Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers

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Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers of Argentina
Jefe de Gabinete de Ministros de la Nación Argentina
Jefgabinetearg.png
Manzur y Trotta (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Juan Manzur

since 20 September 2021
Government of Argentina
StyleMr. Chief of the Cabinet
Reports toPresident of Argentina and Argentine National Congress
SeatEdificio Somisa, Buenos Aires[1]
AppointerAlberto Fernández as President of the Argentine Nation
Term lengthNo fixed term
At the President's behest
Constituting instrumentArgentine Constitution of 1853
(1994 amendment)
Inaugural holderEduardo Bauzá
Formation8 July 1995; 26 years ago (1995-07-08)
Salary$ 312,657.00 annually (2020)[2]
Websiteargentina.gob.ar/jefatura

The Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Argentine Nation (Spanish: Jefe de Gabinete de Ministros de la Nación Argentina; JGM), more commonly known simply as the Cabinet Chief (Spanish: Jefe de Gabinete) is a ministerial office within the government of Argentina tasked with overseeing the government's general administration and acting as a link between the national executive and the Argentine National Congress.[3] The position was created by the 1994 amendment to the Argentine Constitution.

The Cabinet Chief is not a prime minister, as in Argentina's presidential democracy the role of head of government is still bestowed upon the president.[4] However, the Cabinet Chief is still constitutionally obligated to give account of the general course of the government's policies before Congress, and may be removed through a vote of no confidence (moción de censura) with an absolute majority in both chambers of Congress.[5]

The current Cabinet Chief is Juan Manzur, who was sworn in on 20 September 2021 by President Alberto Fernández.[6]

History[edit]

The office of the Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers was established by the 1994 amendment to the Argentine Constitution.[3] It was part of the agreements brokered by the two largest parties in Argentina at the time, the Justicialist Party (PJ) and the Radical Civic Union (UCR), in what is now known as the Pact of Olivos; the UCR, then led by former president Raúl Alfonsin, sought to reduce the significant political powers of the Presidency and shift towards a parliamentary system.[4][7] In the end, however, the overarching nature of Argentina's political system following the reform remained decidedly presidential, as the Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers acts more as an extension of the President to whom the head of state may delegate a certain number of responsibilities, while also being constitutionally obligated to report to the National Congress.[4][8]

The first Cabinet Chief was Eduardo Bauzá, who was appointed on 8 July 1995 by President Carlos Saúl Menem.[9]

Attributions[edit]

The attributions of the Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers are established by the articles 100 and 101 of the Constitution of Argentina. Most of his duties are related to organize the work of the other Ministers, or to its intermediary role between the Executive Power and the Argentine National Congress.

To detail in full the powers and duties of the Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers of Argentina under Articles 100 and 101 of the Constitution to quote:

Second Part: Authorities of the Nation

Chapter IV

The Chief of the Ministerial Cabinet and other Ministers of the Executive Power

Section 100.- The Chief of the Ministerial Cabinet and the other secretary ministers, whose number and powers shall be determined by a special law, shall be in charge of the business of the Nation and shall countersign and legalize the acts of the President with their signatures, without which said acts are void.

The Chief of the Ministerial Cabinet, politically liable before the National Congress, is empowered:


1.- To exercise the general administration of the country.

2.- To perform the acts and issue the rules necessary to exercise the powers granted by this section as well as those delegated by the President of the Nation, being countersigned by the pertinent secretary minister to which the act or rule refers.

3.- To appoint the employees of the Administration, except for those pertaining to the President.

4.- To exercise the functions and powers delegated to him by the President of the Nation and, with the consent of the Cabinet, to decide about matters that the Executive Power may indicate to him or, on his own account, about those he deems it necessary due to their importance, within the scope of his jurisdiction.

5.- To coordinate, prepare and convoke the meetings of the ministerial cabinet, presiding at them in the absence of the President.

6.- To submit to Congress the bills on Ministries and National Budget, with the prior consent of the Cabinet and the approval of the Executive Power.

7.- To have the revenues of the Nation collected and to enforce the National Budget Act.

8.- To countersign regulatory decrees of the laws, decrees to extend the ordinary legislative session of Congress or to convoke to an extraordinary one, and the messages of the President supporting legislative initiatives.

9.- To attend the meetings of Congress and take part in its debates, but not to vote.

10.- Once the ordinary legislative session of Congress has begun, to submit together with the other ministers a detailed report on the state of the Nation regarding the business of the respective departments.

11.- To give such oral and written reports and explanations that either of the Houses may request from the Executive Power.

12.- To countersign decrees about powers delegated by Congress, which shall be under the control of the Joint Standing Committee.

13.- To countersign, together with the other ministers, decrees of necessity and urgency and decrees on partial promulgation of laws. Within ten days of their approval, he shall personally submit these decrees to the consideration of the Joint Standing Committee.

The Chief of the Ministerial Cabinet shall not be simultaneously appointed to another ministry.

Section 101.- The Chief of the Ministerial Cabinet shall attend Congress at least once a month, alternating between each House, to report on the progress of the government, notwithstanding the provisions of Section 71. He may be interpellated for the purpose of considering a vote of censure, by the vote of the absolute majority of all the members of either House, and he may be removed by the vote of the absolute majority of the members of each House.

[10]

Headquarters[edit]

The office of the Cabinet Chief is located at the Somisa Building (officially known as the "Teniente General Castiñeiras" building), former headquarters of the Sociedad Mixta Siderúrgica Argentina (SOMISA), a state-owned metallurgy company created in 1972.[11] Following the privatization of Somisa in 1993, the building was acquired by the national government to be used as the headquarters of the newly created Cabinet Chief's office. The building, designed in the modernist style by Mario Roberto Álvarez, was built from 1966 to 1977 and was the first building in Argentina to be made entirely out of 3 mm steel sheets and to be fully welded.[12] It is located on Julio Argentino Roca Avenue in the Monserrat barrio of Buenos Aires.

List of Chiefs of the Cabinet of Ministers[edit]

# Portrait Name Term of office Political party President
1 Eduardo Bauzá.jpg Eduardo Bauzá 8 July 1995 5 June 1996 Justicialist Party Carlos Menem
2 Jorge Alberto Rodríguez.jpg Jorge Rodríguez 5 June 1996 10 December 1999 Justicialist Party
3 Rodolfo Terragno (cropped).jpg Rodolfo Terragno 10 December 1999 6 October 2000 Radical Civic Union Fernando de la Rúa
4 Coat of arms of Argentina.svg Chrystian Colombo 6 October 2000 20 December 2001 Radical Civic Union
5 Humberto Schiavoni.jpg Humberto Schiavoni 20 December 2001 23 December 2001 Justicialist Party Ramón Puerta
6 Jorge Obeid (HCDN).jpg Jorge Obeid 23 December 2001 30 December 2001 Justicialist Party Adolfo Rodríguez Saá
7 Antonio Cafiero en 1975.jpg Antonio Cafiero 30 December 2001 2 January 2002 Justicialist Party Eduardo Camaño
8 Jorge Milton Capitanich.jpg Jorge Capitanich 2 January 2002 3 May 2002 Justicialist Party Eduardo Duhalde
9 Alfredo Atanasof.jpg Alfredo Atanasof 3 May 2002 25 May 2003 Justicialist Party
10 AFernandez.jpg Alberto Fernández 25 May 2003 23 July 2008 Justicialist Party Néstor Kirchner
Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
11 Sergio Massa (1).jpg Sergio Massa 23 July 2008 7 July 2009 Justicialist Party
12 Aníbal Fernández (2011).jpg Aníbal Fernández 7 July 2009 10 December 2011 Justicialist Party
13 JuanManuelAbalMedina.jpg Juan Manuel Abal Medina Jr. 10 December 2011 20 December 2013 Justicialist Party
14 Jorge Milton Capitanich.jpg Jorge Capitanich 20 December 2013 26 February 2015 Justicialist Party
15 Aníbal Fernández (2011).jpg Aníbal Fernández 26 February 2015 10 December 2015 Justicialist Party
16 Marcos Peña 2016 (cropped).jpg Marcos Peña 10 December 2015 10 December 2019 Republican Proposal Mauricio Macri
17 Santiago Cafiero.jpg Santiago Cafiero 10 December 2019 20 September 2021 Justicialist Party Alberto Fernandez
18 Manzur y Trotta (cropped).jpg Juan Manzur 20 September 2021 present Justicialist Party

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Un incendio afectó a la Jefatura de Gabinete". Infobae (in Spanish). 25 February 2016. Retrieved 4 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Asignación Salarial de las Autoridades del Poder Ejecutivo Nacional 2020". datos.gob.ar (in Spanish). 23 November 2020. Retrieved 4 December 2020.
  3. ^ a b Lozano, Luis. "Jefe de Gabinete". Honorable Cámara de Diputados de la Nación (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 December 2020.
  4. ^ a b c Serrafero, Mario (October 2003). "La Jefatura de Gabinete y las crisis políticas: el caso De la Rúa" [The Office of the Cabinet Chief and political crises: the De la Rúa case] (PDF). Revista SAAP (in Spanish). 1 (2): 247–272. ISSN 1666-7883. Retrieved 4 December 2020.
  5. ^ Article 101 of the Constitution of Argentina (15 December 1994)
  6. ^ "Nuevo Gabinete: Manzur será el jefe de Ministros y Wado de Pedro sigue en Interior". elDiarioar (in Spanish). 17 September 2021. Retrieved 19 September 2021.
  7. ^ Rivero, Pablo (21 August 2014). "La Constitución reformada cumple 20 años". Parlamentario (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 December 2020.
  8. ^ Serrafero, Mario (1999). "Presidencialismo argentino: ¿atenuado o reforzado?" [Argentine presidentialism: weakened or strengthened?] (PDF). Araucaria (in Spanish). 1 (2). ISSN 1575-6823. Retrieved 4 December 2020.
  9. ^ Badaloni, Roxana (17 February 2019). "Falleció Eduardo Bauzá, ex ministro de Carlos Menem y el primer Jefe de Gabinete de la historia". Clarín (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 December 2020.
  10. ^ "Congreso de la Nación Argentina". Congress of the Argentine Nation. Retrieved 19 September 2018. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  11. ^ "Bello gigante de acero". Clarín (in Spanish). 31 January 2011. Retrieved 4 December 2020.
  12. ^ Jurado, Miguel; González Montaner, Berto (12 February 2015). "Edificio Somisa: de ícono moderno a Monumento Histórico Nacional". Clarín (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 December 2020.

External links[edit]