Chief of Defence Staff (India)
|Chief of Defence Staff|
|Integrated Defence Staff|
|Type||Chief of Defence|
|Reports to||Minister of Defence|
|Residence||New Delhi, India|
|Seat||Integrated Defence Headquarters, Department of Military Affairs, Ministry of Defence|
|Appointer||Appointments Committee of the Cabinet|
|Term length||Three years or until the age of 65; whichever is earlier|
|Precursor||Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee|
|Formation||24 December 2019|
|First holder||General Bipin Rawat|
|Deputy||Vice Chief of Defence Staff|
The Chief of Defence Staff of the Indian Armed Forces (CDS) is the head of the military staff of the Indian Armed Forces and the chief executive of the Department of Military Affairs. As the highest-ranking serving officer in the Indian Armed Forces, the CDS is the commanding officer and chairperson of the Joint Commanders and Staff Committee – making them the chief military adviser to the government of India and the Ministry of Defence. As the professional head of the armed forces, the Chief of Defence Staff is also aided by the newly formed office of Vice Chief of Defence Staff, the nation's second highest ranking military officer, and the three chiefs of staff of the army, navy and air force, who are the leaders of each respective branch. The first and current CDS is General Bipin Rawat, who took office on 1 January 2020.
The position was first officially suggested in 1999 following the Kargil War through the recommendations of the Kargil Review Committee. Although a long-talked-about position in India, the official call was made public by Prime Minister Narendra Modi during his Independence Day speech on 15 August 2019 at Red Fort, New Delhi. On 24 December 2019, the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) formally announced the creation of the position, a four-star general, a tri-service chief, that shall lead the defence forces.
It is considered that the Chief of Defence Staff is a critical position in today's era of hybrid warfare, and will help increase coordination, tri-service effectiveness and integrate overall combat capabilities of Indian armed forces. The Defence Secretary, a civil servant, remains as the main defence adviser, whilst the CDS has been sanctioned the role of being the main military adviser, acting as the single-point military adviser to the government and Defence Minister.[a] India was the only large democracy which did not have a single point military advisor; with all P5 countries having one.
The post of Chairman of the Chief of Staff Committee (Chairman-CoSC) had been formed in 1947 as a precursor to the post of CDS, responsible for advice to the Defence Minister on all military matters. The senior-most of the three service chiefs would be appointed Chairman CoSC.
General K. V. Krishna Rao advanced creation of the post of Chief of Defence Staff in June 1982. However, officially, it was only following the Kargil Review Committee's recommendation in 1999 that the Group of Ministers (GoM) officially proposed the creation of the post of CDS in 2001. Following committees, including the Naresh Chandra task force in 2012 and the Lieutenant General D. B. Shekatkar Committee in 2016, also proposed their own versions of a CDS. The process of consulting all parties involved began in 2006. In 2017, the Cabinet Committee on Security started the process of making the final decision related to the creation of a post for the CDS.
The matter had opposition over the years on various fronts. After the Indo-Pakistan War of 1971, Chief of the Air Staff, Air Chief Marshal Pratap Chandra Lal, had threatened to quit if the post of CDS was created. There were also fears that such a post would be too powerful. In 2001 the government was on the brink of making the then Chief of the Naval Staff Admiral, Sushil Kumar, the CDS. A date had been fixed including other formalities. However, due to turf wars, among other reasons, the idea was scrapped.
Following the Prime Minister's announcement, a committee was announced on 23 August 2019 under the National Security Advisor, consisting of the Cabinet Secretary, the Defence Secretary and the Chairman of the Chief of Staff Committee (C-COSC) among others, to make final the powers of the CDS. The committee was to submit its report within six weeks. By November 2019, government sources reported the committee had largely completed its tasks and would release an official charter and enabling framework for the post of CDS by mid-December. On 24 December, the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) formally established the post of Chief of Defence Staff, a four-star general, a tri-service Chief, that shall lead the defence forces as well as play the role of head of the Department of Military Affairs (DMA).
Description of the post
The CDS is a four-star officer selected from among the serving officers of the Indian Armed Forces. While being "first among equals" among the service chiefs, the CDS is a single-point military advisor to the defence minister..The CDS is assisted by a deputy, the Vice Chief of the Defence Staff. The CDS heads the Department of Military Affairs under the Ministry of Defence, as its secretary. Apart from heading the DMA, the CDS is the Permanent Chairperson of the Chiefs of Staff Committee (PC-CoSC).
As the Permanent Chairman of Chiefs of Staff Committee, CDS will perform the following functions:
- Implementing weapons procurement procedures.
- Integrating operations of the Army, Air Force and Navy.
- Bring about jointness and ensure optimal utilisation of infrastructure in the three Services.
- Apart from being the military advisor for the government, the CDS also heads the Department of Military Affairs.
- Authority to create theatre commands as and when needed.
- Command tri-service agencies, organisations, and commands including those related to cyber and space.
- CDS will be member of Defence Acquisition Council and Defence Planning Committee
- Function as the Military Advisor to the Nuclear Command Authority.
- Bring about reforms in the functioning of three services aimed at augmenting combat capabilities of the Armed Forces by reducing wasteful expenditure.
- Assign inter-services prioritisation to capital acquisition proposals.
Uniform and insignia
While the Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) wears the appropriately coloured uniform of their parent service, the gold-wreathed tri-service emblem of the Indian Armed Forces (the Naval anchor, crossed Army swords and Air Force eagle, all surmounted by the national emblem of India) is used in place of service insignia and unit emblems. The wreathed tri-service emblem is also substituted for service cap badges, uniform button and belt badge service insignia, shoulder flashes and the shoulder rank badges of a four-star officer with The four-star gorget patches similar to that used by a service chief. While the car pennant is that of the officer's parent service, the tri-service emblem is substituted for the rank stars.
|No.||Portrait||Chief of Defence Staff||Took office||Left office||Time in office||Service||Previous office||Minister of Defence||Ref|
|1 January 2020||Incumbent||1 year, 103 days||Indian Army||Chief of the Army Staff||Rajnath Singh (BJP)|||
Among the first reforms proposed by the new CDS was the creation of an Air Defence Command. Following the COVID-19 pandemic, the CDS emphasised the need to minimise costly defence imports, give a chance to domestic production even with only 70% of the general staff qualitative requirements, and not 'misrepresent operational requirements'. In February 2020, the CDS announced the creation of joint military commands and theatre commands, "Integrated Theatre Commands"; and that the process of theaterisation will be complete in a number of years. Each command will have units from Army, Navy and Air-force working in synergy with each other.
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- Media related to Chief of Defence Staff (India) at Wikimedia Commons