Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines

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Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines
Seal of the Armed Forces of the Philippines.svg
Official Seal of the Armed Forces of the Philippines
AFP chief Benjamin Madrigal (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
General Benjamin Madrigal Jr., AFP

since December 11, 2018
AbbreviationCSAFP
Reports toSecretary of National Defense
President of the Philippines
AppointerThe President
with the consent of the Commission on Appointments
Term lengthMandatory retirement at age 56.[1]
Can be extended for 3-6 Months until 3 years
Constituting instrumentRepublic Act No. 8186[2][3]
FormationDecember 21, 1935 (Official)
March 22, 1897 (Revolutionary)
First holderArtemio Ricarte (Revolutionary)
Jose Delos Reyes (AFP)
DeputyVice Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (Assistant), Deputy Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (Chief Strategist and Policy Maker)
WebsitePhilippine Armed Forces

The Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, usually the only officer holding a rank of four-star general/admiral, is the head of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP), including all service branches (Army, NavyMarine Corps, Air Force, Coast Guard — in Wartime Attached Service) under its command. He is also the highest-ranking military officer of the whole AFP, and appointed by, as well as directly reports to the President of the Philippines under Article VII, Section 18 of the 1987 Constitution.[4] He also executes the President's commands, tactics, operations, plannings, and strategies, as well as serves as the Immediate Adviser to the Secretary of National Defense (Philippines) and prescribe directions to all commands (including The Commanding General of the Philippine Army, The Flag Officer-in-Command of the Philippine Navy and The Commanding General of the Philippine Air Force). Its direct equivalent in the United States Armed Forces is the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Unlike his/her United States counterpart which is merely supervisory, the AFP Chief of Staff oversees and has operational control over all military personnel of the Armed Forces.

The following is the list of Chiefs of Staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (CSAFP). The Armed Forces of the Philippines were created as a result of the December 21, 1935 National Defense Act, Commonwealth Act No. 1.[5] However, the origin of the organization can be traced back to the establishment of the Philippine Constabulary, armed Filipino forces organized in 1901 by the United States to combat the Philippine Revolutionary Forces then led by General Emilio Aguinaldo.

History[edit]

The position of the Chief of Staff has been traced from the Commanding General of the Philippine Army, when the Philippine Commonwealth Army (now The Philippine Army) was enstablished as the Main Army of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. After the defeat of the First Philippine Republic during the Philippine–American War, the United States dissolved the Army and relied on its Armed Forces together with some Filipino Troops under the Philippine Constabulary. However, under the National Defense Act of 1935, led to take on responsibilities on national defense, and led to the creation of three major commands (Army, Navy, Air Force). Since the 1960s, the rosters of the Chiefs of Staff is arranged accordingly.[6]

List of Chiefs of Staff[edit]

Philippine Revolutionary Army[edit]

Chief-of-Staff Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch
1
Artemio Ricarte
Ricarte, ArtemioCaptain General
Artemio Ricarte
(1866–1945)
[a]
22 March 189722 January 18991 year, 306 daysSeal of the Philippine Army (1897).svg
Revolutionary Army
2
Antonio Luna
Luna, AntonioGeneral
Antonio Luna
(1866–1899)
[b]
22 January 18995 June 1899 †134 daysSeal of the Philippine Army (1897).svg
Revolutionary Army
3
Emilio Aguinaldo
Aguinaldo, EmilioGeneral
Emilio Aguinaldo
(1869–1964)
[c]
5 June 189923 March 19011 year, 291 daysSeal of the Philippine Army (1897).svg
Revolutionary Army

Armed Forces of the Philippines[edit]

Chief-of-Staff Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch
1
Jose Delos Reyes
Reyes, Jose DelosMajor General
Jose Delos Reyes
21 December 19356 May 1936137 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
2
Paulino Santos
Santos, PaulinoMajor General
Paulino Santos
(1890–1945)
6 May 193631 December 19382 years, 239 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
3
Basilio Valdez
Valdez, BasilioMajor General
Basilio Valdez
1 January 19397 November 19456 years, 310 daysInsignia of the Philippine Constabulary.svg
Philippine Constabulary
4
Rafael Jalandoni
Jalandoni, RafaelMajor General
Rafael Jalandoni
21 December 194520 December 19482 years, 365 daysInsignia of the Philippine Constabulary.svg
Philippine Constabulary
5
Mariano Castañeda
Castañeda, MarianoMajor General
Mariano Castañeda
(1892–1970)
21 December 194828 May 19512 years, 158 daysInsignia of the Philippine Constabulary.svg
Philippine Constabulary
6
Calixto Duque
Duque, CalixtoMajor General
Calixto Duque
2 June 195130 December 19532 years, 211 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
7
Jesus Vargas
Vargas, JesusLieutenant General
Jesus Vargas
30 December 195329 December 19562 years, 365 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
8
Alfonso Arellano
Arellano, AlfonsoLieutenant General
Alfonso Arellano
29 December 195631 December 19582 years, 2 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
9
Manuel Cabal
Cabal, ManuelLieutenant General
Manuel Cabal
1 January 195930 December 19612 years, 363 daysInsignia of the Philippine Constabulary.svg
Philippine Constabulary
10
Pelagio A. Cruz
Cruz, Pelagio A.Lieutenant General
Pelagio A. Cruz
(1912–1986)
30 December 196131 August 1962244 daysSeal of the Philippine Air Force.svg
Philippine Air Force
11
Alfredo Santos
Santos, AlfredoGeneral
Alfredo Santos
(1905–1990)
1 September 196212 July 19652 years, 314 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
12
Rigoberto Atienza
Atienza, RigobertoGeneral
Rigoberto Atienza
13 July 196522 January 1966193 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
13
Ernesto Mata
Mata, ErnestoGeneral
Ernesto Mata
(1915–2012)
22 January 196621 January 1967364 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
14
Victor Osias
Osias, VictorGeneral
Victor Osias
21 January 196715 August 1967206 daysSeal of the Philippine Air Force.svg
Philippine Air Force
15
Segundo Velasco
Velasco, SegundoGeneral
Segundo Velasco
15 August 196727 May 1968286 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
16
Manuel T. Yan
Yan, Manuel T.General
Manuel T. Yan
(1920–2008)
[d]
28 May 196815 January 19723 years, 232 daysInsignia of the Philippine Constabulary.svg
Philippine Constabulary
17
Romeo Espino
Espino, RomeoGeneral
Romeo Espino
[e]
15 January 197215 August 19819 years, 212 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
18
Fabian Ver
Ver, FabianGeneral
Fabian Ver
(1920–1998)
[f]
15 August 198124 October 19843 years, 70 daysPhilippine Constabulary Seal (1975–1991).svg
Philippine Constabulary
19
Fidel Ramos
Ramos, FidelGeneral
Fidel Ramos
(born 1928)
24 October 19842 December 19851 year, 39 daysPhilippine Constabulary Seal (1975–1991).svg
Philippine Constabulary
(18)
Fabian Ver
Ver, FabianGeneral
Fabian Ver
(1920–1998)
2 December 198525 February 198685 daysPhilippine Constabulary Seal (1975–1991).svg
Philippine Constabulary
(19)
Fidel Ramos
Ramos, FidelGeneral
Fidel Ramos
(born 1928)
[g]
25 February 198623 January 19881 year, 332 daysPhilippine Constabulary Seal (1975–1991).svg
Philippine Constabulary
20
Renato de Villa
de Villa, RenatoGeneral
Renato de Villa
(born 1935)
[h]
25 January 198823 January 19912 years, 363 daysPhilippine Constabulary Seal (1975–1991).svg
Philippine Constabulary
21
Rodolfo Biazon
Biazon, RodolfoGeneral
Rodolfo Biazon
(born 1935)
[i]
24 January 199112 April 199178 daysSeal of the Philippine Marine Corps.svg
Philippine Marine Corps
22
Lisandro Abadia
Abadia, LisandroGeneral
Lisandro Abadia
12 April 199112 April 19943 years, 0 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
23
Arturo Enrile
Enrile, ArturoGeneral
Arturo Enrile
(1940–1998)
[j]
15 April 199428 November 1996227 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
24
Arnulfo E. Acedera
Acedera, ArnulfoGeneral
Arnulfo E. Acedera
(born 1941)
28 November 199618 December 19971 year, 20 daysSeal of the Philippine Air Force.svg
Philippine Air Force
26
Clemente Mariano
Mariano, ClementeGeneral
Clemente Mariano
18 December 199730 June 1998194 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
27
Joselino Nazareno
Nazareno, JoselinoGeneral
Joselino Nazareno
[k]
1 July 19988 July 19991 year, 7 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
28
Angelo Reyes
Reyes, AngeloGeneral
Angelo Reyes
(1945–2011)
[l]
8 July 199917 March 20011 year, 252 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
29
Diomedio Villanueva
Villanueva, DiomedioGeneral
Diomedio Villanueva
17 March 200118 May 20021 year, 62 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
30
Roy Cimatu
Cimatu, RoyGeneral
Roy Cimatu
(born 1946)
[m]
18 May 200210 September 2002115 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
31
Benjamin Defensor Jr.
Defensor, Benjamin Jr.General
Benjamin Defensor Jr.
10 September 200228 November 200279 daysSeal of the Philippine Air Force.svg
Philippine Air Force
32
Dionisio Santiago
Santiago, DionisioGeneral
Dionisio Santiago
[n]
28 November 20028 April 2003131 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
34
Narciso Abaya
Abaya, NarcisoGeneral
Narciso Abaya
8 April 200329 October 20041 year, 204 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
35
Efren Abu
Abu, EfrenGeneral
Efren Abu
29 October 200415 August 2005290 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
36
Generoso Senga
Senga, GenerosoGeneral
Generoso Senga
15 August 200522 July 2006341 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
37
Hermogenes Esperon Jr.
Esperon, Hermogenes Jr.General
Hermogenes Esperon Jr.
(born 1952)
[o]
22 July 200612 May 20081 year, 295 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
38
Alexander Yano
Yano, AlexanderGeneral
Alexander Yano
[p]
12 May 20081 May 2009354 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
39
Victor Ibrado
Ibrado, VictorGeneral
Victor Ibrado
1 May 200910 March 2010313 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
40
Delfin N. Bangit
Bangit, DelfinGeneral
Delfin N. Bangit
(1955–2013)
10 March 201022 June 2010104 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
-
Nestor Ochoa
Ochoa, NestorLieutenant General
Nestor Ochoa
Acting
22 June 201030 June 20108 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
41
Ricardo David
David, Ricardo Jr.General
Ricardo David
(born 1955)
[q]
2 July 20107 March 2011248 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
42
Eduardo Oban Jr.
Oban, Eduardo Jr.General
Eduardo Oban Jr.
(born 1955)
7 March 201112 December 2011280 daysSeal of the Philippine Air Force.svg
Philippine Air Force
43
Jessie Dellosa
Dellosa, JessieGeneral
Jessie Dellosa
(born 1957)
12 December 201120 January 20131 year, 39 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
44
Emmanuel T. Bautista
Bautista, EmmanuelGeneral
Emmanuel T. Bautista
(born 1958)
20 January 201318 July 20141 year, 179 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
45
Gregorio Pio Catapang
Catapang, Gregorio PioGeneral
Gregorio Pio Catapang
(born 1959)
[r]
18 July 201410 July 2015357 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
46
Hernando Delfin Carmelo A. Iriberri
Catapang, Gregorio PioGeneral
Hernando Delfin Carmelo A. Iriberri
(born 1960)
[7]
10 July 201522 April 2016287 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
-
Glorioso Miranda
Miranda, GloriosoLieutenant General
Glorioso Miranda
(born 1961)
Acting
22 April 201630 June 201669 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
47
Ricardo Visaya
Visaya, RicardoGeneral
Ricardo Visaya
(born 1960)
[s]
1 July 20167 December 2016159 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
48
Eduardo Año
Año, EduardoGeneral
Eduardo Año
(born 1961)
[t]
7 December 201626 October 2017323 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
49
Rey Leonardo Guerrero
Guerrero, Rey LeonardoGeneral
Rey Leonardo Guerrero
(born 1961)
[u]
26 October 201718 April 2018[9]174 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
50
Carlito Galvez Jr.
Galvez, Carlito, Jr.General
Carlito Galvez Jr.
(born 1962)
[v]
18 April 201811 December 2018237 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army
51
Benjamin Madrigal Jr.
Madrigal, Benjamin, Jr.General
Benjamin Madrigal Jr.
(born 1963)
11 December 2018Incumbent250 daysSeal of the Philippine Army.svg
Philippine Army

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ricarte was elected Captain-General by the Tejeros Convention.
  2. ^ Luna was assassinated by General Aguinaldo's men
  3. ^ Aguinaldo personally took charge after General Antonio Luna's assassination.
  4. ^ Yan served as the youngest chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines at the age of 48. Prior to that, he was the chief of the Philippine Constabulary. He currently holds the record for longest continuous government service from 1937- 2001 or 64 years of service.
  5. ^ Espino served as the Commanding General of the Philippine Army before appointed to become the top military man. Espino is the longest-serving Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines for nine years, especially during the martial law regime. A second product of the ROTC. During his term, he was fair in administering the military, unlike his successor, General Fabian Ver.
  6. ^ Ver was considered a loyalist and the second most powerful man in the country next to President Ferdinand Marcos in the later years of his authoritarian regime, replacing then Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile, who held the status since 1972 when Marcos named him as martial law administrator upon the imposition of martial law. Ver, in fact, was the most powerful military officer at that time for, aside from being the top military man, he was also the commander of the Presidential Security Command and the director-general of NISA, the Marcos regime's secret police. The third military officer appointed as chief of staff that came from ROTC. During his term, he was known for his favoritism especially in the promotion of officers.
  7. ^ Ramos then, before becoming the chief of the now defunct Philippine Constabulary in 1972, he was the commander of Philippine Army's 3rd Division in Cebu. On the 1980s he was promoted into vice-chief of staff with the rank of lieutenant general but remained as PC chief. After the EDSA revolt that ousted Marcos his cousin from power, he became the AFP chief. Later after retiring as AFP chief of staff during the term of President Corazon C. Aquino served as Secretary of National Defense and was elected the 12th President of the Republic of the Philippines in 1992 and served until 1998. He is the 2nd Army General who became the President of the Republic after Gen. Aguinaldo.
  8. ^ Prior to becoming chief of staff, in 1986, de Villa was named to be the chief of the Philippine Constabulary (now defunct), then an AFP major service acting as the country's police force while he was also named to be AFP vice-chief of staff with the rank of three-star general. Upon retirement, de Villa served as Secretary of National Defense when he retired in 1991 and ran for president but lost to Joseph Estrada and Executive Secretary under President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.
  9. ^ Biazon served in the Philippine Senate and the House of Representatives after his retirement as AFP chief of staff in 1991. He is the first and only Chief of Staff from the PMC. Prior to that, he served as the commander of the AFP NCR Defense Command in 1988 and Commandant of the Philippine Marine Corps in 1987. He had also served as the superintendent of the Philippine Military Academy in 1986.
  10. ^ Enrile later served as Secretary of the DOTC under President Fidel Ramos.
  11. ^ Later served as Ambassador to Pakistan.
  12. ^ Reyes later served as Secretary of National Defense, Secretary of DILG, Secretary of DENR, and Secretary of DOE under President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.
  13. ^ Cimatu later served as Special Envoy to the Middle East. Cimatu served as the Secretary of the DENR under President Rodrigo Roa Duterte.
  14. ^ Later served as the director-general of the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency.
  15. ^ Esperon later served as Presidential Adviser on Peace Process under President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. Esperon served as National Security Adviser under President Rodrigo Roa Duterte.
  16. ^ Yano later served as our country's Ambassador to Brunei.
  17. ^ David later served as Bureau of Immigration Commissioner under President Benigno Aquino III.
  18. ^ Later served as Bases Conversion Development Agency Board Member.
  19. ^ Later served as the Administrator of the National Irrigation Administration (NIA) under President Rodrigo Roa Duterte.[8]
  20. ^ Later served as the Secretary of the Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) under President Rodrigo Roa Duterte[7]
  21. ^ Later served as the Administrator of the Maritime Industry Authority (MARINA) and later as Commissioner of the Bureau of Customs under President Rodrigo Roa Duterte
  22. ^ Later served as the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gen. Glorioso Miranda named as acting AFP chief". CNN Philippines. 22 April 2016. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  2. ^ Macas, Trisha (7 December 2017). "Duterte extends AFP chief Guerrero's term". GMA News Online. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  3. ^ "REPUBLIC ACT NO. 8186". Chan Robles. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  4. ^ http://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/constitutions/the-1987-constitution-of-the-republic-of-the-philippines/the-1987-constitution-of-the-republic-of-the-philippines-article-vii/
  5. ^ COMMONWEALTH ACT NO. 1: The National Defense Act, Chanrobles law library, December 21, 1935, retrieved 2008-10-24
  6. ^ https://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/featured/afp-chief/
  7. ^ a b "Rebel hunter Año is new AFP chief". Rappler. 7 December 2016. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
  8. ^ "Duterte leads AFP change of command rites". Sun.Star Manila. 1 July 2016. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  9. ^ "Hello, goodbye, General Guerrero". Philippine Daily Inquirer. December 7, 2017. Retrieved December 7, 2017.

External links[edit]