Chigasaki, Kanagawa

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Chigasaki
茅ヶ崎市
Chigasaki City
Chigasaki City Hall
Chigasaki City Hall
Flag of Chigasaki
Official seal of Chigasaki
Location of Chigasaki in Kanagawa Prefecture
Location of Chigasaki in Kanagawa Prefecture
Chigasaki is located in Japan
Chigasaki
Chigasaki
 
Coordinates: 35°20′N 139°24′E / 35.333°N 139.400°E / 35.333; 139.400Coordinates: 35°20′N 139°24′E / 35.333°N 139.400°E / 35.333; 139.400
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureKanagawa
Area
 • Total35.71 km2 (13.79 sq mi)
Population
 (June 1, 2021)
 • Total242,798
 • Density6,800/km2 (18,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• TreeAcacia
• FlowerRhododendron
• BirdGreat tit
Phone number0467-82-1111
Address1-1 Chigasaki 1-chome, Chigasaki-shi, Kanagawa-ken 253-8686
WebsiteOfficial website

Chigasaki (茅ヶ崎市, Chigasaki-shi) is a city located in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 June 2021, the city had an estimated population of 242,798 and a population density of 6800 people per km².[1] The total area of the city is 35.71 square kilometres (13.79 sq mi).

Geography[edit]

The city is located on the eastern bank of the Sagami River in south-central Kanagawa Prefecture, facing Sagami Bay on the Pacific Ocean to the south. The Hikiji River flows through part of the city.

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Kanagawa Prefecture

Climate[edit]

The city has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Chigasaki is 15.9 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1872 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.1 °C, and lowest in January, at around 6.4 °C.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of the city grew steadily for over seventy years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1950 50,112—    
1960 68,054+35.8%
1970 129,621+90.5%
1980 171,016+31.9%
1990 201,675+17.9%
2000 220,809+9.5%
2010 235,140+6.5%
2020242,389+3.1%

History[edit]

The city has been inhabited since prehistoric times. The area was largely pasture and farmland well into the Edo period. The Tōkaidō connecting Edo with Kyoto passed through what is now Chigasaki, without a post station. A large part of the area was the tenryō territory in Sagami Province controlled directly by the Tokugawa Shogunate through the Edo period, though other parts were administered by small clans including the Ōoka clan, which is renowned for its descendant Ōoka Tadasuke. After the start of the Meiji period, the Tōkaidō Main Line railway connected Chigasaki Station with Tokyo and Osaka in 1898, which spurred the development of the area. Chigasaki village in Kōza District, Kanagawa Prefecture became Chigasaki town in 1908. In 1921, the Sagami Line railway connected Chigasaki with Hashimoto to the north. Chigasaki became a city on October 1, 1947. On April 1, 2003, the population of Chigasaki exceeded 200,000 and it became a special city with increased local autonomy. On October 24, 2014, Chigasaki agreed with Honolulu to establish the sister city relationship.[4]

Government[edit]

The city has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 28 members. Chigasaki contributes three members to the Kanagawa Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Kanagawa 15th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy[edit]

The city is largely a bedroom community for Tokyo and Yokohama, and has been noted as a seaside resort community since the Meiji period. Tourism and summer leisure activities remain important to the local economy.

Companies headquartered in Chigasaki include:

Education[edit]

The city has nineteen elementary schools and thirteen middle schools operated by the city government. The city has four public high schools operated by the Kanagawa Prefectural Board of Education, and the prefecture operates one special education school for the handicapped. There is one private elementary, middle school and high school in the city. Bunkyo University has a campus located in the city.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

JR logo (east).svg JR East - Tōkaidō Main Line

JR logo (east).svg JR East - Sagami Line

Highway[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Southern Beach Chigasaki

The shoreline from Chigasaki to Kamakura is called the "Shōnan area". A popular swimming destination, Chigasaki is well known as the birthplace of Japanese surfing. A shop called "Goddess," located only about 20 meters from the shoreline, claims to be the first surfboard shop in Japan. Bicycles with metal fittings for holding surfboards are prominent in the area. A section of the beach in Chigasaki is called "Southern Beach," inspired by the Southern All Stars, a famous J-pop singing group whose lead vocalist Keisuke Kuwata hails from Chigasaki. The symbol of Southern Beach is Eboshi-iwa, a large hat-shaped rock that is visible from the coast.

Southern Beach monument known as "Southern C"

The city is known for being the center of Japanese Hawaiian culture with many tropical and Hawaiian stores located mainly in the southern side of the town. Fridays in Chigasaki was called "Aloha Friday" in which consumers were able to have discounts in many stores and taxis. Salesclerks and city officers are encouraged to work wearing aloha shirts as a part of Cool Biz campaign to promote its Hawaiian culture every summer since 2003.[5]

In contrast to the popularity as a modernized resort in south, north part of the city still retains some historical heritages. Ōoka Echizen festival is held in the family temple of the Ōoka clan (bodaiji) "Jōkenji" on May.

Sister cities[edit]

Notable people from Chigasaki[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chigasaki city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Chigasaki climate data
  3. ^ Chigasaki population statistics
  4. ^ Chigasaki Breeze The 56th Edition Special Issue, January 1, 2015
  5. ^ アロハビズ×茅ヶ崎市 [Aloha Biz by Chigasaki-city] (in Japanese). Chigasaki City Government.
  6. ^ Special Box, 2007/Universal Music

External links[edit]