Chief of the General Staff (Russia)

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Chief of the General Staff
Russian: Начальник Генерального штаба
Flag of Russia's Chief of Staff.svg
Flag of the Chief of the General Staff
Генерал армии Герасимов Валерий Васильевич.jpg
Incumbent
Army General Valery Gerasimov

since 9 November 2012
Russian Armed Forces
Member ofGeneral Staff of the Armed Forces
Reports toMinister of Defence of the Russian Federation
AppointerPresident of Russia
Term lengthNo fixed length
Formation9 August 1812 (historical)
10 June 1992 (current)
First holderGeneral-Adjutant Pavel Gagarin
DeputyColonel General Nikolai Bogdanovsky
WebsiteOfficial Website

The Chief of the General Staff (Russian: Начальник Генерального штаба / Nachal'nik General'nogo shtaba) is the chief of staff of the General Staff of the Russian Armed Forces. He is appointed by the President of Russia, who is the Supreme Commander-in-Chief. The position dates to the period of the Russian Empire. The current Chief of the General Staff is Army General Valery Gerasimov.

List of chiefs of the general staff[edit]

Imperial Russian Army (1812–1917)[edit]

Director of the Inspection Department of the Ministry of War Took office Left office Time in office
1
Pavel Gavrilovich Gagarin [ru]
Gagarin, PavelGeneral-Adjutant
Pavel Gavrilovich Gagarin [ru]
(1777–1850)
9 August 181213 December 18142 years, 126 days
2
Andrey Kleinmikhel [ru]
Kleinmikhel, AndreyLieutenant General
Andrey Kleinmikhel [ru]
(1757–1815)
13 December 181425 June 1815194 days
Chief of the Main Staff Took office Left office Time in office
1
Fyodor Geyden
Geyden, FyodorGeneral-Adjutant
Lieutenant General
Fyodor Geyden
(1821–1900)
1 January 186622 May 188115 years, 141 days
2
Nikolai Obruchev
Obruchev, NikolaiLieutenant General
General of the Infantry
Nikolai Obruchev
(1830–1904)
10 June 188131 December 189716 years, 204 days
3
Viktor Sakharov
Sakharov, ViktorLieutenant General
Viktor Sakharov
(1848–1905)
20 January 189811 March 19046 years, 51 days
4
Pyotr Frolov
Frolov, PyotrLieutenant General
Pyotr Frolov
(1852–?)
11 March 190428 June 19051 year, 109 days
Chief of the General Directorate of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office
1
Fedor Palitsin
Palitsin, FedorGeneral of the Cavalry
Fedor Palitsin
(1851–1923)
28 June 19052 December 1908157 days
2
Vladimir Sukhomlinov
Sukhomlinov, VladimirGeneral of the Cavalry
Vladimir Sukhomlinov
(1848–1926)
2 December 190811 March 190999 days
3
Aleksander Myshlayevsky
Myshlayevsky, AleksanderGeneral of the Infantry
Aleksander Myshlayevsky
(1856–1920)
11 March 1909September 19095 months
4
Evgeny Gerngross
Gerngross, EvgenyLieutenant General
Evgeny Gerngross
(1855–1912)
September 190922 February 19111 year, 5 months
5
Yakov Zhilinsky
Zhilinskiy, YakovGeneral of the Cavalry
Yakov Zhilinsky
(1853–1918)
22 February 19114 March 19143 years, 10 days
6
Nikolai Yanushkevich
Yanushkevich, NikolaiMajor General
Nikolai Yanushkevich
(1868–1918)
5 March 19141 August 1914149 days
7
Mikhail Belyaev
Belyaev, MikhailMajor General
Mikhail Belyaev
(1863–1918)
1 August 191410 August 19162 years, 9 days
8
Pyotr Averyanov
Averyanov, PyotrLieutenant General
Pyotr Averyanov
(1867–1937)
10 August 191615 May 1917278 days
9
Ivan Romanovsky
Romanovsky, IvanLieutenant General
Ivan Romanovsky
(1877–1920)
18 July 191726 September 1917134 days
10
Vladimir Marouchevsky
Marushevsky, VladimirMajor General
Vladimir Marouchevsky
(1874–1952)
26 September 191723 November 191758 days

Council of People's Commissars on War and Navy Affairs (1917–1918)[edit]

Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office
1
Nikolay Potapov
Potapov, NikolayMajor General
Nikolay Potapov
(1871–1946)
23 November 19178 May 1918166 days

Revolutionary Military Council of the Republic (1918–1921)[edit]

Chief of the All-Russian Main Staff Took office Left office Time in office
1
Nikolai Stogov
Stogov, NikolaiLieutenant General
Nikolai Stogov
(1873–1959)
8 May 19182 August 19191 year, 86 days
2
Alexander Andreyevich Svechin
Svechin, Alexander AndreyevichMajor General
Alexander Andreyevich Svechin
(1878–1938)
2 August 191922 October 191981 days
3
Nikolay Rattel
Rattel, NikolayMajor General
Nikolay Rattel
(1875–1939)
22 October 191910 February 19211 year, 111 days
Chief of the Field Staff Took office Left office Time in office
1
Nikolay Rattel
Rattel, NikolayMajor General
Nikolay Rattel
(1875–1939)
6 September 191821 October 191845 days
2
Fyodor Kostyayev
Kostyayev, FyodorMajor General
Fyodor Kostyayev
(1878–1925)
21 October 191818 June 1919240 days
3
Mikhail Dmitriyevich Bonch-Bruyevich
Bonch-Bruyevich, Mikhail DmitriyevichMajor General
Mikhail Dmitriyevich Bonch-Bruyevich
(1870–1956)
18 June 191922 July 191934 days
4
Pavel Lebedev
Lebedev, PavelMajor General
Pavel Lebedev
(1872–1933)
22 July 191910 February 19211 year, 203 days

Red Army (1921–1946)[edit]

† denotes people who died in office.

Chief of the Staff Took office Left office Time in office
1
Pavel Lebedev
Lebedev, PavelMajor General
Pavel Lebedev
(1872–1933)
10 February 1921April 19243 years, 1 month
2
Mikhail Frunze
Frunze, MikhailMajor General
Mikhail Frunze
(1885–1925)
April 1924January 19259 months
3
Sergei Kamenev
Kamenev, SergeiKomandarm 1st rank
Sergei Kamenev
(1881–1936)
January 1925November 192510 months
4
Mikhail Tukhachevsky
Tukhachevsky, MikhailMarshal of the Soviet Union
Mikhail Tukhachevsky
(1893–1937)
November 1925May 19282 years, 6 months
5
Boris Shaposhnikov
Shaposhnikov, BorisKomandarm 1st rank
Boris Shaposhnikov
(1882–1945)
May 1928April 19312 years, 11 months
6
Vladimir Triandafillov
Triandafillov, VladimirGeneral
Vladimir Triandafillov
(1894–1931)
[a]
May 193112 July 1931 †2 months
7
Alexander Ilyich Yegorov
Yegorov, Alexander IlyichMarshal of the Soviet Union
Alexander Ilyich Yegorov
(1883–1939)
July 1931September 19354 years, 2 months
Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office
1
Alexander Ilyich Yegorov
Yegorov, Alexander IlyichMarshal of the Soviet Union
Alexander Ilyich Yegorov
(1883–1939)
September 193510 May 19371 year, 8 months
2
Boris Shaposhnikov
Shaposhnikov, BorisMarshal of the Soviet Union
Boris Shaposhnikov
(1882–1945)
10 May 1937August 19403 years, 2 months
3
Kirill Meretskov
Shaposhnikov, BorisArmy General
Kirill Meretskov
(1897–1968)
August 1940January 19415 months
4
Georgy Zhukov
Zhukov, GeorgyArmy General
Georgy Zhukov
(1896–1974)
February 194129 July 19415 months
(2)
Boris Shaposhnikov
Shaposhnikov, BorisMarshal of the Soviet Union
Boris Shaposhnikov
(1882–1945)
29 July 194111 May 1942286 days
5
Aleksandr Vasilevsky
Vasilevsky, AleksandrMarshal of the Soviet Union
Aleksandr Vasilevsky
(1895–1977)
26 June 1942February 19452 years, 7 months
6
Aleksei Antonov
Antonov, AlekseiArmy General
Aleksei Antonov
(1896–1962)
February 194522 March 19461 year, 1 month

Soviet Armed Forces (1946–1991)[edit]

† denotes people who died in office.

Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office
1
Aleksandr Vasilevsky
Vasilevsky, AleksandrMarshal of the Soviet Union
Aleksandr Vasilevsky
(1895–1977)
22 March 1946November 19482 years, 7 months
2
Sergei Shtemenko
Shtemenko, SergeiArmy General
Sergei Shtemenko
(1907–1976)
November 1948June 19523 years, 7 months
3
Vasily Sokolovsky
Sokolovsky, VasilyMarshal of the Soviet Union
Vasily Sokolovsky
(1897–1968)
June 1952April 19607 years, 10 months
4
Matvei Zakharov
Zakharov, MatveiMarshal of the Soviet Union
Matvei Zakharov
(1898–1972)
April 1960March 19632 years, 11 months
5
Sergey Biryuzov
Biryuzov, SergeyMarshal of the Soviet Union
Sergey Biryuzov
(1904–1964)
[a]
March 196319 October 1964 †1 year, 7 months
(4)
Matvei Zakharov
Zakharov, MatveiMarshal of the Soviet Union
Matvei Zakharov
(1898–1972)
November 1964September 19716 years, 9 months
6
Viktor Kulikov
Kulikov, ViktorMarshal of the Soviet Union
Viktor Kulikov
(1921–2013)
September 19717 January 19775 years, 4 months
7
Nikolai Ogarkov
Ogarkov, NikolaiMarshal of the Soviet Union
Nikolai Ogarkov
(1917–1994)
[1]
7 January 19776 September 19847 years, 238 days
8
Sergey Akhromeyev
Akhromeyev, SergeyMarshal of the Soviet Union
Sergey Akhromeyev
(1923–1991)
[1]
6 September 19842 November 19884 years, 62 days
9
Mikhail Moiseev
Moiseev, MikhailColonel General
Army General
Mikhail Moiseev
(born 1939)
December 198823 August 19912 years, 8 months
10
Vladimir Lobov
Lobov, VladimirArmy General
Vladimir Lobov
(born 1935)
25 August 199125 December 1991122 days

Russian Armed Forces (1992–present)[edit]

† denotes people who died in office.

Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office
1
Viktor Dubynin
Dubynin, ViktorArmy General
Viktor Dubynin
(1943–1992)
10 June 199222 November 1992 †165 days
2
Mikhail Kolesnikov
Kolesnikov, MikhailArmy General
Mikhail Kolesnikov
(1939–2007)
22 November 199218 October 19963 years, 331 days
3
Viktor Samsonov
Samsonov, ViktorArmy General
Viktor Samsonov
(born 1941)
18 October 199622 May 1997216 days
4
Anatoly Kvashnin
Kvashnin, AnatolyColonel General
Army General
Anatoly Kvashnin
(born 1946)
22 May 199719 July 20047 years, 58 days
5
Yuri Baluyevsky
Baluyevsky, YuriArmy General
Yuri Baluyevsky
(born 1947)
19 July 20043 June 20083 years, 320 days
6
Nikolai Makarov
Makarov, NikolaiArmy General
Nikolai Makarov
(born 1949)
3 June 20089 November 20124 years, 159 days
7
Valery Gerasimov
Gerasimov, ValeryColonel General
Army General
Valery Gerasimov
(born 1955)
9 November 2012Incumbent6 years, 164 days

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Died in a plane crash.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Garthoff, Raymond L. (1994). The Great Transition: American-Soviet Relations and the End of the Cold War. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution. p. 186. ISBN 0-8157-3060-8. The decision was taken at the regular Politburo meeting [on 6 September] and appeared to have been sudden

Further reading[edit]

  • V.I. Feskov, K.A. Kalashnikov, V.I. Golikov, The Soviet Army in the Years of the Cold War 1945–91, Tomsk University Publishing House, Tomsk, 2004 (for Soviet era list of CGSs).

External links[edit]