Chieti

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Chieti
Comune
Città di Chieti
Panorama of Chieti
Panorama of Chieti
Flag of Chieti
Flag
Coat of arms of Chieti
Coat of arms
Chieti is located in Italy
Chieti
Chieti
Location of Chieti in Italy
Coordinates: 42°21′N 14°10′E / 42.350°N 14.167°E / 42.350; 14.167Coordinates: 42°21′N 14°10′E / 42.350°N 14.167°E / 42.350; 14.167
Country Italy
Region Abruzzo
Province / Metropolitan city Chieti (CH)
Frazioni Bascelli, Brecciarola, Buonconsiglio-Fontanella, Carabba, Cerratina, Chieti Scalo, Colle dell'ara, Colle Marcone, Crocifisso, De Laurentis Vallelunga, Filippone, Fonte Cruciani, Iachini, La Torre, Madonna del Freddo, Madonna della Vittoria, Madonna delle Piane, San Martino, San Salvatore, Santa Filomena, Selvaiezzi, Tricalle, Vacrone Cascini, Vacrone Colle San Paolo, Vacrone Villa Cisterna, Vallepara, Villa Obletter, Villa Reale
Government
 • Mayor Umberto Di Primio (PDL)
Area
 • Total 58.55 km2 (22.61 sq mi)
Elevation 330 m (1,080 ft)
Population (2016)[1]
 • Total 51,330
 • Density 880/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Teatini
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 66100
Dialing code 0871
Patron saint St. Justin of Chieti
Saint day May 11
Website Official website

Chieti (Italian: [ˈkjeːti]; Neapolitan: Chiete; Greek: Θεάτη, Theati; Latin: Theate, Teate) is a city and comune in Southern Italy, 200 kilometres (124 miles) east by northeast of Rome. It is the capital of the province of Chieti in the Abruzzo region.

In Italian, the adjectival form is teatino and inhabitants of Chieti are called teatini. The English form of this name is preserved in that of the Theatines, a Catholic religious order.

History[edit]

Tribunal Palace

Chieti is amongst the most ancient of Italian cities. According to mythological legends, the city was founded in 1181 B.C. by the Homeric Greek hero Achilles and was named in honor of his mother, Thetis. It was called Theate (Greek: Θεάτη) (or Teate in Latin). As Theate Marrucinorum, Chieti was the chief town of the warlike Marrucini. According to Strabo, it was founded by the Arcadians as Thegeate (Θηγεάτη).

After the Marrucini were defeated by the Romans, they became loyal allies of the more powerful forces. Their territory was placed under Roman municipal jurisdiction after the Social War. In imperial times, Chieti's population reached 60,000 inhabitants but, after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, it was destroyed by Visigoths and Heruli. Later it was seat of a gastaldate under the Lombard kings. After its destruction by Peppin, it became a fief of the Duchy of Benevento.

Chieti recovered some political and economic importance under the Norman rule of Southern Italy, a role it kept also under the Hohenstaufen, Angevine and Aragonese rulers. After a cultural and architectural flourishing during the 17th century, under the aegis of the Counter-Reformation, Chieti was decimated by fatalities from plague in 1656. In the 18th century, several new academies and schools were developed here, which contributed to the city's artistic heritage. In 1806 Chieti was turned into a fortress by Napoleon's France. In 1860 it became part of the newly created Kingdom of Italy.

During World War II, Chieti was declared an open city (like Rome) and was not bombed by either side. It was the site of an infamous POW Camp for British and Commonwealth officers (PG 21) where its commandante – Barela – was later convicted of war crimes for his treatment of POWs.[2] The city at this time welcomed many refugees from the near towns and villages. Allied forces liberated the city on June 9, 1944, one day after the Germans left the city.

Geography[edit]

Chieti is situated a few kilometers away from the Adriatic Sea, and with the Majella and Gran Sasso mountains in the background. It is divided into the old town on the homonymous hill overlooking the Aterno-Pescara and the more recent commercial and industrial area, which is called Chieti Scalo and has developed thanks to the Chieti railway station along the ancient layout of Via Tiburtina, in the valley of the Aterno-Pescara.[3][4]

Architecture[edit]

Roman temples of Chieti

Climate[edit]

Chieti climate is considered genuine Mediterranean. It presents high humidity all year round, with rainy/snowy warm winters and hot and dry summers. Rain is a common event, especially during fall and spring, with accumulations of around 600 to 700 millimetres (24 to 28 in) a year. Snowfall is consistent during winter, with temperatures that often drop below 0 °C (32 °F) during winter nights. Fog is a common event during fall and winter, due to very high humidity in these seasons. Wind from the north-east (from the Adriatic sea) carries cold from Eurasian Steppe, while wind from south-west (from the Tyrrhenian Sea) carries hot from Algerian Desert. Wind is quite present during year.

Climate data for Chieti, at the University
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.1
(71.8)
26.5
(79.7)
28.1
(82.6)
32.0
(89.6)
35.1
(95.2)
37.5
(99.5)
39.7
(103.5)
41.7
(107.1)
40.3
(104.5)
30.2
(86.4)
27.6
(81.7)
24.8
(76.6)
41.7
(107.1)
Average high °C (°F) 12.3
(54.1)
12.9
(55.2)
16.0
(60.8)
20.0
(68)
24.2
(75.6)
28.7
(83.7)
32.1
(89.8)
31.6
(88.9)
27.0
(80.6)
21.1
(70)
17.4
(63.3)
13.2
(55.8)
21.3
(70.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 8.2
(46.8)
8.6
(47.5)
11.4
(52.5)
15.0
(59)
18.8
(65.8)
23.0
(73.4)
26.3
(79.3)
25.6
(78.1)
21.8
(71.2)
16.7
(62.1)
13.0
(55.4)
8.8
(47.8)
16.4
(61.5)
Average low °C (°F) 4.2
(39.6)
4.4
(39.9)
6.8
(44.2)
10.0
(50)
13.5
(56.3)
17.4
(63.3)
20.5
(68.9)
19.7
(67.5)
16.6
(61.9)
12.3
(54.1)
8.7
(47.7)
4.5
(40.1)
11.5
(52.7)
Record low °C (°F) −4.9
(23.2)
−3.9
(25)
−2.7
(27.1)
0.9
(33.6)
6.3
(43.3)
9.3
(48.7)
13.4
(56.1)
11.5
(52.7)
7.9
(46.2)
3.1
(37.6)
0.4
(32.7)
−5.3
(22.5)
−5.3
(22.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 53.4
(2.102)
57.0
(2.244)
67.0
(2.638)
52.8
(2.079)
59.5
(2.343)
44.3
(1.744)
45.8
(1.803)
21.3
(0.839)
72.5
(2.854)
67.0
(2.638)
75.9
(2.988)
43.6
(1.717)
660.5
(26.004)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 8.3 8.3 8.5 8.0 7.8 5.0 3.1 3.3 6.5 8.2 7.1 6.3 80.4
Average relative humidity (%) 76.9 73.2 70.7 70.1 66.5 64.4 60.1 63.5 70.0 78.8 78.9 75.2 70.6
Source: Chieti Meteo[16]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1861 19,586 —    
1871 24,762 +26.4%
1881 22,248 −10.2%
1901 26,343 +18.4%
1911 26,897 +2.1%
1921 31,381 +16.7%
1931 33,905 +8.0%
1936 30,266 −10.7%
1951 40,534 +33.9%
1961 47,792 +17.9%
1971 51,436 +7.6%
1981 54,927 +6.8%
1991 55,876 +1.7%
2001 52,486 −6.1%
2011 51,484 −1.9%
2016 51,330 −0.3%
Source: ISTAT[17][18]

According to the statistics conducted by Istat, in 2016 people aged 0-19 totaled 15.5% of the population compared to people aged 65 and over who number 25.0%.[19] In 2016 4.6% of the population (2.397 people) consisted of non-Italians with Romanians (677 people), Albanians (505) and Ukrainians (137) that were the largest immigrant groups.[20] According to a study of the Ministry of Economy and Finance, in 2016 the median income for a household in the town was €23,996.[21]

Economy[edit]

The agriculture has remained an important economic sector thanks to horticulture, cereal cultivation, olive cultivation, cultivation of tobacco and cultivation of grapes, from which are made well-known wines, such as Montepulciano d'Abruzzo and Trebbiano d'Abruzzo. Financial services, trade and industry are developed, especially in the production of food, chemicals, paper, building material, packaging, engineering industry and metallurgy. In addition, Chieti hosts the seat of the homonymous province, a television station (Rete 8), hospitals, sport venues and different hotels.[22][23]

Education[edit]

The University of Chieti (Università G. d'Annunzio – Chieti e Pescara) is based in Chieti and Pescara and hosts about 35,000 students, covering areas of Architecture, Arts and Philosophy, Economics, Foreign Languages and Literatures, Management, Medicine, Pharmacy, Psychology, Sciences, Social Sciences and Sports Medicine.

Culture[edit]

Hooded men joining the Good Friday procession

According to some historians, the Good Friday procession, which is considered the Italy's oldest religious procession, has taken place in Chieti until 842. From historical documented sources, the origins of its current form date back to the 16th century. It is organized by the Mount of the Dead Brotherhood, an old local fraternity, with different sacred symbols, such as a wooden figure of Christ and a mourning Virgin Mary. Hooded adults and children, a choir and an orchestra playing Miserere by Saverio Selecchy (a local composer of the 18th century) takes part in the event.[24][25][26]

Museums[edit]

Transport[edit]

Chieti-Madonna delle Piane railway station

The public transport bus service of Chieti is provided by companies Società Unica Abruzzese di Trasporto and La Panoramica, which manages also the Chieti trolleybus system. The territory between Pescara and Chieti is crossed by two motorways, the Autostrada A14 Bologna-Taranto and the Autostrada A25 Roma-Pescara.

Chieti Scalo is crossed by the Rome–Sulmona–Pescara railway and has two train stations, the Chieti railway station and the smaller Chieti-Madonna Delle Piane railway station. A railway connecting the old town and Chieti Scalo was closed in 1943.[33]

Chieti is about 12 kilometers from the Abruzzo Airport and 17 kilometers from the Port of Pescara.[4][34]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Population data from Istat
  2. ^ An Extraordinary Italian Imprisonment: The Brutal Truth of Campo 21, 1942–3 by Brian Lett QC
  3. ^ Chieti at Encyclopædia Britannica
  4. ^ a b "Localizzazione di Chieti" [Location of Chieti] (in Italian). italapedia.it. Retrieved August 15, 2017. 
  5. ^ a b Gasbarri, Camillo. "Description of Chieti cathedral" (in Italian). GUTE&BERG. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 19 July 2017. 
  6. ^ a b "Chiesa Cattedrale di San Giustino" [Cathedral Church of Saint Justin] (in Italian). Comune of Chieti. Retrieved 19 July 2017. 
  7. ^ "San Giustino di Chieti" [Saint Justin of Chieti] (in Italian). santiebeati.it. Retrieved 19 July 2017. 
  8. ^ Gasbarri, Camillo. "Description of the oratory" (in Italian). GUT&BERG. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 19 July 2017. 
  9. ^ "Chiesa di San Francesco d'Assisi" [Church of Saint Francis of Assisi] (in Italian). Comune of Chieti. Retrieved 19 July 2017. 
  10. ^ Gasbarri, Camillo. "Description of Church of Saint Clare" (in Italian). GUTE&BERG. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 19 July 2017. 
  11. ^ "Teatro Marrucino" (in Italian). Comune of Chieti. Retrieved 19 July 2017. 
  12. ^ "Chieti" (in Italian). portaleabruzzo.com. Retrieved 19 July 2017. 
  13. ^ Orsini, Errico. "Sotterrnaei di Chieti" [Subterranea of Chieti] (in Italian). Centro Appenninico Ricerche Sotterranee. Retrieved 19 July 2017. 
  14. ^ Orsini, Errico. "Sotterranei di Chieti" [Subterranea of Chieti] (in Italian). Centro Appenninico Ricerche Sotterranee. Retrieved 19 July 2017. 
  15. ^ Probably mentioned by Pliny, H.N., II., 199.
  16. ^ "Chieti Meteo". Retrieved 2010-08-11. 
  17. ^ "Censimenti popolazione Chieti 1861-2011" (in Italian). tuttitalia.it. Retrieved August 15, 2017. 
  18. ^ "Popolazione Chieti 2001-2016" (in Italian). tuttitalia.it. Retrieved August 15, 2017. 
  19. ^ "Popolazione per età, sesso e stato civile 2016" (in Italian). tuttitalia.it. Retrieved August 15, 2017. 
  20. ^ "Cittadini stranieri Chieti 2016" (in Italian). tuttitalia.it. Retrieved August 15, 2017. 
  21. ^ Tronca, Filippo (May 5, 2016). "I redditi abruzzesi: prima Pescara, L 'Aquila seconda e sempre più ricca" (in Italian). AbruzzoWeb. Retrieved August 15, 2017. 
  22. ^ "Economia di Chieti" [Economy of Chieti] (in Italian). Italiapedia.it. Retrieved August 15, 2017. 
  23. ^ "Home page" (in Italian). Rete8. Retrieved August 15, 2017. 
  24. ^ Lebedeva, Anna. "Chieti’s Moving Good Friday Easter Procession". italychronicles.com. Retrieved 19 July 2017. 
  25. ^ "A brief history of the Procession". Mount of the Dead Brotherhood. Retrieved 19 July 2017. 
  26. ^ "Saverio Selecchy" (in Italian). Mount of the Dead Brotherhood. Retrieved 19 July 2017. 
  27. ^ "Villa Frigeri" (in Italian). Comune of Chieti. Retrieved 19 July 2017. 
  28. ^ "Description of the museum". Archaeological superintendence of Abruzzo. Retrieved 19 July 2017. 
  29. ^ "Description of the museum La Civitella". Archaeological superintendence of Abruzzo. Retrieved 19 July 2017. 
  30. ^ "Collezioni" [Collections] (in Italian). University of Chieti-Pescara. Retrieved 19 July 2017. 
  31. ^ "C. Barbella Art Museum". Welcome to Italy S.r.l. Retrieved 19 July 2017. 
  32. ^ "Diocese Theatin Museum". Welcome to Italy S.r.l. Retrieved 19 July 2017. 
  33. ^ "Ferrovia Chieti Stazione - Chieti Citta'" (in Italian). ferrovieabbandonate.it. Retrieved August 15, 2017. 
  34. ^ "Come arrivare a Chieti" [How to get to Chieti] (in Italian). informagiovani-italia.com. Retrieved August 15, 2017. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]