Chief of the General Staff (Russia)

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Chief of the General Staff
Russian: Начальник Генерального штаба
Flag of Russia's Chief of Staff.svg
Flag of the Chief of the General Staff
Генерал армии Герасимов Валерий Васильевич.jpg
Incumbent
Army General Valery Gerasimov

since 9 November 2012
Ministry of Defence
Member of General Staff
Reports to Minister of Defence of the Russian Federation
Appointer President of Russia
Formation 9 August 1812
First holder General-Adjutant Pavel Gagarin
Deputy Army General Ruslan Tsalikov
Website Official Website

The Chief of the General Staff (Russian: Начальник Генерального штаба / Nachal'nik General'nogo shtaba) is the chief of staff of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. He is appointed by the President of Russia, who is the Supreme Commander-in-Chief. The position dates to the period of the Russian Empire. The current Chief of the General Staff is Army General Valery Gerasimov.

List of chiefs of the general staff[edit]

Directors of the Inspection Department of the Ministry of War of the Russian Empire (1812–1815)[edit]

No. Name Portrait Birth–Death Rank Tenure Note
Start End
1 Pavel Gagarin Pavel Gavriilovich Gagarin.png 1777–1850 General-Adjutant 9 August 1812 13 December 1814
2 Andrey Kleinmikhel Andrey Kleinmikhel.jpg 1757–1815 Lieutenant General 13 December 1814 25 June 1815

Chiefs of the Main Staff of the Imperial Russian Army (1866–1905)[edit]

No. Name Portrait Birth–Death Rank Tenure Note
Start End
1 Frederick Heiden Heyden FL.jpeg 1821–1900 General-Adjutant
Lieutenant General
1 January 1866 22 May 1881
2 Nikolai Obruchev Обручев Николай Николаевич.jpg 1830–1904 Lieutenant General
General of the Infantry
10 June 1881 31 December 1897
3 Viktor Sakharov Sakharov Viktor (1848-1906).jpg 1848–1905 Lieutenant General 20 January 1898 11 March 1904
4 Pyotr Frolov Frolov Petr Alexandrovitch.jpg 1852–? Lieutenant General 11 March 1904 28 June 1905

Chiefs of the General Directorate of the General Staff of the Imperial Russian Army (1905–1918)[edit]

No. Name Portrait Birth–Death Rank Tenure Note
Start End
1 Fedor Palitsin Palitsin Fedor Fedorovich.jpg 1851–1923 General of the Cavalry 28 June 1905 2 December 1908
2 Vladimir Sukhomlinov Suhomlinov Vladimir Alexandrovich.jpg 1848–1926 General of the Cavalry 2 December 1908 11 March 1909
3 Aleksander Myshlayevsky No image.png 1856–1920 General of the Infantry 11 March 1909 September 1909
4 Evgeny Gerngross Evgeny Gerngross.jpeg 1855–1912 Lieutenant General September 1909 22 February 1911
5 Yakov Zhilinskiy Yakov Zhilinsky.jpg 1853–1918 General of the Cavalry 22 February 1911 4 March 1914
6 Nikolai Yanushkevich Nikolai Yanushkevich.jpg 1868–1918 Major General 5 March 1914 1 August 1914
7 Mikhail Belaev Belaev Mikhail (1863-1918).jpg 1863–1918 Major General 1 August 1914 10 August 1916
8 Pyotr Averyanov Pyotr I. Averyanov.jpeg 1867–1937 Lieutenant General 10 August 1916 15 May 1917
9 Ivan Romanovskii Romanovski IP.jpg 1877–1920 Lieutenant General 18 July 1917 26 September 1917
10 Vladimir Marushevskii Marushevskii VV.jpeg 1874–1952 Major General 26 September 1917 23 November 1917
11 Nikolai Potapov No image.png 1871–1946 Major General 23 November 1917 May 1918

Chiefs of the All-Russian Main Staff of the Revolutionary Military Council of the Republic (1918–1921)[edit]

No. Name Portrait Birth–Death Rank Tenure Note
Start End
1 Nikolai Stogov No image.png 1873–1959 8 May 1918 2 August 1919
2 Alexander Andreyevich Svechin Svechin AA 1923.jpg 1878–1938 2 August 1919 22 October 1919
3 Nikolai Rattel No image.png 1875–1939 22 October 1919 10 February 1921

Chiefs of the Field Staff of the Revolutionary Military Council of the Republic (1918–1921)[edit]

No. Name Portrait Birth–Death Rank Tenure Note
Start End
1 Nikolai Rattel No image.png 1875–1939 6 September 1918 21 October 1918
2 Fedor Kostyaev No image.png 1878–1925 21 October 1918 18 June 1919
3 Mikhail Dmitriyevich Bonch-Bruyevich Бонч-Бруевич, Михаил Дмитриевич.jpg 1870–1956 18 June 1919 22 July 1919
4 Pavel Lebedev LebedevPP.jpg 1872–1933 22 July 1919 10 February 1921

Chiefs of the Staff of the Red Army (1921–1935)[edit]

No. Name Portrait Birth–Death Rank Tenure Note
Start End
1 Pavel Lebedev LebedevPP.jpg 1872–1933 10 February 1921 April 1924
2 Mikhail Frunze Frunze-mikhail.jpg 1885–1925 April 1924 January 1925
3 Sergei Kamenev S S Kamenev 02.gif 1881–1936 January 1925 November 1925
4 Mikhail Tukhachevsky М.Н. Тухачевский.jpg 1893–1937 November 1925 May 1928
5 Boris Shaposhnikov B Shaposhnikov02.jpg 1882–1945 May 1928 April 1931
6 Vladimir Triandafillov Vladimir Triandafillov.jpg 1894–1931 May 1931 12 July 1931 Killed in an aircraft crash
7 Alexander Ilyich Yegorov Александр Егоров.jpg 1883–1939 July 1931 September 1935

Chiefs of the General Staff of the Red Army (1935–1946)[edit]

No. Name Portrait Birth–Death Rank Tenure Note
Start End
1 Alexander Ilyich Yegorov Александр Егоров.jpg 1883–1939 Marshal of the Soviet Union September 1935 10 May 1937
2 Boris Shaposhnikov B Shaposhnikov02.jpg 1882–1945 1st Army Commander 10 May 1937 August 1940 1st Term
3 Kirill Meretskov Marshal of the USSR 1977 CPA 4703.jpg 1897–1968 Army General August 1940 January 1941
4 Georgy Zhukov RIAN archive 2410 Marshal Zhukov speaking.jpg 1896–1974 Army General February 1941 29 July 1941
5 Boris Shaposhnikov B Shaposhnikov02.jpg 1882–1945 Marshal of the Soviet Union 29 July 1941 11 May 1942 2nd Term
6 Aleksandr Vasilevsky Marshal of the USSR 1980 CPA 5117.jpg 1895–1977 Marshal of the Soviet Union 26 June 1942 February 1945
7 Aleksei Antonov A I Antonov 02.jpg 1896–1962 Army General February 1945 22 March 1946

Chiefs of the General Staff of the Soviet Armed Forces (1946–1991)[edit]

No. Name Portrait Birth–Death Rank Tenure Note
Start End
1 Aleksandr Vasilevsky Marshal of the USSR 1980 CPA 5117.jpg 1895–1977 Marshal of the Soviet Union 22 March 1946 November 1948
2 Sergei Shtemenko No image.png 1907–1976 Army General November 1948 June 1952
3 Vasily Sokolovsky VD Sokolovsky.jpg 1897–1968 Marshal of the Soviet Union June 1952 April 1960
4 Matvei Zakharov Marshal of the USSR 1978 CPA 4844.jpg 1898–1972 Marshal of the Soviet Union April 1960 March 1963 1st Term
5 Sergey Biryuzov The Soviet Union 1967 CPA 3490 stamp (World War II Hero Marshal Sergey Biryuzov).jpg 1904–1964 Marshal of the Soviet Union March 1963 19 October 1964 Killed in an aircraft crash
6 Matvei Zakharov Marshal of the USSR 1978 CPA 4844.jpg 1898–1972 Marshal of the Soviet Union November 1964 September 1971 2nd Term
7 Viktor Kulikov Viktor Kulikov.jpg 1921–2013 Marshal of the Soviet Union September 1971 7 January 1977
8 Nikolai Ogarkov Ogarkov-KAL007.gif 1917–1994 Marshal of the Soviet Union 7 January 1977 6 September 1984[1]
9 Sergey Akhromeyev Marshal Sergey F. Akhromeyev in 1988.JPEG 1923–1991 Marshal of the Soviet Union 6 September 1984[1] 2 November 1989
10 Mikhail Moiseev Moiseev MA.jpg 1939– Colonel General
Army General
December 1989 23 August 1991
11 Vladimir Lobov No image.png 1936– Army General 25 August 1991 25 December 1991

Chiefs of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (1991–present)[edit]

No. Name Portrait Birth–Death Rank Tenure Note
Start End
1 Viktor Dubynin No image.png 1941–1992 Army General 10 June 1992 22 November 1992 Died in office
2 Mikhail Kolesnikov No image.png 1939–2007 Army General 22 November 1992 18 October 1995
3 Viktor Samsonov Viktor Samsonov.jpg 1941– Army General 18 October 1995 22 May 1997
4 Anatoly Kvashnin General of the Army Anatoly V. Kvashnin in 1998.JPEG 1949– Colonel General
Army General
22 May 1997 19 July 2004
5 Yuri Baluyevsky Russian Armed Forces General Staff Chief Gen. Yury Baluyevsky.jpg 1947– Army General 19 July 2004 3 June 2007
6 Nikolai Makarov Nikolai Makarov, October 2010.jpg 1952– Army General 3 June 2007 9 November 2012
7 Valery Gerasimov Valery Gerasimov (2015-05-12).jpg 1955– Colonel General
Army General
9 November 2012 Incumbent

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Garthoff, Raymond L. (1994). The Great Transition: American-Soviet Relations and the End of the Cold War. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution. p. 186. ISBN 0-8157-3060-8. The decision was taken at the regular Politburo meeting [on 6 September] and appeared to have been sudden 

Further reading[edit]

  • V.I. Feskov, K.A. Kalashnikov, V.I. Golikov, The Soviet Army in the Years of the Cold War 1945–91, Tomsk University Publishing House, Tomsk, 2004 (for Soviet era list of CGSs).

External links[edit]