Child 44 (film)
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Daniel Espinosa|
|Screenplay by||Richard Price|
|Based on||Child 44|
by Tom Rob Smith
|Music by||Jon Ekstrand|
|Box office||$13 million|
Child 44 is a 2015 mystery thriller film directed by Daniel Espinosa, written by Richard Price, and based on Tom Rob Smith's 2008 novel of the same name. The film stars an ensemble cast featuring Tom Hardy, Gary Oldman, Noomi Rapace, Joel Kinnaman, Paddy Considine, Jason Clarke, and Vincent Cassel. It was released on 17 April 2015. Both the novel and the film are very loosely based on the case of Soviet serial killer Andrei Chikatilo. The film was a box office bomb, grossing just $13 million against its $50 million budget.
In 1933, a child orphaned during the Ukrainian Holodomor runs away from his orphanage and is taken in by a Red Army unit and adopted by its kindly commander, who gives him the name Leo Demidov. In 1945, now a sergeant with the unit, Leo becomes an icon across the Soviet Union when he is photographed planting the Soviet flag atop the Reichstag during the Battle of Berlin. He becomes a Hero of the Soviet Union.
In 1953, Leo, now married to Raisa and living in Moscow, is a captain in the Ministry of State Security (MGB), commanding a unit tasked with tracking down and arresting dissidents. They arrest a veterinarian, Anatoly Brodsky and, during the arrest, one of Leo's subordinates, the cowardly but ambitious Vasili Nikitin, shoots a farmer, Semyon Okun, and his wife in whose barn Brodsky has been hiding, orphaning their two young daughters. Angry, Leo strikes Vasili, who harbours growing resentment against Leo and the other officer in the unit, Alexei Andreyev; all three were in Berlin together in 1945. Vasili is in charge of Brodsky's interrogation and execution, and one of the names he gives to their superior, Major Kuzmin, is that of Raisa, a primary school teacher, several of whose colleagues have recently been arrested for dissident views. Kuzmin orders Leo to investigate his own wife.
Meanwhile, Alexei's young son, Jora, is found dead near a railway yard. Although the initial pathology report shows injuries consistent with torture, the surgically precise removal of organs, and drowning, the authorities declare that he was hit by a train, as Stalin has decreed that murder is a capitalist disease; there is no murder in a communist paradise. Alexei is forced to accept the official conclusions to save himself and the rest of his family.
Knowing what the consequences will be, Leo tells his superiors that his investigation has shown that Raisa is innocent of any crime and steadfastly refuses to denounce her. They are both later arrested by Vasili and Alexei and sent into internal exile in the provincial city of Volsk. Leo loses all rank and is forced to become a lowly policeman under the command of General Nesterov, while Raisa is humiliated by becoming a cleaner in a school.
When the body of another child is found near the railway line in Volsk, with similar injuries to Jora, Leo begins to realise that a serial killer is on the loose. After discovering that Alexander Pickup, the man who found the body, is a homosexual, Nesterov forces him to denounce every local homosexual he knows. When Pickup, a railway ticket collector, commits suicide by walking in front of a train, the authorities say the case has been solved. However, Leo persuades Nesterov, who has young sons himself, to investigate further, and the two discover that the bodies of at least 43 more children have been found along the railway line from Rostov-on-Don to Moscow.
Meanwhile, Vasili, who now has Leo's old job, calls Raisa and attempts to persuade her to leave Leo and join him in Moscow. When she refuses, Vasili orders an MGB agent to abuse her. Raisa later admits to Leo that she only agreed to marry him because she was afraid to refuse the proposal given his status as an MGB officer.
Leo and Raisa travel in secret to Moscow to interview a woman who reported seeing Jora with a stranger in the railway yards. Although Alexei helps them, the interview is unproductive as the woman is too frightened to talk. Due to a large MGB and militia presence at the station, the pair ask Raisa's former colleague and friend Ivan Sukov, who she knows has contacts among dissident groups, to help them get out of Moscow. However, in his apartment they discover clues that he is, in fact, an undercover MGB officer (the cause of the arrests in Raisa's school) and that he has called the authorities. Leo kills him and they escape just before Vasili arrives. Leo tells Raisa that she can leave him if she wishes, but she chooses to stay with him.
Leo and Raisa manage to return to Volsk, but there they are arrested by Vasili and his men for Sukov's murder. After being interrogated, Leo and Raisa are put on a train to a gulag. During the train ride, they are attacked by killers on Vasili's orders; after killing their assailants, Leo and Raisa jump off the train. They hitch a lift to Rostov, where the highest concentration of the serial killer's victims has been found. They correctly reason that the killer must work close to the rail yards there and travel the railway lines to Moscow in the course of his work. Vasili forces Alexei to tell him where they are likely to have gone, promising his family will be safe if he does so; Alexei tells him that Rostov is the likely destination before Vasili shoots him.
In the Rostov tractor factory, Leo identifies the killer by cross-referencing workers' travel assignments with the location and date of the murders. Leo and Raisa pursue the killer, Vladimir Malevich, into the woods and corner him. He surrenders to them and says he cannot control his urges to kill children, but is suddenly shot in the head by Vasili, who has followed Leo and Raisa. Vasili tries to execute them but, after a vicious struggle, they kill him. Leo cleverly tells the MGB agents who arrive that Malevich killed Vasili and that he then shot Malevich.
Leo and Raisa are both reinstated in their old jobs and Kuzmin is removed for his failures. Leo is offered a promotion and a promising political position by his new superior, Major Grachev, if he will agree that Malevich, a former army doctor who spent two years in a German POW camp, was 'turned' by the Germans and sent back to the Soviet Union to wreak havoc there. He refuses the promotion, but requests permission to set up and lead a homicide division in Moscow within the newly created KGB, with the help of General Nesterov. Grachev agrees and Leo in return agrees that Malevich was clearly a Nazi agent.
Leo and Raisa track down Tamara and Elena Okun, go to the orphanage where they have been living, and adopt them.
- Tom Hardy as Captain Leo Demidov
- Noomi Rapace as Raisa Demidova
- Joel Kinnaman as Senior Lieutenant (later Captain) Vasili Nikitin
- Gary Oldman as General Mikhail Nesterov
- Vincent Cassel as Major Kuzmin
- Jason Clarke as Anatoly Brodsky
- Paddy Considine as Vladimir Malevich
- Josef Altin as Alexander
- Sam Spruell as Doctor Tyapkin
- Ned Dennehy as The Coroner
- Fares Fares as Lieutenant Alexei Andreyev
- Nikolaj Lie Kaas as Ivan Sukov
- Mark Lewis Jones as Tortoise
- Anna Rust as Sasha
- Xavier Atkins as Pavel
- Sonny Ashbourne Serkis as Artur
- Kevin Clarke as MGB Agent
- Petr Vanek as Fyodor
- Max Rowntree as Andrej
- David Bowles as Volsk Investigator 2 (uncredited)
- Michael Nardone as Semyon Okun
- Fedja Stukan as Sergei
- Anssi Lindström as Alexander Pickup
- Harmon Joseph as Vadim
- Charles Dance as Major Grachev
- Tara Fitzgerald as Inessa Nesterova
- Samuel Buttery as Varlan Babinic
- Agnieszka Grochowska as Nina Andreeva
Principal photography began in June 2013 in the cities of Prague, Ostrava and Kladno in the Czech Republic, and continued in Romania. For the brief scene in the Moscow underground, the Prague metro was used. It was the first time in its history that it was shut to the public.
Ban in some former USSR republics
On 15 April 2015, the Russian film distributor Central Partnership announced that the film would be withdrawn from cinemas in Russia, although some media stated that screening of the film was blocked by the Russian Ministry of Culture. The decision was made following the press screening the day before. The Ministry of Culture and the Central Partnership issued a joint press release stating that the screening of the film before the 70th anniversary of the Victory Day was unacceptable. The Ministry of Culture claimed that it received several questions on the film's contents, primarily concerning "distortion of historical facts, peculiar treatment of events before, during and after the Great Patriotic War and images and characters of Soviet people of that era". Russian minister of culture Vladimir Medinsky welcomed the decision, but stressed that it was made solely by the Central Partnership. However, in his personal statement Medinsky complained that the film depicts Russians as "physically and morally base sub-humans", and compared the depiction of Soviet Union in the film with J. R. R. Tolkien's Mordor, and wished that such films should be screened neither before the 70th anniversary of the victory in the Great Patriotic War, nor any other time. However, he also stated that the film would be available in Russia on DVD and online.
Ukrainian film director and producer Alexander Rodnyansky criticised the decision not to release Child 44 as bad for the country's film industry. "Before, films where Soviet and Russian heroes were presented not in the best way have been released in Russia, but nothing similar happened. Now everything to do with history should clearly fit into a kind of framework set by the culture ministry."
On Rotten Tomatoes, Child 44 has an approval rating of 27%, based on 82 reviews, with an average score of 4.82/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "There's a gripping story at the heart of Child 44 and a solid performance from Tom Hardy in the lead, but it all still adds up to a would-be thriller that lacks sufficient thrills." On Metacritic, the film has a score of 41 out of 100, based on 25 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews".
Andy Lea of the Daily Star Sunday gave Child 44 three stars out of five. He wrote that "the film is less than a sum of its parts" and is "a little bogged down with subplots". However, Lea said that Hardy "is excellent in the lead role" and Espinosa "crafts some brilliant individual scenes".
Writing in The Guardian, Peter Bradshaw gave the film 2 stars out of 5 and reported that "Tom Rob Smith's page-turning bestseller from 2008 has been turned into a heavy, indigestible meal of a film, full of actors speaking English with very heavy Russian accents – actors from England, Sweden, Lebanon, Poland, Australia, almost anywhere but Russia". Bradshaw added: "Tom Hardy brings his robust, muscular presence to the role of Leo and he is watchable enough, but the forensic and psychological aspects are just dull; there is no fascination in the detection process. […] Everything is immersed in a cloudy brown soup". Also in The Guardian, reviewer Phil Hoad wrote: "Child 44 has a fascinating premise and setting [but] failed to convincingly package this as either an upscale thriller along the lines of Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy, as implied by a powerhouse cast also featuring Gary Oldman, Noomi Rapace and Paddy Considine; or as something racier à la The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo or Gone Girl (indeed, the film itself falls awkwardly between these two stools)". Hoad added, "[a]s for the debacle over the Slavic-slathered English spoken by the entire cast, it further highlights the uncertainty about whether Child 44 was intended for the multiplex or the arthouse. Presumably a decision made to placate the former, opting to turn the film into an Iron Curtain version of 'Allo 'Allo damaged its integrity. Aren't we past this kind of cultural bastardisation? It is possible for foreign-language films to cross over: The Lives of Others, which meted out its own totalitarian intrigue in German, took $66m overseas – the kind of cash Child 44 will never see".
In The Observer, Jonathan Romney found, "In writer Richard Price's boil-down of the labyrinthine original, the whodunit loses all momentum" adding that "the whole thing is scuppered by having everyone speak in borscht-thick Russian accents" before concluding that, "[the film is] shot in several shades of Volga mud and drags like a Thursday afternoon in Nizhniy Novgorod".
- Jonathan McAloon (12 November 2015). "2015's biggest box office flops". The Telegraph. Retrieved 13 July 2018.
- "Child 44 (2015)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- Yamato, Jen (18 February 2014). "Tom Hardy, Noomi Rapace Thriller 'Child 44' Gets April 2015 Date". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
- Guttridge, Peter (1 March 2008). "In pursuit of a Russian Ripper: Tom Rob Smith tells how his tale of a Russian mass murderer sparked a furious bidding war". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
- "Filming of Tom Rob Smith's Child 44 begins". Curtis Brown. 6 August 2013. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
- "Ridley Scott Restricts the Metro". praha.eu.
- "Ridley Scott production takes over metro stations". The Prague Post. Archived from the original on 14 August 2015.
- Davis, Mark (15 April 2015). "Russia bans film adaptation of 'Child 44'". Euronews.com. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- Walker, Shaun (15 April 2015). "Hollywood's 'Child 44' pulled in Russia after falling foul of culture ministry". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- Barraclough, Leo (16 April 2015). "Russia Bans 'Child 44′ for Portraying Soviets as a 'Bloody Mass of Orcs and Ghouls'". Variety. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- "Совместное заявление Министерства культуры РФ и компании "Централ Партнершип"" [Joint Statement of the Ministry of Culture and the company "Central Partnership"]. Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation (in Russian). 15 April 2015. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- "Заявление Министра культуры РФ В.Р.Мединского. К отзыву прокатной заявки фильма "No.44"" [Statement by the Minister of Culture of the Russian Federation V.R.Medinskogo. To review the application of the film "No. 44"]. Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation (in Russian). 15 April 2015. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- "Not in Cinemas, But 'Child 44' Will Be Available in Russia". The Moscow Times. 17 April 2015. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- "Belarus bans Child 44 movie day after Russia". TASS. 16 April 2015. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- "Hollywood movie 'Child 44' will not be shown in Ukraine". Ukraine Today. 17 April 2015. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- "American film Child 44 banned in Kazakhstan for distorting history". azh.kz.
- Holdsworth, Nick (17 April 2015). "'Child 44' Ban Rolls Out Across Former Soviet States". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- Surganov, Elizabeth; Sobolev, Sergei (15 April 2015). "Голливудский фильм про СССР сняли с российского проката" [Hollywood movie about the Soviet Union withdrawn from the Russian market]. RBC (in Russian). Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- "Child 44". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Child 44". Metacritic. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- Lea, Andy (12 April 2015). "Review: Child 44 (15) is 'solid but over-stuffed'". Daily Star Sunday. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- Bradshaw, Peter (16 April 2015). "Child 44 review – where did the thrills go?". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
- Hoad, Phil (22 April 2015). "How is Tom Hardy's $50m Child 44 such a totalitarian fail? : Off to the gulag". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
- Romney, Jonathan (19 April 2015). "And the rest…: Child 44". The Observer (The New Review section). London. p. 29. Retrieved 23 April 2015.