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The title chief governing officer (CGO) is an uncommon term used to designate the chairman of the board or an officeholder with another title who is considered ultimately accountable for the governance of that organization. It is used in some municipalities, and nonprofits, or non-governmental organizations that distinguish between the role of chairman and that of the chief executive officer. The term is commonly used by those who subscribe to John Carver's Policy Governance model of corporate governance. In the case of John Carver's policy governance, the term is interchangeable with Chief Governance Officer.