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Chikara (professional wrestling)

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Founded2002; 22 years ago (2002)
Defunct2020; 4 years ago (2020)
HeadquartersPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Mike Quackebush and Reckless Youth (2002)
  • Mike Quackenbush
SisterKiryoku Pro (2002–2003)
Wrestling is Fun! (2011–2020)
SuccessorCamp Leapfrog, High Tension Wrestling
WebsiteOfficial website

Chikara (stylized in all capital letters and sometimes referred to as Chikara Pro) was an American professional wrestling promotion based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The company took both its name and logo from the Japanese kanji meaning 'strength' (). It was founded in 2002 by professional wrestlers Mike Quackenbush and Reckless Youth, who also served as trainers and in-ring performers.

The promotion held multiple live events per month, with the majority taking place at the Chikara Wrestle Factory school. Two of their major events, September's King of Trios, the promotion's premiere event, and April's Tag World Grand Prix were centered on tag team and trios matches. Their other major events included Aniversario, held in May, and the Young Lions Cup tournament, held between June and August. In 2011, Chikara introduced the Grand Championship, the promotion's primary singles championship.

Influenced by the lucha libre tradition, Chikara performers were grouped into técnicos and rudos (the lucha libre terms for faces and heels respectively). Just as in lucha libre, many performers in the promotion performed under masks and with unique gimmicks.

The promotion closed in June 2020, after several allegations of abuse and sexual misconduct were made against individuals within it during the Speaking Out movement.

Despite the promotion's closure, the Wrestle Factory school continues to operate in Allentown, Pennsylvania.


Mike Quackenbush, one of the founders and the trainer until the promotion's closure

In the summer of 2000, after "Reckless Youth" Tom Carter had been released from his World Wrestling Federation developmental deal, he, Mike Quackenbush and Don Montoya started talking about starting a wrestling school, which would teach professional wrestling in various international styles. Originally, the school was to be called "Impact Wrestling" (not to be confused with the later promotion of the same name), but when Montoya decided not to put up money for its foundation and left the project, Carter and Quackenbush decided they needed a new name.[1] The Wrestle Factory was founded by Carter and Quackenbush in Allentown, Pennsylvania on January 7, 2002. The first class included UltraMantis, Mister Zero, Dragonfly, Hallowicked, and Ichabod Slayne. In May of the same year, Chikara expanded into a wrestling promotion with the intent of showcasing its students. The first show on May 25, 2002, featured not only the Wrestle Factory students and head trainers, but several other independent wrestlers, including Don Montoya, CM Punk, Colt Cabana, Chris Hero, Love Bug, Marshal Law, and Blind Rage. The main event of the first show featured Quackenbush and Youth joined by Don Montoya as the Black T-shirt Squad defeat the Gold Bond Mafia of Chris Hero, CM Punk, and Colt Cabana. In the early days, Blind Rage, Hallowicked, and Ichabod Slayne formed a stable known as the Night Shift, which became the top group of rudos (or heels) in the promotion. They frequently feuded with tecnicos (faces) Quackenbush, Youth, and UltraMantis. Notable events of 2002 included an appearance by former World Championship Wrestling star La Parka, who joined Mister Zero against Quackenbush and Youth, and the opening of the short-lived sister promotion Kiryoku Pro, which highlighted female wrestling.

2002 was also marked by a lawsuit against Chikara for promoting shows at the Wrestle Factory. Neighborhood activists claimed that the building was not properly zoned for assembly, and that the shows detracted from the "complexion of the community". It was eventually ruled that Chikara provided inadequate parking for their shows, and would not be allowed to promote out of the Wrestle Factory any longer. This deterred Chikara from holding any more shows until October. During the Chikara hiatus, they released tapes of their early shows, titled "The Renaissance Dawns" and "Baila, Parka, Baila", and the wrestlers worked showcase matches in other promotions, such as IWA Mid-South. Chikara soon reached an agreement with St. John's Lutheran Church in Allentown to hold shows there, only eight blocks from the Wrestle Factory. Chikara also began a second Wrestle Factory class, but lost trainer Reckless Youth at the beginning of the class, as he left the wrestling business. The first show in St. John's saw the Wildcards (Eddie Kingston and BlackJack Marciano), Gran Akuma, D. J. Skittlez, Melvin Snodgrass and Lester Crabtree debut, and shortly after, they were joined by Wrestle Factory graduates Jigsaw and Bryce Remsburg. Soon after Chikara debuted the Young Lions Cup tournament, a concept still used by the promotion. Commonly abbreviated as the YLC, the tournament was designed to showcase the best of the Wrestle Factory graduates. Hallowicked defeated Mister Zero to win the inaugural tournament, becoming the first-ever Young Lions Cup Champion in the process. In December 2002, Chikara took a two-week break during Christmastime before returning in 2003, establishing a tradition of "seasons" that they maintain today.

The Chikara roster of 2004

In 2004, Chris Hero became a co-trainer at the Chikara Wrestle Factory, replacing Carter. In 2005, Jorge "Skayde" Rivera joined as the third trainer. In March 2005, the school moved from Allentown to the New Alhambra Arena, in Philadelphia.[2] They then took over the training for Combat Zone Wrestling, leading to the school's new name of CZW/Chikara Wrestle Factory.[2] After the schools split in 2007, the training center became once again simply known as the Chikara Wrestle Factory.[2] In 2007, Claudio Castagnoli took over Chris Hero's training duties.[2]

On March 2, 2008, Chikara drew their biggest crowd ever of over 550 people during the King of Trios finals. That record was broken on January 31, 2010, when their first show of season nine, A Touch of Class, drew over 600 fans. Later that year, on July 25, the record was broken once again at Chikarasaurus Rex: King of Show, which drew 755 fans.[3] The show was released by Smart Mark Video on DVD less than 24 hours after its conclusion.[3]

On April 26, 2009, Chikara announced a working agreement with Dragon Gate USA, which saw Chikara wrestlers take part in Dragon Gate USA events.[4] Throughout the years, Chikara has also worked with several Japanese promotions in bringing their talent over to the United States, including Dragon Gate,[5] Ice Ribbon,[6] JWP Joshi Puroresu,[7] and Sendai Girls' Pro Wrestling.[8] In 2010, Chikara established a close working relationship with the Osaka Pro Wrestling promotion.[9] In December 2011, Chikara partnered with numerous Japanese promotion to hold the three-day-long JoshiMania event, which featured some of the biggest names in joshi puroresu.[7] Wrestlers such as Aja Kong, Dick Togo, The Great Sasuke, Jinsei Shinzaki, Kana, Kaori Yoneyama, Kota Ibushi, Manami Toyota, and Mayumi Ozaki have made rare American appearances for Chikara.[10]

Juan Francisco de Coronado, a former Grand Champion and trainer

On April 25, 2010, Chikara announced the release of a video game, titled Rudo Resurrection, for multiple gaming platforms later in the year.[11] After not being heard of again for four years, it was announced on May 2, 2014, that a new developer, Rotary Games, had picked up the rights to the game.[12]

On August 1, 2011, Chikara announced that their first ever live Internet pay-per-view (iPPV), titled High Noon, would take place November 13, 2011, and would feature the crowning of the first ever Chikara Grand Champion.[13] The event would again break Chikara's attendance record, drawing 864 fans.[14] During 2012, High Noon was followed by the Chikarasaurus Rex: How to Hatch a Dinosaur and Under the Hood Internet pay-per-views.[15][16]

In February 2012, Chikara launched their first ever web comic, written by Joey Esposito and drawn by Alex Cormack, telling the secret origin of Frightmare. On April 6, 2013, Chikara took part in WrestleCon, held during the WrestleMania 29 weekend in Secaucus, New Jersey, holding an event, which again broke the promotion's attendance record.[17]

On June 2, 2013, Chikara ran an angle at the conclusion of their fourth iPPV, Aniversario: Never Compromise, where the event was shut down by Director of Fun Wink Vavasseur.[18] Following the event, Chikara went inactive, "canceling" all upcoming events, though in reality these events were never scheduled to take place.[19] Chikara held no official events for the rest of 2013,[20] though wrestlers from the promotion did hold a small event on November 2 in Philadelphia's FDR Skatepark with the storyline that they were trying to revive the promotion.[21][22][23] In October 2013, Viz Media acquired rights to 26 Chikara events, which would start airing on their Neon Alley digital service on Sundays as part of the new fall lineup.[24] On February 1, 2014, it was announced that Chikara would be returning on May 25.[25] On February 10, 2014, it was announced that The Wrestle Factory would start a new training class at the 2300 Arena on March 1.[26]

In April 2015, Chikara made its debut in the United Kingdom with a four-show tour held across England and Wales[27] and launched Chikaratopia, a streaming service featuring past events.[28] That same year on July 29, the promotion launched a new weekly program, entitled Journey Into Chikara, which would air live on both Chikaratopia and YouTube.[29] In December 2016, Chikara concluded its 16th season.[30] However, when the promotion returned in February 2017, it was announced as the start of season 18. Season 17 had been taped during the break and would be streamed on Chikaratopia.[31]

On August 7, 2019, Chikara announced a working relationship with Michinoku Pro Wrestling.[32]

On June 24, 2020, Quackenbush announced Chikara was shutting down amid allegations of misconduct within the company.[33]

Chikara Wrestle Factory[edit]

On January 7, 2002, "Reckless Youth" Tom Carter and Mike Quackenbush founded the Chikara Wrestle Factory, a wrestling school based in Allentown, Pennsylvania.[1] Following the start of the Wrestle Factory's second class, Carter departed from Chikara and ultimately left the wrestling industry. In 2004, Chris Hero became a co-trainer at the Wrestle Factory, filling the vacancy left by Carter's departure. In 2005, Mexican luchador Jorge "Skayde" Rivera became the school's third trainer. In March 2005, the school moved from Allentown to the New Alhambra Arena, in Philadelphia.[2] In 2007, Chris Hero left Chikara and the Wrestle Factory, with Claudio Castagnoli taking over Hero's training duties.[2] In August 2011, Castagnoli signed with WWE, and departed the Wrestle Factory. Former guest instructors included El Pantera, Terry Funk, CM Punk, Marty Jannetty, and many others.[2]

At the time of June 2020, head trainer Mike Quackenbush was assisted by trainers Fire Ant, Hallowicked, and Ophidian.[34] As of now, training to prospective professional wrestlers, managers, valets, and referees in Northeastern Philadelphia, Pennsylvania[2] is offered in all styles of pro wrestling, including lucha libre, puroresu, Lancashire, and catch, among others.

At the end of 2022, The Wrestle Factory moved to a new location in Allentown.[35]


Championship Final champion(s) Previous champion(s) Date won Days held Location
Chikara Grand Championship Dasher Hatfield "Mr. Touchdown" Mark Angelosetti April 5, 2019 446 Jersey City, New Jersey
Chikara Campeonatos de Parejas The Bird and The Bee
(Solo Darling and Willow Nightingale)
(Tony Deppen and Travis Huckabee)
November 9, 2019 228 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Chikara Young Lions Cup Ricky South Still Life with Apricots and Pears January 18, 2020 158 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Other accomplishments[edit]

Accomplishment Last winner(s) Date won
King of Trios The Crucible
(Ophidian, Princess KimberLee, and Lance Steel)
October 6, 2019
Rey de Voladores The Whisper October 6, 2019
Tag World Grand Prix The Throwbacks
(Dasher Hatfield and "Mr. Touchdown" Mark Angelosetti)
April 14, 2018
Torneo Cibernetico The Whisper June 20, 2020
Infinite Gauntlet Ophidian May 11, 2019
The Johnny Kidd Invitational Ophidian September 7, 2019

Notable alumni[edit]

Commercial DVD releases[edit]

Big Vision Entertainment releases

Name Release date Region Additional information
Best of Chikara November 6, 2007 Global Contains 9 matches from 2005 and 2006.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Namako, Jason (2016-02-01). "Mike Quackenbush on Chikara's history, their loyal fanbase". Wrestleview. Retrieved 2016-02-01.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Wrestle Factory History". Chikara. Archived from the original on 2009-10-05. Retrieved 2011-04-01.
  3. ^ a b "Thanks to the 755 fans who made C-Rex the biggest Chikara show ever! And if you missed it, don't fret – the DVD comes out TOMORROW at SMV!". Chikara. Twitter. 2010-07-25. Retrieved 2010-07-26.
  4. ^ "DGUSA and Chikara reach working agreement". Dragon Gate USA. 2010-04-27. Archived from the original on 2010-09-26. Retrieved 2010-09-17.
  5. ^ Boutwell, Josh (2010-07-30). "Viva La Raza! Lucha Weekly". Wrestleview. Retrieved 2012-07-13.
  6. ^ Boutwell, Josh (2011-08-06). "Viva La Raza! Lucha Weekly". Wrestleview. Retrieved 2012-07-13.
  7. ^ a b Magee, Bob (2011-12-02). "JoshiMania tonight in Phily with Toys for Tots". Wrestleview. Retrieved 2012-07-13.
  8. ^ Martin, Adam (2012-03-19). "Indy News #2: KSWA Wrestling, Sendai Girls/Chikara". Wrestleview. Retrieved 2012-07-13.
  9. ^ Martin, Adam (2010-09-24). "Indy News #2: NWA Hollywood, Chikara and TWA". Wrestleview. Retrieved 2012-07-13.
  10. ^ "Past results". Chikara. Archived from the original on 2013-02-25. Retrieved 2012-07-13.
  11. ^ Martin, Adam (2010-05-14). "More details on a new Chikara video game". Wrestleview. Retrieved 2011-12-21.
  12. ^ Higham, Joshua (2014-05-04). "As Chikara returns this month, an update on everything going on". Pro Wrestling Insider. Retrieved 2014-05-05.
  13. ^ Csonka, Larry (2011-08-01). "Various News: Chikara's to I-PPV, Joshimania, Billy Corgan's New Promotion, More". 411Mania. Retrieved 2011-08-01.
  14. ^ Martin, Adam (2011-11-24). "Chikara draws well for "High Noon" iPPV event". Wrestleview. Retrieved 2011-11-24.
  15. ^ Radican, Sean (2012-06-02). "Radican's Chikara "Chikarasaurus Rex" iPPV review 6/2 – live coverage of event from Philaldephia". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 2012-11-08.
  16. ^ Caldwell, James (2012-11-08). "Indy News: Next PWG main event set, Chikara returning to iPPV". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 2012-11-08.
  17. ^ Higham, Josh (2013-04-06). "Part two of the 4/6 Chikara show". Pro Wrestling Insider. Retrieved 2013-04-13.
  18. ^ Johnson, Mike (2013-06-02). "Out go the lights, Sopranos style: complete Chikara Anniversario 2013 iPPV coverage". Pro Wrestling Insider. Retrieved 2013-07-14.
  19. ^ Meltzer, Dave (2013-06-03). "Mon. update: Two major new UFC fights and talks of stadium show, Austin gets national pub, Chikara ending, Wrestling star robbed, Goldberg, Bella Twins, Best TV show of last week, Promotion reforms". Wrestling Observer Newsletter. Retrieved 2013-07-14.
  20. ^ "Events". Chikara. Archived from the original on 2013-05-30. Retrieved 2013-07-14.
  21. ^ Johnson, Mike (2013-11-02). "Chikara returns?". Pro Wrestling Insider. Retrieved 2013-11-11.
  22. ^ Meltzer, Dave (2013-11-04). "Mon. update: Huge mid-week, WWE webisode cartoon, WWE ads, Huge convention, Rock TV show, new TNA show, New wrestling show on small network, Flair". Wrestling Observer Newsletter. Retrieved 2013-11-11.
  23. ^ Boutwell, Josh (2013-11-09). "Viva la Raza! Lucha Weekly 11/9/13". Wrestleview. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
  24. ^ Johnson, Mike (2013-10-05). "Official Chikara on Neon Alley press release". Pro Wrestling Insider. Retrieved 2013-10-05.
  25. ^ Johnson, Mike (2014-02-01). "Chikara returns, first show this May". Pro Wrestling Insider. Retrieved 2014-02-01.
  26. ^ Namako, Jason (2014-02-10). "Chikara to re-open wrestling school at former ECW Arena". Wrestleview. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
  27. ^ Caldwell, James (2015-04-04). "Saturday events: NXT wraps tour, Samoa Joe & Duggan at 2CW, Waltman headlines Slamfest, Chikara U.K. Tour, Mickie James, Trevor Murdoch, Gargano, more stars". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 2015-04-07.
  28. ^ Johnson, Mike (2015-04-28). "Jim Ross discusses Verne Gagne memories, Corgan purchases wrestling archive, Taz, sample Chikara's new streaming service and more news". Pro Wrestling Insider. Retrieved 2015-07-29.
  29. ^ Caldwell, James (2015-07-29). "Chikara news: Chikara joining Mega-Wednesdays with new online show". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 2015-07-29.
  30. ^ Cardoza, Adam; Langan, Michael (2016-12-04). "Drew Gulak farewell and more: 12/3 Chikara in Chicago results". Pro Wrestling Insider. Retrieved 2017-02-05.
  31. ^ Cardoza, Adam (2017-02-04). "2/4 Chikara National Pro Wrestling Day report". Pro Wrestling Insider. Retrieved 2017-02-05.
  32. ^ Mike Johnson (August 7, 2019). "NWA ANNOUNCEMENT TODAY, CHIKARA TEAMING WITH MICHINOKU PRO AND MORE". Pro Wrestling Insider. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
  33. ^ "Mike Quackenbush closes Chikara, resigns as school's head trainer". f4wonline. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  34. ^ "Our Training Faculty". Chikara Wrestle Factory. Retrieved 2018-07-12.
  35. ^ "History". The Wrestle Factory. Retrieved 2023-11-29.

External links[edit]