Chikubu Island as viewed in Lake Biwa
|Area||0.14 km2 (0.054 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||197 m (646 ft)|
The coastline of island measures 2 km. It is the second largest island in Lake Biwa, after Oki island (Oki-shima, an inhabited island). The island is part of Hazayaki-cho, in Nagahama city of Shiga Prefecture.
The island is also called the Island of the Gods and designated as one of the Eight Views of Lake Biwa. Several works of the Japanese performing arts relate to Chikubu. They include the Noh play Chikubushima and the Heike Biwa work Chikubushima Mōde, two koto melodies named Chikubushima, a jōruri (itchūbushi), a nagauta, and a tokiwazu-bushi of the same name.
There are various places of interest on the island. In the southern part is the Tsukubusuma Shrine, said to have been established in 420, and Hōgon-ji, a Shingon temple said to date from 724. Formerly known as Chikubu Benzai-ten, it ranks with the Enoshima Shrine in the Kantō region and the Itsukushima Shrine in the Chūgoku Region as one of Japan's Three Great Shrines of Benzaiten. Many structures were brought to the island by Toyotomi Hideyori, son of general Toyotomi Hideyoshi. Kannon Hall and the Karamon-style gate were brought here from the gravesite (Toyokuni-byo; now Toyokuni Shrine) of Toyotomi Hideyoshi. They originally stood in the Higashiyama ward of Kyoto, and are regarded as fine examples of architecture from the Azuchi-Momoyama period. Moreover, the Karamon gate is a National Treasure of Japan.
- "【Kohoku Area Course】Relaxed & Laidback, The Soothing Power of Nature & A Trip Back in Time". Biwako Visitors Bureau. Archived from the original on April 1, 2019. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
- "Chikubu Island (Chikubushima)". Go Biwako. Retrieved March 12, 2014.
Large part of the article incorporates material translated from 竹生島 (Chikubu-shima) in the Japanese Wikipedia, retrieved on November 21, 2008.
- Watsky, Andrew Mark (2004). Chikubushima: Deploying the Sacred Arts in Momoyama Japan. University of Washington Press. ISBN 978-0-295-98327-1.
- The 100 Views of Nature in Kansai
- 琵琶湖開発総合管理所｜びわ湖の観光名所｜竹生島 Japan Water Agency, retrieved on November 21, 2008
- B-BOX「竹生島の様子」 Lake Biwa and Rivers Information Box, retrieved on November 21, 2008
- 神の住む島 竹生島 Nagahama Sight-seeing Association, retrieved on August 23, 2010
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