Chikmagalur

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This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Chikkamagaluru district.
Chikkamagalur
ಚಿಕ್ಕಮಗಳೂರು
town
Court Road, Chikmagalur
Court Road, Chikmagalur
Nickname(s): CKM
Coordinates: 13°19′N 75°46′E / 13.32°N 75.77°E / 13.32; 75.77Coordinates: 13°19′N 75°46′E / 13.32°N 75.77°E / 13.32; 75.77
Country India
State Karnataka
Founded by King Rukmangada
Named for Mullayanagiri range
Area
 • Total 30 km2 (10 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 118,496
 • Density 3,900/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 577101 - 577102, 577133
Vehicle registration KA- 18
Website www.chickamagalurcity.gov.in www.cudackm.com
Wilderness in the middle of the city
AIT Engineering College

Chikkamagalur is a town located in the Chikkamagaluru district in the Indian state of Karnataka. Located in the foothills of the Mullayanagiri range, the town with its favorable climate and coffee estates attracts tourists from around the state. National Highway 173 (India) passes through the town connecting it with the state capital Bangalore, located 250 kilometres (160 mi) away.

Etymology[edit]

Chikkamagaluru takes its name from the Kannada Cikkamagaḷa ūru that translates to "younger daughter's town". It is said to have been given as a dowry to the youngest daughter of Rukmangada, the legendary chief of Sakkarepattana.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[2] Chikmagalur had a population of 118,496. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Chikmagalur has an average literacy rate of 72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%, with male literacy of 80% and female literacy of 73%. 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.[1]

Transport[edit]

Chikmagalur is connected to other parts of the state through roads. National Highway 173 passes through the town and forms the main link for buses traveling from North Karnataka to the coastal districts. A railway line connects Chikmagalur to Kadur with a new line under construction to Sakleshpur. The nearest international airport is at Bangalore.

Geography and Climate[edit]

Chikmagalur is situated in the Mallenadu region of Karnataka in the Deccan plateau in the foothills of the Western Ghats. It is situated at an elevation of 1,090 metres (3,580 ft) above mean sea level. The Yagachi River has its source near the town and flows in the south-easterly direction before uniting with the Kaveri river. Chikmagalur generally has a moderate to cool climate. The temperature of the city varies from 11-20 °C during winter to 25-32 °C during summer.

Climate data for Chikmagalur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27
(81)
29
(84)
31.6
(88.9)
31.5
(88.7)
29.8
(85.6)
25.2
(77.4)
22.6
(72.7)
23.2
(73.8)
24.3
(75.7)
26.2
(79.2)
25.8
(78.4)
25.5
(77.9)
26.81
(80.28)
Average low °C (°F) 13.7
(56.7)
15.2
(59.4)
17.2
(63)
18.1
(64.6)
19.1
(66.4)
18.4
(65.1)
18.1
(64.6)
18
(64)
17.6
(63.7)
17
(63)
15.9
(60.6)
14.1
(57.4)
16.87
(62.38)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 2
(0.08)
4
(0.16)
13
(0.51)
61
(2.4)
112
(4.41)
127
(5)
226
(8.9)
132
(5.2)
104
(4.09)
154
(6.06)
59
(2.32)
13
(0.51)
1,007
(39.64)
Source: [3]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. ^ "Climate data". en.climate-data.org. August 2015. Retrieved 27 June 2013. 

External links[edit]