Child sexual abuse in Australia
Child sexual abuse is a matter of concern in Australia, and is the subject of investigation and prosecution under the law, and of academic study into the prevalence, causes and social implications.
According to a report that recorded the types of child abuse reported in Australian states and territories in 2011–12, there were 48,420 substantiated cases of child endangerment, of which 5,828 were cases of sexual abuse. Recent relevant cases include Madden v Callanan  FCCA 59; Hughes v R  NSWCCA 330; R v Maurice Van Ryn  NSWCCA 1.
Evidence from reports indicate that the majority of sexual assaults in Australia are undertaken by perpetrators known to the victims. According to a 2009 report by the Australian Bureau of Statistics, 42% of sexual assaults reported to law enforcement agencies in Australia that year took place against children under the age of 14; this statistic includes sexual assaults that adults said were committed against them when they were under the age of 14. The percentage of cases in which the child had a familial relationship with the perpetrator were: 26% of cases in southern Australia, over 20% of cases in the Australian Capital Territory and Tasmania, 39% of cases in New South Wales, and 30% of cases in Queensland.
In March 2014, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation reported that police had identified about 30 to 40 children under the care of the Department of Human Services of Victoria who have been abused by paedophile gangs.
In March 2006, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation aired a show that contained allegations of large amount of child sexual abuse with Aboriginal communities. As a reaction, the government commissioned a report into child sexual abuse in the Northern Territory, which developed a report with recommendations. From this, there were a series of legislation passed that came to be known as "the intervention", as the government was intervening with these Northern Territory communities. However, this received widespread criticism and has been largely unsuccessful.
Child sexual abuse has been connected to later emotional and behavioural problems in victims, and to an increased tendency toward alcoholism, depression, mental illness, and suicide. In 2007 the Queensland Children's Commission reported that "[s]ome 70% of psychiatric patients are known to have been sexually abused as children". A study carried out in 27 prisons in New South Wales found that 65% of male and female prisoners had been sexually and physically abused as children.
- Dante Arthurs (b. 1984) – raped and murdered a child in a shopping centre in 2007. Sentenced to 13 years imprisonment.
- Robert Bropho (1930–2011) – an Australian Aboriginal rights activist and convicted serial child sex offender from Perth, Western Australia. He was jailed for three years in 2008; however, the Court of Appeals extended the term to six years. He died while serving a six-year sentence.
- Michael Guider (born 1950) – sentenced for multiple instances of child sexual assault.
- Jack Perry (born 1917) – convicted in 1994 of sex offences against a minor.
- Robert Hughes (born 1948) – actor, convicted in 2014.
- Gerald Ridsdale (born 1934) – Catholic priest, convicted of multiple child sexual offences.
- Steve Randell (born 1956) – former Australian Test cricket match umpire whose cricket and professional careers ended when he was convicted in August 1999 of 15 separate counts of sexual assault against nine schoolgirls between 1981 and 1982. He was sentenced to four years imprisonment with a two-year minimum, and was released on parole in May 2002.
- Brian Keith Jones (born 1947) – in 1981, he was sentenced to 14 years imprisonment with a non-parole period of 12 years. In 2006, he was sentenced to an indefinite term for breaching the parole conditions.
- Robert 'Dolly' Dunn (1941–2009) – a school teacher working for the Marist Brothers, a Catholic religious order. He had committed 24 sexual offences against young boys over a 10-year period to 1995. Charges also included three drug charges. In 2001, he was sentenced to 30 years imprisonment with a non-parole period of 22 and a half years.
- Dennis Ferguson (1948–2012) – in 1988, he kidnapped and sexually abused three children, and was sentenced to 14 years imprisonment.
- William Kamm (born 1950) – religions cult leader, convicted of child sexual abuse, sentenced to five years imprisonment for sexually assaulting a girl.
- Terry Martin (born 1957) – Tasmanian parliamentarian, on 21 November 2011 was convicted of creating child pornography and having sex with a 12-year-old girl.
- Child sexual abuse in United Kingdom
- Australian Cardinal George Pell, Prefect (on leave) of the Holy See's Secretariat for the Economy in the Roman Curia, and Archbishop Emeritus of Sydney and Melbourne (charges of possible old cases of alleged sexual abuse of minors were made by Australian police against him in June 2017, but he has yet to go to trial or be convicted or face more severe clerical/criminal penalties- he is the highest-ranking clergyman in the Catholic Church to be accused of sex crimes against minors)
- "Child abuse and neglect statistics – Child Family Community Australia". Australian Institute of Family Studies. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
- Madden v Callanan  FCCA 59
- Hughes v R  NSWCCA 330
- R v Maurice Van Ryn  NSWCCA 1
- Ramplin, Kimberley (3 April 2014). "Child abuse: Enough talk of empowerment in the abstract". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
- Oakes, Dan (12 March 2014). "Paedophile gangs targeting children in state care in Victoria for sexual abuse". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
- "Rhetoric, Aboriginal Australians and the Northern Territory Intervention: A Socio-legal Investigation into Pre-legislative Argumentation". International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy. 5: 131. doi:10.5204/ijcjsd.v5i1.285.
- "Child Sexual Assault: Facts and Statistics" (PDF). Bravehearts Inc. December 2012. pp. 27–29. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- "Child Sexual Assault: Facts and Statistics" (2012), p. 31.
- Weber, David (8 November 2007). "Inquiry called into WA child-killer case bungle" (transcript). AM (ABC Radio). Australia.
- Bennett, Cortlan (9 November 2007). "Child killer Dante Arthurs stalked up to 12 girls". Perth Now. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- "Aboriginal elder Robert Bropho dies". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 25 October 2011. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
- "The deadly silence that doomed Samantha". The Sydney Morning Herald. 8 June 2002. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
- "TV clown Zag dies". The Age. 5 August 2004. Retrieved 10 April 2014.
- Murphy, Padraic; Hadfield, Shelley (14 May 2011). "Defiant Derryn Hinch in new pedophile claim". The Australian. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- Howden, Saffron (9 April 2014). "Hey Dad! actor Sarah Monahan wants Robert Hughes to go to jail for child sex offences". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- Ellingsen, Peter (14 June 2002). "Ballarat's good men of the cloth". The Age. Retrieved 19 June 2010.
- Berry, Jamie (11 August 2006). "Victims slam pedophile sentence". The Age. Retrieved 25 November 2009.
- Woolford, Don (1 May 2002). "Paedophile umpire could work again". The Age. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- "Man Jailed for 14 Years on Mt Baldy Offense". The Age. 4 June 1981. p. 18. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- "Crimes (Serious Sex Offenders) Amendment Bill 2013". Parliament of New South Wales. 13 March 2013. Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
- "'Dolly' Dunn's sentence slashed by 10 years". The Sydney Morning Herald. 21 December 2004. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
- Lawrence, Kara (19 September 2009). "Inside the mind of evil predator, convicted paedophile Dennis Ferguson". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 23 September 2009.
- "Terry Martin guilty of sex crimes against prostitute, 12". News Limited. 21 November 2011. Retrieved 14 May 2014.