Child of the Sun
Florida Southern College
|Location||Lakeland, Florida, United States|
|Area||100 acres (0.40 km2)|
|Architect||Frank Lloyd Wright|
|NRHP reference No.||75000568|
|Added to NRHP||11 June 1975|
|Designated NHLD||2 March 2012|
Child of the Sun, is a collective of buildings for the campus of the Florida Southern College in Lakeland, Florida. Also known as the Florida Southern College Architectural District, it was designed by American architect Frank Lloyd Wright from 1941 through 1958. On March 2, 2012 it was designated a National Historic Landmark. The buildings are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and together form the largest collection of buildings by the architect Frank Loyd Wright.
Frank Lloyd Wright was retained by Florida Southern President Ludd M. Spivey in 1938 to develop a master plan for the expansion and growth of the college's campus. Wright was given the opportunity to the plan the campus using ideas about organic integration with the environment that the architect had been developing for some years. As basic design blocks for the campus, Wright adopted a plan based on the idea of orange groves, which have evenly spaced trees forming a grid. For construction, Wright used of textile blocks, which he had developed formally a decade before in his "Textile Block" houses in California. The buildings on the Florida Southern campus could be made of concrete blocks of standard size, whose use simplified design and construction of the buildings. Some of these blocks were formed by the college's students using local materials. The basic plan for the campus was based on ideas Wright had conceived as part of his Broadacre City idea of urban planning.
Sharp Family Tourism and Education Center
Opened in 2013, the Sharp Family Tourism and Education Center features a Wright-designed Usonian house and the GEICO Gift Shop. The center offers self-guided, docent-led, and group tours of this collection of the architect's work that Wright himself proclaimed to be among his best. It is open from 9:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
The buildings within the District include:
- Annie Pfeiffer Chapel – first completed Frank Lloyd Wright structure on the campus, dedicated 1941
- Seminars (now the Financial Aid and Business Office) – completed 1941
- Buckner Building (original Roux Library) – completed 1946
- Watson/Fine Building (Administration Building) – completed 1949
- Water Dome – partially completed 1949, completed and restored in 2007 to Wright's original plans
- Danforth Chapel – completed 1955
- Ordway Building (originally called the Industrial Arts Building) – completed 1952
- Polk County Science Building (called Polk Science by faculty and students) – completed 1958
- The Esplanades – various completion times, currently undergoing restoration
- List of Frank Lloyd Wright works
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Florida
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Polk County, Florida
- "National Register Information System – Florida Southern College Architectural District (#75000568)". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 9 July 2010.
- "Weekly List Of Actions Taken On Properties: 3/12/12 through 3/16/12". National Park Service.
- "NHL nomination for Florida State College Historic District" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 13 Jan 2018.
- Media related to Child of the Sun at Wikimedia Commons
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. FL-323, "Florida Southern College, McDonald & Johnson Avenues, Lakeland, Polk County, FL", 53 photos, 22 data pages, 4 photo caption pages
- HABS No. FL-323-A, "Florida Southern College, Annie Pfeiffer Chapel", 11 photos, 5 color transparencies, 2 photo caption pages
- HABS No. FL-323-B, "Florida Southern College, William H. Danforth Chapel", 3 photos, 1 color transparency, 2 photo caption pages
- HABS No. FL-323-C, "Florida Southern College, Emile E. Watson Administration Building", 9 photos, 1 color transparency, 2 photo caption pages
- HABS No. FL-323-D, "Florida Southern College, E. T. Roux Library", 6 photos, 1 color transparency, 2 photo caption pages
- HABS No. FL-323-E, "Florida Southern College, Esplanade (Walkway)", 4 photos, 1 photo caption page
- HABS No. FL-323-F, "Florida Southern College, Polk Science Building", 10 photos, 1 photo caption page
- HABS No. FL-323-G, "Florida Southern College, Lucius Ordway Arts Building", 7 photos, 1 photo caption page
- HABS No. FL-323-H, "Florida Southern College, Auditorium-Music Building", 4 photos, 1 photo caption page
- Critique of the Child of the Sun
- Child of the Sun Visitor Center