Chief of Protocol
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|Chief of Protocol|
Seal of the United States Department of State
|Reports to||United States Secretary of State|
|Nominator||President of the United States|
|Inaugural holder||James Clement Dunn|
The Chief of Protocol is an officer of the United States Department of State responsible for advising the President of the United States, the Vice President, and the Secretary of State on matters of national and international diplomatic protocol. The Chief of Protocol holds the rank of Ambassador and Assistant Secretary of State.
The chief arranges itineraries for foreign dignitaries visiting the U.S. and accompanies the president on all official international travel. Additionally, the office is responsible for accrediting foreign diplomats and publishing the list of foreign consular offices in the U.S., organizing ceremonies for treaty signings, conducting ambassadorial swearing-in and state arrival ceremonies, and maintaining Blair House, the official guest house for state visitors.
The Chief of Protocol duties include being present at the annual State of the Union speech (SOTU) given by the President each January before Congress. These SOTU duties include escorting the Dean of the Diplomatic Corps into the House Chamber for the SOTU speech.
The Chief of Protocol position should not be confused with the distinctly different White House Social Secretary position.
The office identifies seven divisions on its website, led by assistant chiefs, who oversee the following principal duties:
List of Chiefs of Protocol of the United States
|Name||Assumed office||Left office||President served under|
|James Clement Dunn||February 4, 1928||November 17, 1930||Herbert Hoover|
|F. Lammot Belin||November 17, 1930||September 15, 1931||Herbert Hoover|
|Warren Delano Robbins||September 15, 1931||June 11, 1933||Herbert Hoover|
|James Clement Dunn||June 11, 1933||April 11, 1935||Franklin D. Roosevelt|
|Richard Southgate||April 11, 1935||July 29, 1937||Franklin D. Roosevelt|
|George T. Summerlin||July 29, 1938||January 15, 1944||Franklin D. Roosevelt|
|Stanley Woodward||January 15, 1944||May 22, 1950||Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman|
|John F. Simmons||August 18, 1950||January 31, 1957||Harry S. Truman and Dwight D. Eisenhower|
|Wiley T. Buchanan, Jr.||February 4, 1957||January 23, 1961||Dwight D. Eisenhower|
|Angier Biddle Duke||January 24, 1961||January 20, 1965||John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson|
|Lloyd Nelson Hand||January 21, 1965||March 21, 1966||Lyndon B. Johnson|
|James W. Symington||March 22, 1966||March 31, 1968||Lyndon B. Johnson|
|Angier Biddle Duke||April 1, 1968||September 26, 1968||Lyndon B. Johnson|
|Tyler Abell||September 30, 1968||January 20, 1969||Lyndon B. Johnson|
|Emil Mosbacher, Jr.||January 21, 1969||June 30, 1972||Richard Nixon|
|Marion H. Smoak||March 29, 1974||Mar 30, 1974||Richard Nixon|
|Henry E. Catto, Jr.||April 3, 1974||July 1, 1976||Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford|
|Shirley Temple Black||July 1, 1976||January 21, 1977||Gerald Ford|
|Evan Dobelle||March 2, 1977||May 22, 1978||Jimmy Carter|
|Edith H. J. Dobelle||November 3, 1978||September 26, 1979||Jimmy Carter|
|Abelardo L. Valdez||October 19, 1979||January 21, 1981||Jimmy Carter|
|Morgan Mason (acting)||January 21, 1981||March 20, 1981||Ronald Reagan|
|Leonore Annenberg||March 20, 1981||January 6, 1982||Ronald Reagan|
|Selwa Roosevelt||April 16, 1982||January 20, 1989||Ronald Reagan|
|Joseph Verner Reed, Jr.||May 21, 1989||October 21, 1991||George H. W. Bush|
|John Giffen Weinmann||October 31, 1991||January 20, 1993||George H. W. Bush|
|Molly M. Raiser||September 14, 1993||July 24, 1997||Bill Clinton|
|Mary Mel French||November 13, 1997||January 20, 2001||Bill Clinton|
|Donald Ensenat||June 6, 2001||February 18, 2007||George W. Bush|
|Nancy Brinker||September 14, 2007||January 20, 2009||George W. Bush|
|Capricia Marshall||August 3, 2009||August 1, 2013||Barack Obama|
|Natalie Jones (acting)||August 1, 2013||May 13, 2014||Barack Obama|
|Peter A. Selfridge||May 13, 2014||January 20, 2017||Barack Obama|
|Sean Lawler||December 1, 2017||Present||Donald J. Trump|
- "Assistant Secretaries and Equivalent Rank". January 20, 2009. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- "Department Organization Chart". March 2014. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- Levy, Claudia (2014-02-11). "Shirley Temple Black, actress and diplomat, dies at 85". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2016-03-07.
- "U.S. Department of State: Office of the Chief of Protocol". State.gov. Retrieved 2017-08-25.