Chief of the Romanian General Staff

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Chief of Romanian General Staff
Şeful Statului Major General
Statul Major General.jpg
Coat of arms of the Romanian General Staff
1 1 SMG steag.jpg
Identification flag of the Romanian General Staff (reverse and obverse)
Nicolae-Ionel Ciucă.jpg
Incumbent
General
Nicolae-Ionel Ciucă
since 1 January 2015
Romanian Armed Forces
AppointerKlaus Iohannis
President of Romania
Term length4 years, can be extended up to 5 years
Constituting instrumentLaw no. 346 from July 21, 2006 (art. 12)[1]
Formation12 November 1859
First holderGrigore Gărdescu
Websitehttp://smg.mapn.ro/

The Chief of General Staff (Romanian: Şeful Statului Major General) is the highest professional military authority in the Romanian Armed Forces. He is appointed by the President of Romania, at the National Defense Minister’s proposal (with the approval of the Prime Minister) on a four-year period, with the possibility of one year extension. The Deputy Chief of General Staff or one of the Chiefs of the Services can be appointed in this position.

Role of the General Staff[edit]

According to Law no. 346 from 21 July 2006 (art. 12), the General Staff provides for:

  • Force command;
  • Organization;
  • Planning and making operational;
  • Gradual increase of readiness levels;
  • RAF’s mobilization;
  • Conduct of joint operations;
  • Troops’ training;
  • Basic and specialty training of the active-duty and reserve military personnel;
  • Military personnel individual career management;
  • Armaments planning;
  • Standardization in the military field;
  • Implementation of the C4ISR, logistic and infrastructure system;
  • Conduct of the international military relations;
  • Religious assistance in the MoND;
  • Signing technical agreements with other states armed forces;
  • Promotion of the military culture and civil education values.

The Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee is established at the level of the General Staff. The Committee is a deliberative structure, having a consultative role. The Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee meets to discuss important topics with regard to the Romanian Armed Forces’ activity, usually quarterly or whenever necessary.

The Chief of General Staff is also the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee.

The Gallery of the Chiefs of General Staff consists of 48 Flag and Commissioned Officers in the 1859–2006 timeframe.

List of the Chiefs of the General Staff[edit]

United Principalities (1860–1881)[edit]

Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office
1
Grigore Gărdescu [ro]
Gărdescu, GrigoreColonel
Grigore Gărdescu [ro]
8 January 186029 January 186021 days
2
Istratie Sămășescu [ro]
Sămășescu, IstratieMajor
Istratie Sămășescu [ro]
29 January 186030 May 1860122 days
3
Ion Emanuel Florescu
Florescu, Ion EmanuelGeneral
Ion Emanuel Florescu
(1819–1893)
30 May 186030 August 186092 days
3
Ion Emanuel Florescu
Florescu, Ion EmanuelGeneral
Ion Emanuel Florescu
(1819–1893)
21 April 18641 May 18662 years, 10 days
4
Gheorghe Slăniceanu [ro]
Slăniceanu, GheorgheColonel
Gheorghe Slăniceanu [ro]
(1835–1885)
27 April 187718 August 1877113 days
5
Constantin Barozzi [ro]
Barozzi, ConstantinColonel
Constantin Barozzi [ro]
(1833–1921)
18 August 187720 October 187763 days
6
Ștefan Fălcoianu
Fălcoianu, ȘtefanGeneral
Ștefan Fălcoianu
(1835–1905)
20 October 187718780–1 years
4
Gheorghe Slăniceanu [ro]
Slăniceanu, GheorgheColonel
Gheorghe Slăniceanu [ro]
(1835–1885)
187822 February 18790–1 years

Kingdom of Romania (1881–1947)[edit]

Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office
7
Alexandru Cernat
Cernat, AlexandruGeneral
Alexandru Cernat
(1828–1893)
188118820–1 years
(4)
Gheorghe Slăniceanu [ro]
Slăniceanu, GheorgheColonel
Gheorghe Slăniceanu [ro]
(1835–1885)
188215 April 18830–1 years
(6)
Ștefan Fălcoianu
Fălcoianu, ȘtefanGeneral
Ștefan Fălcoianu
(1835–1905)
15 April 188323 May 18841 year, 38 days
8
Nicolae Dona [ro]
Fălcoianu, ȘtefanColonel
Nicolae Dona [ro]
(1833–1916)
23 May 188413 January 18861 year, 235 days
(6)
Ștefan Fălcoianu
Fălcoianu, ȘtefanGeneral
Ștefan Fălcoianu
(1835–1905)
13 January 188618 June 18948 years, 156 days
9
Iacob Lahovary
Lahovary, IacobGeneral
Iacob Lahovary
(1846–1907)
1 October 18941 October 18951 year, 0 days
(5)
Constantin Barozzi [ro]
Barozzi, ConstantinColonel
Constantin Barozzi [ro]
(1833–1921)
1 October 18951 October 18983 years, 0 days
10
Constantin Poenaru [ro]
Poenaru, ConstantinGeneral
Constantin Poenaru [ro]
(1842–1912)
1 October 18981 April 19012 years, 182 days
11
Alexandru Cărcăleteanu [ro]
Cărcăleteanu, AlexandruGeneral de brigadă
Alexandru Cărcăleteanu [ro]
(1843–1936)
1 April 19011 April 19043 years, 0 days
12
Nicolae Tătărăscu [ro]
Tătărăscu, NicolaeGeneral de brigadă
Nicolae Tătărăscu [ro]
(1850–1916)
1 April 19041 April 19073 years, 0 days
13
Grigore C. Crăiniceanu
Crăiniceanu, GrigoreGeneral
Grigore C. Crăiniceanu
(1852–1935)
1 April 19071 November 19092 years, 214 days
14
Ioan Istrati [ro]
Istrati, IoanGeneral Adjutant
Ioan Istrati [ro]
(1860–1942)
1 November 190931 March 19111 year, 150 days
15
Vasile Zottu [ro]
Zottu, VasileGeneral de Divizie
Vasile Zottu [ro]
(1853–1916)
31 March 191118 November 1911232 days
16
Alexandru Averescu
Averescu, AlexandruGeneral
Alexandru Averescu
(1859–1938)
18 November 19112 December 19132 years, 14 days
17
Constantin Cristescu
Cristescu, ConstantinGeneral
Constantin Cristescu
(1866–1923)
2 December 19131 April 1914120 days
(15)
Vasile Zottu [ro]
Zottu, VasileGeneral de Divizie
Vasile Zottu [ro]
(1853–1916)
1 April 191425 October 19162 years, 207 days
-
Dumitru Iliescu [ro]
Iliescu, DumitruGeneral de brigadă
Dumitru Iliescu [ro]
(1865–1940)
Acting
25 October 19165 December 191641 days
18
Constantin Prezan
Prezan, ConstantinGeneral de Divizie Adjutant
Constantin Prezan
(1861–1943)
5 December 19161 April 1918117 days
(17)
Constantin Cristescu
Cristescu, ConstantinGeneral
Constantin Cristescu
(1866–1923)
1 April 191828 October 1918210 days
(18)
Constantin Prezan
Prezan, ConstantinGeneral de Divizie Adjutant
Constantin Prezan
(1861–1943)
28 October 191820 March 19201 year, 144 days
(17)
Constantin Cristescu
Cristescu, ConstantinGeneral
Constantin Cristescu
(1866–1923)
1 April 19208 May 19233 years, 37 days
-
Alexandru Gorsky [ro]
Cristescu, ConstantinGeneral de brigadă
Alexandru Gorsky [ro]
Acting
8 May 19231 October 1923146 days
19
Alexandru Lupescu [ro]
Lupescu, AlexandruGeneral de Divizie
Alexandru Lupescu [ro]
(1865–1934)
1 October 192321 June 19273 years, 263 days
20
Nicolae Samsonovici [ro]
Lupescu, AlexandruGeneral de Divizie
Nicolae Samsonovici [ro]
(1877–1950)
21 June 192711 August 19325 years, 51 days
21
Constantin Lăzărescu [ro]
Lăzărescu, ConstantinGeneral de Divizie
Constantin Lăzărescu [ro]
11 August 193230 November 19331 year, 111 days
22
Ion Antonescu
Antonescu, IonGeneral
Ion Antonescu
(1882–1946)
1 December 193311 December 19341 year, 10 days
(20)
Nicolae Samsonovici [ro]
Lupescu, AlexandruGeneral de Divizie
Nicolae Samsonovici [ro]
(1877–1950)
11 December 19341 February 19372 years, 52 days
-
Ion Sichitiu [ro]
Sichitiu, IonGeneral de Divizie
Ion Sichitiu [ro]
(1878–1952)
Acting
1 February 19371 November 1937273 days
23
Ștefan Ionescu [ro]
Ionescu, ŞtefanGeneral de Divizie
Ștefan Ionescu [ro]
(1881–?)
1 November 19371 February 19391 year, 92 days
24
Florea Ţenescu [ro]
Ţenescu, FloreaGeneral de Divizie Adjutant
Florea Ţenescu [ro]
(1884–1941)
1 February 193923 August 19401 year, 204 days
25
Gheorghe Mihail
Mihail, GheorgheGeneral de Divizie Adjutant
Gheorghe Mihail
(1887–1982)
23 August 19406 September 194014 days
26
Alexandru Ioaniţiu
Ioaniţiu, AlexandruGeneral de Brigadă
Alexandru Ioaniţiu
(1890–1941)
6 September 194017 September 1941359 days
27
Iosif Iacobici [ro]
Iacobici, IosifGeneral de Corp de Armată Adjutant
Iosif Iacobici [ro]
(1884–1952)
22 September 194120 January 1942153 days
28
Ilie Șteflea
Șteflea, IlieGeneral de Corp de Armată
Ilie Șteflea
(1888–1946)
20 January 194223 August 19442 years, 216 days
(26)
Gheorghe Mihail
Mihail, GheorgheGeneral de Divizie Adjutant
Gheorghe Mihail
(1887–1982)
23 August 194412 October 194450 days
29
Nicolae Rădescu
Rădescu, NicolaeGeneral de Corp de Armată Adjutant
Nicolae Rădescu
(1874–1953)
15 October 19446 December 194452 days
30
Constantin Sănătescu
Sănătescu, ConstantinGeneral de Corp de Armată
Constantin Sănătescu
(1885–1947)
11 December 194420 June 1945221 days
31
Costin Ionaşcu [ro]
Sănătescu, ConstantinGeneral de Corp de Armată
Costin Ionaşcu [ro]
(1890–1969)
20 June 194527 December 19472 years, 190 days

Socialist Republic of Romania (1947–1989)[edit]

Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office
33
Constantin Gh. Popescu [ro]
Popescu, Constantin Gh.Colonel General
Constantin Gh. Popescu [ro]
(1893–?)
30 January 194818 March 19502 years, 47 days
34
Leontin Sălăjan
Sălăjan, LeontinArmy General
Leontin Sălăjan
(1913–1966)
18 March 195026 April 19544 years, 39 days
35
Ion Tutoveanu [ro]
Tutoveanu, IonGeneral
Ion Tutoveanu [ro]
(1914–2014)
26 April 195415 June 196511 years, 50 days
36
Ion Gheorghe (general) [ro]
Gheorghe, IonGeneral
Ion Gheorghe (general) [ro]
(1923–2009)
15 June 196529 November 19749 years, 167 days
37
Ion Coman (general) [ro]
Coman, IonLieutenant General
Ion Coman (general) [ro]
(born 1926)
29 November 197416 June 19761 year, 200 days
38
Ion Hortopan (general) [ro]
Hortopan, IonLieutenant General
Ion Hortopan (general) [ro]
(1925–2000)
1 July 197631 March 19803 years, 274 days
39
Vasile Milea
Milea, VasileColonel General
Vasile Milea
(1927–1989)
31 March 198016 February 19854 years, 322 days
40
Ștefan Gușă
Gușă, ȘtefanColonel General
Ștefan Gușă
(1940–1994)
25 September 198628 December 19893 years, 97 days

Romania (1989–present)[edit]

Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch
41
Vasile Ionel [ro]
Ionel, VasileGeneral
Vasile Ionel [ro]
(1927–2015)
29 December 19892 May 19911 year, 124 daysArmy
42
Dumitru Cioflină [ro]
Cioflină, DumitruGeneral
Dumitru Cioflină [ro]
(born 1942)
3 May 199122 January 19975 years, 264 daysArmy
43
Constantin Degeratu [ro]
Degeratu, ConstantinGeneral
Constantin Degeratu [ro]
(born 1948)
22 January 19977 March 20003 years, 45 daysArmy
44
Mircea Chelaru
Chelaru, MirceaLieutenant General
Mircea Chelaru
(born 1949)
7 March 200031 October 2000238 daysArmy
45
Mihail Eugen Popescu [ro]
Popescu, Mihail EugenGeneral
Mihail Eugen Popescu [ro]
(1948–2013)
31 October 200025 October 20043 years, 360 daysArmy
46
Eugen Bădălan [ro]
Bădălan, EugenGeneral
Eugen Bădălan [ro]
(born 1951)
25 October 200413 September 20061 year, 323 daysArmy
47
Gheorghe Marin [ro]
Marin, GheorgheAdmiral
Gheorghe Marin [ro]
(born 1952)
13 September 200631 December 20104 years, 109 daysNavy
48
Ştefan Dănilă [ro]
Dănilă, ŞtefanGeneral
Ştefan Dănilă [ro]
(born 1965)
1 January 201131 December 20143 years, 364 daysAir Force
49
Nicolae-Ionel Ciucă [ro]
Ciucă, Nicolae-IonelGeneral
Nicolae-Ionel Ciucă [ro]
(born 1967)
1 January 2015Incumbent3 years, 322 daysArmy

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ministry of National Defence. "About The Defence Staff". mapn.ro. Retrieved 25 August 2018.