|Nickname(s): land of coffee|
|Founded by||King Rukmangada|
|Named for||Coffee, mountains (Mullayanagiri range)|
|• Total||30 km2 (10 sq mi)|
|• Density||3,900/km2 (10,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|PIN||577101 - 577102, 577133|
|Vehicle registration||KA- 18|
Chikkamagaluru (also known as Chikmagalur) is a town located in the Chikkamagaluru district in the Indian state of Karnataka. Located in the foothills of Mullayanagiri range,Chikkamgaluru is famous for its serene environment, lush green forests and tall mountains. Chikkamagaluru is also famous for coffee and is known as the 'coffee land' of Karnataka. It is one of the largest producers of coffee in India. National Highway 173 (India) passes through the city.
Chikkamagaluru district was called Kadur district until 1947. Chikkamagaluru takes its name from the word "Chikkamagala Uru" which translates to "younger daughter's town" in Kannada language. It is said to have been given as a dowry to the youngest daughter of Rukmangada, the legendary chief of Sakrepatna (now in Kadur taluk of Chikkamagaluru District). Another part of the town bestowed on the elder daughter is known as Hiremagalur, which is now a locality in Chikmagalur. Some old inscriptions reveal that these two places were known as Kiriya-muguli and Piriya-muguli(Muguli in Nadugannada translates to "flower"). In a fertile valley south of the Baba–Budan hill range is the headquarters town of the district.
Chikkamgaluru city belongs to the Malenadu region of Karnataka.The city as such is situated in the Deccan plateau. The Western Ghats start just from the outskirts of the city. In the north east direction are a group of hillocks, where the new Lakya bridge is situated. Chikkamagaluru is at an elevation of 1090 meters (3,400 feet) above the sea level.The Yagachi River has is source near the city. It flows in the south-east direction and unites with the Cauvery river.
Chikkamagaluru generally has a moderate to cool climate. The temperature of the city varies from 11-20 °C during winter to 25-32 °C during summer.
As of 2011 India census, Chikmagalur had a population of 1,18,496. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Chikmagalur has an average literacy rate of 72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%, with male literacy of 80% and female literacy of 73%. 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Chikmagalur is growing as the new tourist hub of Karnataka. Due to its vicinity to the state capital Bangalore and some other cities like Hassan, Shimoga, Chitradurga and Mangalore and its cool climate, tourists flock into the city during weekends to visit various places throughout the district.
Mahatama Gandhi Park, also known as Rathnagiri Bore, is a famous tourist spot located to the north of the town. The nature park along with the site of 'Mullayanagiri' in the back drop was previously an open forest. The park was later converted into a beautiful garden, designed with pavements and lawns. The park has a wide suite of contrasting hued flowers and ornamental plants. Among other highlighting attractions of the park are the lotus pond and a children-cross bridge.Besides, Nehru Rose Garden on the left of the garden towards the amphitheatre features over 250 varieties of rose plants. The amphitheatre at the park hosts art, music and cultural events through the year. To cater to nature lovers, there is a greenhouse within the garden housing over 300 floral species. Furthermore, there is a telescopic view point, from where tourists can view contours of Baba Budan Giri mountain range. A kilometre-long ride of Ratnagiri Toy Train at the park is a famous recreational activity for visitors.
Chikkamagaluru has a number of educational institutes which fulfill the needs of the growing population.
- Technical institutes
D.AC.G.Govt. Polytechnic( est. 1959) - One of the oldest technical institutes in this part of Karnataka Adichunchanagiri Institute of Technology - engineering and diploma college located in Chikkamagaluru.
- Other Institutes
I.D.S.G. Govt. Degree College - bachelor's and post graduate degree courses in various non technical disciplines. MES group of institutions STJ College for women Mountain View school and college.
- Law Colleges
Sreenivasa Shetty law college offers bachelor degree in law.
A number of international schools have also been established in Chikmagalur
- Amber Valley Resedential School - owned by Cafe Coffee Day
- Nurture International School - a franchise of the CMS, Lucknow
Chikkamagaluru is connected to all parts of Karnataka by good road connectivity. National Highway 173 passes through the city. It is a main junction for buses travelling from North Karnataka to the coastal districts. The newly inaugurated Railway line connects Chikmagalur to various cities via Kadur. A new line is under construction connecting the city to Sakleshpur. A new airport is being constructed in the nearby Amble village which will be useful for tourists and industrialists.
- A. R. Krishnashstri
- Hiremagaluru Kannan
- Jairam Ramesh: Former Union Minister, was born in Chikmagalur.
- V.G.Siddhartha: Founder of Cafe Coffee Day
- "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 24 July 2014.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
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