Chief of Staff of the United States Army
|Chief of Staff of the United States Army
Flag of the Chief of Staff of the Army
|Department of the Army
The Army Staff
|Member of||Joint Chiefs of Staff|
|Reports to||Secretary of Defense
Secretary of the Army
|Seat||The Pentagon, Arlington County, Virginia, U.S.|
with Senate advice and consent
|Term length||4 years
|Constituting instrument||10 U.S.C. § 3033|
|Precursor||Commanding General of the Army|
|Formation||August 15, 1903|
|First holder||LTG Samuel B. M. Young|
|Deputy||Vice Chief of Staff of the Army|
The Chief of Staff of the Army (CSA) is a statutory office (10 U.S.C. § 3033) held by a four-star general in the United States Army. As the most senior uniformed officer assigned to serve in the Department of the Army, the CSA is the principal military advisor and a deputy to the Secretary of the Army. In a separate capacity, the CSA is a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (10 U.S.C. § 151) and, thereby, a military advisor to the National Security Council, the Secretary of Defense, and the President of the United States. The CSA is typically the highest-ranking officer on active-duty in the U.S. Army unless the Chairman and/or the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff are Army officers.
The Chief of Staff of the Army is an administrative position based in the Pentagon. While the CSA does not have operational command authority over Army forces proper (which is within the purview of the Combatant Commanders who report to the Secretary of Defense), the CSA does exercise supervision of army units and organizations as the designee of the Secretary of the Army.
The current Chief of Staff of the Army is General Mark A. Milley.
The senior leadership of the Department of the Army consists of two civilians, the Secretary of the Army (Head of the department and subordinate to the Secretary of Defense) and the Under Secretary of the Army, and two military officers, the Chief of Staff of the Army and the Vice Chief of Staff of the Army.
The Chief of Staff reports directly to the Secretary of the Army for army matters and assists in the Secretary's external affairs functions, including presenting and enforcing army policies, plans, and projections. The CSA also directs the Inspector General of the Army to perform inspections and investigations as required. In addition, the CSA presides over the Army Staff and represents army capabilities, requirements, policy, plans, and programs in Joint fora. Under delegation of authority made by the Secretary of the Army, the CSA designates army personnel and army resources to the Commanders of the Combatant Commands. The CSA performs all other functions enumerated in 10 U.S.C. § 3033 under the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of the Army, or delegates those duties and responsibilities to other officers in his administration in his name. Like the other service counterparts, the CSA has no operational command authority over army forces, dating back to the passage of the Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1958. The CSA is served by a number of Deputy Chiefs of Staff of the Army, such as G-1, Personnel. The CSA base pay is $21,147.30 per month plus Personal Money Allowance (Monthly Amount) of $333.33, basic allowance for subsistence of $253.38, basic allowance for housing from $50.70–1923.30.
Prior to 1903, the senior military officer in the army was the Commanding General, who reported to the Secretary of War. From 1864 to 1865, Major General Henry Halleck (who had previously been Commanding General) served as "Chief of Staff of the Army" under the Commanding General, Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant, thus serving in a different office and not as the senior officer in the army.
List of Chiefs of Staff of the Army (1903–present)
The rank listed is the rank when serving in the office.
|#||Name||Photo||Term began||Term ended||Notes|
|1.||LTG Samuel B. M. Young||August 15, 1903||January 8, 1904||Retired upon reaching mandatory retirement age of 64.|
|2.||LTG Adna Chaffee||August 19, 1904||January 14, 1906||Resigned position; retired in February at own request, shortly before reaching mandatory retirement age of 64.|
|3.||LTG John C. Bates||January 15, 1906||April 13, 1906||Last Civil War veteran to serve as Chief of Staff. Retired in April 1906 at own request, shortly before reaching mandatory retirement age of 64.|
|4.||MG J. Franklin Bell||April 14, 1906||April 21, 1910||Commanded several divisions and departments after serving as Chief of Staff. Died while commanding Department of the East during World War I.|
|5.||MG Leonard Wood||April 22, 1910||April 21, 1914||Commanded divisions and departments, including organizing and training two divisions for combat in World War I. Retired in 1921.|
|6.||MG William W. Wotherspoon||April 22, 1914||November 16, 1914||Retired upon reaching mandatory retirement age of 64.|
|7.||MG Hugh L. Scott||November 17, 1914||September 22, 1917||Retired upon reaching mandatory retirement age of 64. Recalled to active duty for World War I; commanded a division during its organization and training before retiring again in 1919.|
|8.||GEN Tasker H. Bliss||September 23, 1917||May 19, 1918||Retired upon reaching mandatory retirement age of 64 in 1917. Continued on active duty to remain Chief of Staff during World War I; served as U.S. representative on Supreme War Council and as U.S. representative during post-war Paris Peace Conference. Retired again in 1920.|
|9.||GEN Peyton C. March||May 20, 1918||June 30, 1921||Retired at own request in 1921.|
|10.||GAS John J. Pershing||July 1, 1921||September 13, 1924||Last Indian Wars veteran to serve as Chief of Staff. Retired from active military service upon reaching age 64 in 1924.|
|11.||GEN John L. Hines||September 14, 1924||November 20, 1926||Commanded IX Corps Area and Department of the Philippines; retired upon reaching mandatory retirement age of 64 in 1932.|
|12.||GEN Charles P. Summerall||November 21, 1926||November 20, 1930||Last Spanish-American War veteran to serve as Chief of Staff. Placed on extended leave until reaching mandatory retirement age of 64 in 1931.|
|13.||GEN Douglas MacArthur||November 21, 1930||October 1, 1935||Supervised creation of Philippines Army. Retired in 1937, and continued to serve in the Philippines as military advisor to the president. Recalled to active duty in 1941; led defense of the Philippines during World War II, and then commanded Southwest Pacific Area. Served in post-war Japan, and led initial U.S. effort during Korean War. Relieved of command and retired from active military service in 1951.|
|14.||GEN Malin Craig||October 2, 1935||August 31, 1939||Retired upon reaching mandatory retirement age of 64 in 1939; recalled to active duty for World War II as head of the War Department Personnel Board.|
|15.||GA George C. Marshall||September 1, 1939||November 18, 1945||Attained mandatory retirement age of 64 in 1944, but continued to serve as Chief of Staff. Relieved from active military duties in November 1945.|
|16.||GA Dwight D. Eisenhower||November 19, 1945||February 6, 1948||Relieved from active military duties in 1948. Recalled to active duty in 1951 to serve as first Supreme Allied Commander Europe. Retired in May 1952 upon becoming a candidate for President of the United States. Returned to the active rolls as a General of the Army in 1961, with no assigned duties.|
|17.||GA Omar Bradley||February 7, 1948||August 15, 1949||Resigned to become first Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff|
|18.||GEN J. Lawton Collins||August 16, 1949||August 14, 1953||US Representative to NATO from 1953 to 1954. Special representative of the United States in Vietnam from 1954 to 1955. US representative to NATO from 1955 until reaching mandatory retirement age of 60 in 1956.|
|19.||GEN Matthew B. Ridgway||August 15, 1953||June 29, 1955||Last World War I veteran to serve as Chief of Staff. Retired in June 1955, declining age waiver that would have allowed him to complete full term.|
|20.||GEN Maxwell D. Taylor||June 30, 1955||June 30, 1959||Retired in 1959. Recalled to active duty in 1961 to serve as Military Representative to the President. Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1962 to 1964. Retired in 1964 to become United States Ambassador to South Vietnam.|
|21.||GEN Lyman L. Lemnitzer||July 1, 1959||September 30, 1960||Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1960 to 1962. Supreme Allied Commander of NATO, 1963 to 1969. Retired upon reaching mandatory retirement age of 60 in 1969.|
|22.||GEN George H. Decker||October 1, 1960||September 30, 1962||Retired upon reaching mandatory retirement age of 60 in 1962.|
|23.||GEN Earle G. Wheeler||October 1, 1962||July 2, 1964||Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1964 to 1970, including waiver to serve beyond mandatory retirement age of 60. Retired in 1970.|
|24.||GEN Harold K. Johnson||July 3, 1964||July 2, 1968||Retired at end of term.|
|25.||GEN William C. Westmoreland||July 3, 1968||June 30, 1972||Retired at end of term.|
|GEN Bruce Palmer, Jr.||July 1, 1972||October 11, 1972||Acting Chief of Staff. Resumed duties as Vice Chief of Staff upon appointment of Creighton W. Abrams as Chief of Staff. Commander, United States Readiness Command, 1973 to 1974. Retired in 1974.|
|26.||GEN Creighton W. Abrams||October 12, 1972||September 4, 1974||Died in office.|
|27.||GEN Frederick C. Weyand||October 3, 1974||September 30, 1976||Retired upon reaching mandatory retirement age of 60.|
|28.||GEN Bernard W. Rogers||October 1, 1976||June 21, 1979||Last World War II veteran to serve as Chief of Staff. Supreme Allied Commander Europe, 1979 to 1987, including waiver to continue service past age 60. Retired in 1987.|
|29.||GEN Edward C. Meyer||June 22, 1979||June 21, 1983||Last Korean War veteran to serve as Chief of Staff. Retired at end of term.|
|30.||GEN John A. Wickham, Jr.||July 23, 1983||June 23, 1987||Retired at end of term.|
|31.||GEN Carl E. Vuono||June 23, 1987||June 21, 1991||Retired at end of term.|
|32.||GEN Gordon R. Sullivan||June 21, 1991||June 20, 1995||Retired at end of term.|
|33.||GEN Dennis J. Reimer||June 20, 1995||June 21, 1999||Retired at end of term.|
|34.||GEN Eric K. Shinseki||June 21, 1999||June 11, 2003||Last Vietnam War veteran to serve as Chief of Staff. Retired at end of term.|
|35.||GEN Peter J. Schoomaker||August 1, 2003||April 10, 2007||Retired in 2000. Recalled to active duty to serve as Chief of Staff. Retired again at end of term.|
|36.||GEN George W. Casey, Jr.||April 10, 2007||April 10, 2011||Retired at end of term.|
|37.||GEN Martin E. Dempsey||April 11, 2011||September 7, 2011||Term shortened due to appointment as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff|
|38.||GEN Raymond T. Odierno||September 7, 2011||August 14, 2015||Retired at end of term.|
|39.||GEN Mark A. Milley||August 14, 2015||Incumbent|
- Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army
- Army Staff Senior Warrant Officer
- Sergeant Major of the Army
- "General George Casey - Chief of Staff Army". Archived from the original on September 11, 2007. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
- Law.cornell.edu, 10 USC 165. Combatant commands: administration and support
- Law.cornell.edu, 10 USC 3033. Chief of Staff
- "Unified Quest (UQ)."
- "Unified Quest 2012."
- "Unified Quest 2011 Combined Arms Maneuver and Wide Area Security Tabletop Wargame."
- Historical Resources Branch, United States Army Center of Military History
- Bell, William Gardner (2005) . "Appendix B: Chronological List of Senior Officers of the United States Army". Commanding Generals and Chiefs of Staff 1775-2005: Portraits & Biographical Sketches of the United States Army's Senior Officer. United States Army Center of Military History. ISBN 0-16-072376-0. CMH Pub 70-14.
- Bell, William Gardner (2005). Commanding Generals and Chiefs of Staff 1775-2005:Portraits & Biographical Sketches of the United States Army's Senior Officer. Washington, D.C.: United States Army Center of Military History. ISBN 0-16-072376-0. CMH Pub 70–14.
- Watson, Mark Skinner. Chief of Staff: Prewar Plans and Preparations. United States Army in World War II. Washington D.C.: United States Army Center of Military History. - full text