Chief of Defence (Norway)

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Chief of Defence of Norway
Forsvarssjefen
Coat of arms of the Norwegian Chief of Defence.png
Coat of arms
Flag of the Norwegian Chief of Defence.svg
Standard
Haakon Bruun-Hanssen admiral IMG 5133.JPG
Incumbent
Haakon Bruun-Hanssen

since 19 November 2013
Appointer The Prime Minister
with approval from The Council of State
Inaugural holder Otto Ruge
Formation 18 May 1940
Website http://www.mil.no/fst/forsvarssjefen/[permanent dead link]

The Chief of Defence (Forsvarssjefen) is the highest-ranking officer of the Military of Norway, second only to the King of Norway. Even though he holds the same rank as the King of Norway, according to the Norwegian Constitution the King holds the highest command of the Army, Air Force, Navy and Home Guard.

The Chief of Defence is the top advisor to the Government regarding military issues. He is responsible for carrying out the mission the King or Minister of Defence gives to the Military. He is also Norway's representative to NATO's military committee.[1]

The post was first established in 1940,[2][3] and is currently held by Admiral Haakon Bruun-Hanssen.[4]

List of Chiefs of Defence[edit]

Chief of Defence Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch
1
Otto Ruge
Ruge, OttoMajor General Otto Ruge 18 May 1940 9 June 1940 22 days Norwegian Army seal Army
Carl Gustav Fleischer
Fleischer, Carl GustavMajor General Carl Gustav Fleischer (Acting) 10 June 1940 22 February 1942 1 year, 257 days Norwegian Army seal Army
2
Wilhelm von Tangen Hansteen
Hansteen, Wilhelm von TangenMajor General Wilhelm von Tangen Hansteen 23 February 1942 30 June 1944 2 years, 128 days Norwegian Army seal Army
3
Olav
OlavHRH Crown Prince Olav 1 July 1944 15 July 1945 1 year, 14 days Norwegian Army seal Army
(1)
Otto Ruge
Ruge, OttoLieutenant General Otto Ruge 16 July 1945 31 December 1945 168 days Norwegian Army seal Army
-
Elias Corneliussen
Corneliussen, EliasRear Admiral Elias Corneliussen (Acting) 1 January 1946 31 May 1946 150 days Royal Norwegian Navy seal Navy
-
Halvor Hansson
Hansson, HalvorMajor General Halvor Hansson (Acting) 1 June 1946 31 July 1946 60 days Norwegian Army seal Army
4
Ole Berg(as Chief of the Defence Staff)
Berg, OleLieutenant General Ole Berg
(as Chief of the Defence Staff)
1 August 1946 31 October 1955 9 years, 91 days Norwegian Army seal Army
5
Finn Lambrechts(as Chief of the Defence Staff)
Lambrechts, FinnLieutenant General Finn Lambrechts
(as Chief of the Defence Staff)
1 November 1955 8 December 1956 1 year, 37 days Royal Norwegian Air Force seal Air Force
6
Bjarne Øen(as Chief of the Defence Staff)
Øen, BjarneLieutenant General Bjarne Øen
(as Chief of the Defence Staff)
10 January 1957 31 December 1962 5 years, 355 days Royal Norwegian Air Force seal Air Force
(6)
Bjarne Øen
Øen, BjarneLieutenant General Bjarne Øen 1 January 1963 31 December 1963 364 days Royal Norwegian Air Force seal Air Force
7
Folke Hauger Johannessen
Johannessen, Folke Hauger(Vice) Admiral Folke Hauger Johannessen 1 January 1964 31 December 1972 8 years, 365 days Royal Norwegian Navy seal Navy
8
Herman Fredrik Zeiner-Gundersen
Zeiner-Gundersen, Herman FredrikGeneral Herman Fredrik Zeiner-Gundersen 1 February 1972 20 March 1977 5 years, 47 days Norwegian Army seal Army
9
Sverre B. Hamre
Hamre, Sverre B.General Sverre B. Hamre 21 March 1977 30 June 1982 5 years, 70 days Norwegian Army seal Army
10
Sven Hauge
Hauge, SvenGeneral Sven Hauge 1 July 1982 30 June 1984 1 year, 365 days Royal Norwegian Air Force seal Air Force
11
Fredrik Bull-Hansen
Bull-Hansen, FredrikGeneral Fredrik Bull-Hansen 1 July 1984 31 August 1987 3 years, 61 days Norwegian Army seal Army
12
Vigleik Eide
Eide, VigleikGeneral Vigleik Eide 31 August 1987 5 September 1989 2 years, 5 days Norwegian Army seal Army
13
Torolf Rein
Rein, TorolfAdmiral Torolf Rein 5 September 1989 31 October 1994 5 years, 56 days Royal Norwegian Navy seal Navy
14
Arne Solli
Solli, ArneGeneral Arne Solli 31 October 1994 30 April 1999 4 years, 181 days Norwegian Army seal Army
15
Sigurd Frisvold
Frisvold, SigurdGeneral Sigurd Frisvold 1 May 1999 31 March 2005 5 years, 334 days Norwegian Army seal Army
16
Sverre Diesen
Diesen, SverreGeneral Sverre Diesen 1 April 2005 30 September 2009 4 years, 182 days Norwegian Army seal Army
17
Harald Sunde[5]
Sunde, HaraldGeneral Harald Sunde[5] 1 October 2009 19 November 2013 4 years, 49 days Norwegian Army seal Army
18
Haakon Bruun-Hanssen[5]
Bruun-Hanssen, HaakonAdmiral Haakon Bruun-Hanssen[5] 19 November 2013 Incumbent 3 years, 258 days Royal Norwegian Navy seal Navy

References and footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Overview of the Chief of Defence of Norway position and a listing of holders (in Norwegian) Archived 2009-09-15 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Derry, T.K. (1972). A History of Modern Norway: 1814—1972. Clarendon Press, Oxford. ISBN 978-0-19-822503-4. 
  3. ^ Kersaudy, François (1987). Norway 1940. St. Martin's Press, New York. ISBN 0-312-06427-6. 
  4. ^ http://www.regjeringen.no/en/dep/fd/whats-new/News/20121/admiral-haakon-bruun-hanssen-appointed-n.html?id=745827
  5. ^ a b "Norway has appointed a new Chief of Defence". Regjeringen.no, 21 June 2013, webpage: Regj398.