Chief of Army Staff (Pakistan)
|Chief of Army Staff of the Pakistan Army
Flag of the Chief of Army Staff
|Ministry of Defence
Army Secretariat-I at MoD
|Member of||Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee|
|Reports to||Prime Minister of Pakistan
Minister of Defence
|Seat||General Headquarters (GHQ)
Rawalpindi Cantonment, Punjab, Pakistan
|Nominator||Prime Minister of Pakistan|
|Appointer||President of Pakistan|
|Term length||3 years
Renewable only once
|Formation||March 3, 1972|
|First holder||General Tikka Khan|
|Succession||On basis of seniority, subjected to the decision of the Prime Minister of Pakistan.|
|Unofficial names||Army chief|
|Deputy||Chief of General Staff
Vice-Chief of Army Staff
|Salary||According to Pakistan Military officer's Pay Grade(apex Scale)|
The Chief of Army Staff (Urdu: سربراہ پاک فوج) (reporting name: COAS), is a military appointment and statutory office held by the four-star rank army general in the Pakistan Army, who is appointed by the Prime Minister of Pakistan and final confirmation by the President of Pakistan.
The Chief of Army Staff is a senior most appointment in the Pakistani military who is a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee in a separate capacity, usually consulting with the Chairman joint chiefs to act as a military adviser to the Prime Minister and its civilian government in the line of defending the land borders of the country.Four Army Chiefs: Ayub Khan, Yahya Khan, Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq and Pervez Musharraf, became president by forcefully removing the democratic governments by military coup. :40 The Chief of Army Staff exercise its responsibility of command and control of the operational, combatant, logistics, and training commands within the army, in contrast to the Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army. Due to its statue, the Chief of Army Staff have been instrumental in enforcing martial laws against the civilian government due to the meltdown of a civil-military relations in the past decades.:168
The appointment, in principle, is constitutionally subjected to be for three years but extension may be granted from the approval and recommendations of the Prime Minister by the President. The Chief of Army Staff is based in the Army GHQ, and the current Chief of Army Staff is General Qamar Javed Bajwa, serving in this capacity since 29 November 2016
Prior to creation of Pakistan from the partition of India on 14 August of 1947, the senior military general officer commanding of the Pakistan Army were the ad-hoc appointments made by the Army Board of the British Army.
The appointment was known as Commander-in-Chief who directly reported to the Governor-General who was also under British monarchs.:105 The first commander-in-chiefs of the army were senior officers of the British Army who commanded the amalgamated army of British and Pakistani army officers from 1947 until 1951.:105
In 1969, the title of the army command was changed from "Commander-in-Chief" to "Chief of Staff" with President Yahya Khan acting as Commander-in-Chief and General A.H. Khan as Chief of Staff.:contents On 20 March 1972, the post was renamed as "Chief of Army Staff" (COAS) with Lieutenant-General Tikka Khan elevated to four star rank to be appointed as army's first chief of army staff.:62
The term of the superannuation was then constrained to three years in the office as opposed to four years and was made a permanent member of Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee.:62 Since 1972, there has been 10 four-star rank army generals to be appointed as chief of army staff by statue. The Prime Minister approved the nomination and appointment of the Chief of Army Staff, with President confirming the Prime Minister's appointed choosing and nomination.
The army leadership is based in the Army GHQ whose functions are supervised by the Chief of Army Staff, assisted by the civilians from the Army Secretariat of the Ministry of Defence (MoD). The Chief of Army Staff exercise its responsibility of complete operational, training and logistics commands.:131
There are several principle staff officers (PSO) that assists in running the operations of the Army GHQ:
- Engineer-in-Chief (Eng-in-C)
- Chief of General Staff
- Chief of Logistics Staff
- Inspector-General of Training and Evaluation (IGT&E)
- Inspector-General Communications and IT (IGC&IT)
- Inspector-General Arms (IG Arms)
- Military Secretary (Mil Secy)
- Quartermaster General (QMG)
- Master General of Ordnance (MGO)
- Judge Advocate General Corps
List of Chiefs of Army Staff
|Order||Name||Rank||portrait||Appointment Date||Retirement||Unit of Commission||Decorations|
|1.||Tikka Khan||General||3 March 1972||1 March 1976||2 Fd Regt Arty||HJ, HQA, SPk|
|2.||Zia-ul-Haq(became President by Military coup)||General||1 March 1976||17 August 1988||13 Lancers|
|3.||Mirza Aslam Beg||General||17 August 1988||16 August 1991||16 Baloch||NI(M), SBt|
|4.||Asif Nawaz||General||16 August 1991||8 January 1993||5 Punjab||NI(M), SBt|
|5.||Abdul Waheed Kakar||General||11 January 1993||12 January 1996||5 FF||NI(M), SBt|
|6.||Jehangir Karamat||General||12 January 1996||6 October 1998||13 Lancers||NI(M), TBt|
|7.||Pervez Musharraf(became President by Military coup)||General||6 October 1998||28 November 2007||16 (SP) Medium Regt Arty||NI(M), TBt|
|8.||Ashfaq Parvez Kayani||General||29 November 2007||29 November 2013||5 Baloch||NI(M), HI(C)|
|9.||Raheel Sharif||General||29 November 2013||29 November 2016||6 FF||NI(M)|
|10.||Qamar Javed Bajwa||General||29 November 2016||current||16 Baloch||NI(M), HI(M)|
Vice Chief of Army Staff
The Vice Chief of Army Staff (VCOAS), is the post that is principle deputy and second-in-command (S-in-C) of the Pakistan Army, reporting under the Chief of Army Staff. The position was created in the existence of army chief is simultaneously the President of Pakistan, having taking over by imposing the martial law against the elected civilian government.:contents The post is now nonexistence and no longer in commission with the army— the Chief of General Staff now serves as the second-in-command in the army leadership.
The function and scope of the vice army chief was to "exercise and perform all the powers and functions vested in the chief of army staff under the law. rules, regulations, orders, and instructions for the time being in the force.":contents
The vice army chiefs are considered to be the principle commander of the army but not altogether, as the vice army chief has to report to the army chief, specifically in taking decisions regarding the promotions.:contents The post of the vice army chief is a senior position and its officer is a four-star rank army general, with distinction of General Abdul Hamid Khan who acted of Chief of Staff of the Pakistan Army under President Yahya Khan who was the President of Pakistan and the Commander in Chief.
|Order||Name||Rank||Photo||Appointment Date||Left Office||Unit of Commission||Decorations|
|±||Abdul Hamid Khan||General||25 March 1969||20 December 1971||10th Baloch||HQA, SPk|
|1||Sawar Khan||General||13 April 1980||23 March 1984||1st (SP) Med Regt Arty (FF)||NI(M)|
|2||Khalid Mahmud Arif||General||22 March 1984||29 March 1987||11th Cavalry (FF)||NI(M), S Bt|
|3||Mirza Aslam Beg||General||29 March 1987||17 August 1988||16th Baloch||NI(M), S Bt|
|4||Yusaf Khan||General||8 October 2001||6 October 2004||Guides Cavalry||NI(M)|
|5||Ahsan Saleem Hayat||General||7 October 2004||7 October 2007||33rd Cavalry||NI(M)|
|6||Ashfaq Parvez Kayani||General||8 October 2007||28 November 2007||5th Baloch||NI(M), HI|
- Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee
- Chief of Air Staff (Pakistan)
- Chief of Naval Staff (Pakistan)
- Chief of General Staff (Pakistan)
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