A C.S.O. almost always has a pure science background and an advanced degree, whereas a C.T.O. often has a background in engineering or business development.
Some academic research organizations, such as the Fox Chase Cancer Center, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and the San Diego Supercomputer Center have adopted a similar title of C.S.O. Typically, their role is to evaluate and set scientific priorities and coordinate the administrative structure that supports scientists. A C.S.O. commonly has a scientific or academic background, yet they may or may not be practicing scientists or academics.
In the National Health Service, the C.S.O. is the head of profession for the 53,000 healthcare scientists working in the organization and its associated bodies. The C.S.O. is one of six NHS professional officers (including the chief medical officer and the chief nursing officer) who are employed within NHS England. These roles lead their own professional groups as well as providing expert knowledge about their specific disciplines to the NHS and wider health and care system.
The C.S.O. provides professional leadership and expert clinical advice across the health system, as well as working alongside senior clinical leaders within NHS England and the broader commissioning system. The C.S.O. is also responsibility for delivering the government's strategy for a modernised healthcare science workforce, Modernising Scientific Careers.
Professor Dame Sue Hill has been the C.S.O. since October 2002 first within the department of health and subsequently NHS England . The role was strengthened in March 2013, with the appointment of a deputy C.S.O.
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