Child labour in Tanzania

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Child labour is common in Tanzania with millions working.[1]:page 593 It is more common with girls rather than boys.[2] Girls are commonly employed as domestic servants, sometimes by force.[1]:page 594 Poor children in particular are trafficked internally for commercial sexual exploitation.[1]:page 594 Tanzania ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1991[3] and the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child in 2003.[4] Tanzania then enacted the Law of the Child Act, 2009.[5] To help implement that Act and provide a mechanism for the reporting of children's rights violations, a free-of-charge helpline is available throughout the country.[6]

In 2013, the U.S. Department of Labor reported in its Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor study that 25% of children aged 5 to 14 are working children. This percentage corresponds to around 3.1 million children.[7] According to the report, despite the Government's moderate advancement in eliminating child labor, children in Tanzania still engage in agricultural and mining activities as indentured labourers. In December 2014, an ILAB List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor reported 8 goods produced in such working conditions in Tanzania, 6 of them are agricultural goods (most importantly coffee, sisal, tea and tobacco). The remaining items are gold and tanzanite.


  1. ^ a b c "'2011 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor – Tanzania" (PDF). U.S. Department of Labor. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 22, 2013. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 
  2. ^ Florence Kondylis; Marco Manacorda (April 2010). "School Proximity and Child Labor Evidence from Rural Tanzania" (PDF). Professor Marco Manacorda, Queen Mary University of London. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 
  3. ^ "Convention on the Rights of the Child". United Nations. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 
  4. ^ "Ratification Table / African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child". African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 
  5. ^ "The Law of the Child Act, 2009" (PDF). Parliamentary On-Line Information System. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 
  6. ^ "welcome to C-Sema". C-Sema. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 
  7. ^ Tanzania, 2013 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor