Chief of Staff of the French Navy
|Chief of Staff of the French Navy
Chef d'État-Major de la Marine
Logo of the French Navy
|Member of||Chiefs of Staff Committee|
|Reports to||Minister of Defence
Chief of the Defence Staff
|Nominator||Minister of Defence|
|Appointer||President of the Republic
Require Prime Minister's countersignature
|Term length||No fixed term|
|First holder||Alfred Gervais|
The Chief of the Staff of the French Navy (French: Chef d'État-Major de la Marine, CEMM) is the head of the French Navy and is responsible to the Minister of Defence in relation to preparation and deployment.
CEMM as a naval expert, assists:
- The chef d'état-major des armées (CEMA) in the preparation of naval operations, planning, programming and the motion application of cohesiveness in consolidating future military means
- The Prime Minister of France in safeguarding France's maritime apparatus (French: l'action de l'État en mer) (missions of sauveguarde maritime (French: Sauveguarde maritime))
CEMM has authority over:
- Various naval forces command:
- Territorial organization of the navy : préfets maritime and commandants de la marine, in mainland France and overseas
- Services and organizations :
- Direction du personnel militaire de la marine (DPMM)
- Direction centrale du commissariat de la marine (DCCM)
- Direction centrale des systèmes d'information de la marine (DCSIM)
- Direction centrale du service de soutien de la flotte (DCSSF)
- Direction centrale des travaux immobiliers et maritimes (DCTIM)
- Naval aeronautical service
- Over the état-major de la marine who oversees, through the four divisions (human resources, planning, programmes and logistical operations), the general direction of La Marine.
CEMM presides over the board of directors of the hydrographic and oceanographic service of the navy (SHOM).
Le chef d’état-major de la Marine
Historic of the function
Prior First World War, the Chef d'état-major de la Marine (CEMM) is first, the Chief of the Military Cabinet of the Minister of the Navy (French: Chef du cabinet militaire du ministre de la Marine), and this mode of functioning was at origin of the utilization designation; the Military figure which had effective authority on the Navy (French: La Marine) was then, the Admiral commanding the armed naval force (French: armée navale), often designated as « amiralissime », in reference to the title of « généralissime » utilized in the French Army (French: l'Armée de terre)
The First World War replaced all these functionalities in cause, with major incorporation of various tasks in order to conduct a long term industrial maritime warfare in light of disposing and having the means to confront new menaces constituted by submarines and mine explosions: in accordance, various designated naval command directorates were put into effect, which were eventually dissolved at the end of the war.
In order to dispose of a permanent system allowing a uniform transition between times of peace - preparation periods - and times of war - action periods, the Vice-Admiral chef d'état-major général de la Marine became, in the 1920's, the designated commandant of French maritime forces in case of war, and the various functionalities of the headquarter staff (French: d'état-major) would be in such circumstances at the disposition of the major general of the navy (French: Major général de la Marine), his first adjoint in times of peace.
After the Second World War, the progressive disappearing of the portfolio of the Minister of the Navy (French: Ministre de la Marine) led to confine the prerogative of the naval minister to the Chef d’état-major de la Marine, prerogatives which were in a progressive manner adopted at the inter-arm (French: interarmées) level by the État-Major des armées and the respective chief : chef d'État-Major des armées (CEMA). CEMA accordingly inherited the direction responsibility of maritime operations from CEMM in 1971.
In the 2000's, a large part of these organic prerogatives - forces preparations - were transferred to CEMA, however, the CEMM remains the principal counselor and adviser in relation to the preparation of use of the French Navy (French: La Marine).
Chefs d’état-major de la marine
List Chefs d’état-major de la marine since 1892:
- vice-amiral Alfred Gervais : 22 January 1892
- vice-amiral Edgar Humann : 21 September 1894
- contre-amiral Charles Chauvin : 10 November 1895
- vice-amiral Jean Sallandrouze de Lamornais : 15 June 1896
- vice-amiral Jules de Cuverville : 8 July 1898
- contre-amiral Leonce Caillard : 15 July 1899
- vice-amiral Amédée Bienaime : 1 May 1900
- contre-amiral Ernest Marquer : 4 February 1902
- contre-amiral Paul Campion : 18 February 1904
- vice-amiral Charles Touchard : 3 February 1905
- contre-amiral Charles Aubert : 1 November 1905
- vice-amiral Charles Aubert : 23 May 1907
- contre-amiral Laurent Marin-Darbel : 23 August 1909
- vice-amiral Laurent Marin-Darbel : 9 September 1909
- contre-amiral Paul Auvert : 15 February 1911
- vice-amiral Paul Auvert : 28 mars 1911
- vice-amiral Charles Aubert : 1 February 1912
- vice-amiral Pierre Le Bris : 24 January 1913
- vice-amiral Louis Pivet : 20 May 1914
- vice-amiral Charles Aubert : 7 December 1914
- vice-amiral Marie de Fauques de Jonquieres : 2 May 1915
- vice-amiral Ferdinand De Bon : 10 March 1916
- vice-amiral Pierre Ronarc'h : 17 May 1919
- vice-amiral Henri Salaun : 1 February 1920
- vice-amiral Maurice Grasset : 1 February 1921
- vice-amiral Henri Salaun : 22 July 1924
- vice-amiral Louis Violette : 1 January 1928
- vice-amiral Georges Durand-Viel : 16 February 1931
- vice-amiral François Darlan : 1 January 1937
- amiral de la Flotte François Darlan : 24 June 1939
- contre-amiral Gabriel Auphan : August 1941
- vice-amiral d'escadre André Lemonier : 6 June 1943
- vice-amiral Robert Battet : 31 May 1950
- vice-amiral d'escadre Robert Lambert : 18 August 1950
- vice-amiral d'escadre Henry Nomy : 26 October 1951
- amiral Henry Nomy: 1 September 1953
- amiral Georges Cabanier : 1 July 1960
- amiral André Patou : 1 January 1968
- amiral André Storelli : 1 May 1970
- amiral Marc de Joybert : 1 February 1972
- amiral Albert Joire-Noulens : 14 July 1974
- amiral Jean-René Lannuzel : 1 August 1976
- amiral Yves Leenhardt : 1 August 1982
- amiral Bernard Louzeau : 30 January 1987
- amiral Alain Coatanéa : 20 November 1990
- amiral Jean-Charles Lefebvre : 1 July 1994
- amiral Jean-Luc Delaunay : 2 May 1999
- amiral Jean-Louis Battet : 1 July 2001
- amiral Alain Oudot de Dainville : 15 June 2005
- amiral Pierre-François Forissier : 4 February 2008
- amiral Bernard Rogel : 12 September 2011
- amiral Christophe Prazuck : 13 July 2016
- Chief of Staff of the French Army (French: Chef d'État-Major de l'Armée de Terre, CEMAT)
- Chief of Staff of the French Air Force (French: Chef d'État-Major de l'Armée de l'Air, CEMAA)
- généralissime had for vocation to assume command of the armies of the North-East, destined to defend the French frontiers in that geographical zone, in case of war.
- In title of comparison, the French Army and French Air Force had their direction responsibility of operations transferred to CEMA ten years earlier in 1961.
- On the "Mer et Marine" site "Les Chefs d'Etat-Major de la Marine". Retrieved 19 December 2008.
- From 26 August 1939 to 6 June 1943 the structure of the La Marine did not include a general headquarter staff (French: état-major general), however, a general headquarter staff of maritime forces (French: état-major des forces maritimes françaises) had lieu in place which was the office for the duration of the war. Admiral Darlan became then the commander-in-chief of French maritime forces (French: commandant en chef des forces maritimes françaises) before being called upon to serve other functions in February 1941 in the France of Vichy. Darlan then sided with the Allies on November 1942.
- On November 11 1942, gave orders to the fleet to scuttle itself, order executed November 27 1942. He resigned from his functions on November 18 1942.
- Admiral Lemonier was designated to this post by the French Committee of National Liberation (French: comité français de Libération nationale), which came after the French National Committee (French: comité national français) in June 1943, the exile government of Free France. Accordingly, the Free French Naval Forces (French: Forces navales françaises libres) and the French Navy of North Africa (French: Marine française d’Afrique du Nord), under the impulsion of général de Gaulle, Henri Giraud, then French Military and Civilian Commander-in-Chief (French: commandant en chef français civil et militaire) and the major general of the latter, Admiral Philippe Auboyneau.