Children's Mercy Hospital

Coordinates: 39°05′06″N 94°34′48″W / 39.085°N 94.580°W / 39.085; -94.580
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Children's Mercy Kansas City
Adele Hall Campus
Children's Mercy Hospital is located in Missouri
Children's Mercy Hospital
Location2401 Gillham Road, Kansas City, Missouri, United States
Coordinates39°05′06″N 94°34′48″W / 39.085°N 94.580°W / 39.085; -94.580
Care systemPrivate
FundingNon-profit hospital
Affiliated universityUniversity of Kansas
University of Missouri-Kansas City
Emergency departmentYes (Adele Hall Campus and Children's Mercy Hospital Kansas)[1]
HelipadYes (two at Adele Hall Campus and one at Children's Mercy Hospital Kansas)
ListsHospitals in Missouri

Children's Mercy Kansas City is a 390-bed[2] medical center in Kansas City, Missouri providing care for pediatric patients. The hospital's primary service area covers a 150-county area in Missouri and Kansas. Children's Mercy received national recognition from U.S. News & World Report in 10 pediatric specialties.[3] The hospital was the first in Missouri and Kansas to receive Magnet Recognition for Excellence in Nursing Services from the American Nurses Credentialing Center and has been re-designated five times.[4]

Children's Mercy Hospital is the primary location for Children's Mercy Kansas City. The hospital was founded in 1897 by two sisters, a surgeon and a dentist. The hospital quickly grew and expanded its services to all children in the region. In fiscal year 2021, the hospital provided more than $119 million in uncompensated care, including charity care, unreimbursed Medicaid (and other means-tested government programs), and subsidized health services.[5]


Berry sisters[edit]

Alice Berry Graham

Katharine and Alice Berry came to Kansas City from Wisconsin in 1893. They put each other through school; Katharine being the first to get her medical degree while Alice worked as a schoolteacher, and then obtained her dentist degree—both male-only professions during the 19th century. The women were excluded from professional medical groups because of their gender, and their entrepreneurial spirit was discouraged. But the two persevered and, due to their widowed status, they were permitted to control their own finances, which they poured into their medical work with children.[6]

Children's Mercy Hospital was founded in 1897 when Dr. Katharine Berry Richardson, now a surgeon, and her sister Dr. Alice Berry Graham, a dentist, found a crippled, malnourished girl abandoned in the streets of Kansas City, Missouri and treated and cared for her at a rented bed in a hospital. Since no hospital in the city allowed a female physician on the staff, the sisters continued treating patients by renting beds in a small hospital.[7]

The beds soon became known as the "Mercy Bed". The sisters formed the Free Bed Fund Association for Crippled, Deformed, and Ruptured Children and in 1901, changing it to The Children's Mercy Hospital in 1919.[8]

At first, the public ridiculed the sisters' work, especially the Berry sisters' belief of women-only staffers. Some people believed women should work in the home and not be physicians. But as societal norms changed, the ridicule lessened and public opinion allowed the hospital to grow.

The sisters bought a home in 1903 to work as a hospital, sheltering children. The sisters and few staff members begged for supplies, volunteers, and monetary support. Dr. Kate (Katharine Richardson) would keep a sign near the street, letting the public know the needs of the hospital, such as new sheets, pillow cases, bath towels and canned food.[9]

In 1915, construction on what would be the first official hospital began at Independence Avenue. The hospital stayed on the avenue until 1970, when it moved to its current location on Hospital Hill.

When Hurricane Katrina first hit New Orleans in August 2005, Children's Mercy (along with other hospitals) sent helicopters to Tulane Medical Center, Ochsner, and CHNOLA in order to help evacuate pediatric patients from the hospital.[10][11][12] Along with helicopters, CMH sent two C-130s to aid in large scale evacuation of pediatric patients from New Orleans.[13]


Significant events in the hospital's history include:[14]

  • 1897: The Free Bed Fund Association of Sick, Crippled, Deformed and Ruptured Children opened its doors with one rented bed on June 24.
  • 1901: Central Governing Board of the Free Bed Fund approves the Mercy name.
  • 1903: Officially called Mercy Hospital, the new hospital opens in its own building with five beds at 414 Highland Avenue.
  • 1917: The hospital moves to Independence and Woodland on November 27.
  • 1970: Hospital staff moves 39 children to the hospital's current location, on Hospital Hill 2401 Gillham Road.
  • 1995: Five-story Hall Family Outpatient Center opens
  • 1996: The seven-story Herman and Helen Sutherland Inpatient Tower open.
  • 1997: Children's Mercy South opens in Overland Park, Kansas in October.
  • 2000: The Paul and Betty Henson Patient Tower, a complement to the Sutherland Tower, opens.
  • 2003: Awarded Magnet designation for nursing excellence, the first hospital in Missouri or Kansas and just the third children's hospital to achieve this honor from the American Nurses Credentialing Center.
  • 2003: Pediatric Research Center opens on top the two floors of the new Clinic and Research Building on Hospital Hill.
  • 2004: Children's Mercy South expansion opens. Renamed Children's Mercy Hospital - Kansas in 2015
  • 2009: Bioethics Center opens.
  • 2012: Children's Mercy East opens in Independence, Missouri
  • 2012: The Elizabeth Ann Hall Patient Tower opens on Hospital Hill.
  • 2012: Children's Mercy opens the Center for Pediatric Genomic Medicine.
  • 2013: Children's Mercy Blue Valley opens in Overland Park, Kansas, housing urgent care and sports medicine services, including a gym for sports therapy and rehabilitation.
  • 2013: Children's Mercy Wichita, a regional referral center opens in Wichita, Kansas.
  • 2015: Children's Mercy performs its first heart transplant.
  • 2020: Children's Mercy Furlough's 575 Employees and permanently lays off 60 for the first time in the history of the hospital.
  • 2021: Children's Mercy opens the Children's Mercy Research Institute in a new, 9-story, 375,000 square-foot building.[15]
  • 2022: Children's Mercy recognizes 125th anniversary.


Children's Mercy has multiple sites of care, including one hospital in Overland Park, Kansas and another in downtown Kansas City, Missouri.


The research program at the Children's Mercy Research Institute features 375,000 square-feet of dedicated clinical research space[16] and over 100 physicians and scientists actively participating in research studies.

It is one of the 10 stakeholder institutions in the Kansas City Area Life Sciences Institute, which also includes the University of Kansas, MRI Global, the University of Missouri-Kansas City and the Stowers Institute.[17]

The hospital's research is focused on five areas of emphasis:

  • Genomic Medicine
  • Precision Therapeutics
  • Population Health
  • Health Care Innovation
  • Emerging Infections

The hospital is one of 13 designated Pediatric Pharmacology Research Units.[18] Hospital clinical pharmacologists work closely with the Pediatric Trials Network, researching and developing accurate drug doses and devices for children.

In 2012, the hospital's Center for Pediatric Genomic Medicine developed the rapid whole genome sequencing approach.

Genomic Answers for Kids (GA4K), which began in 2019, is the pediatric data repository to facilitate the search for answers and novel treatments for these conditions. In 2022, GA4K reported having identified 1,000 rare diagnoses and has enrolled more than 10,000 participants to date into GA4K.

Clinical care[edit]

Children's Mercy Hospital is located on the Children's Mercy Adele Hall campus. Hospital services include a Level 1 Children's Surgery Center; a Level 1 Trauma Center; a Level IV Intensive Care Nursery; heart, liver, kidney, blood and marrow transplant programs; and more than 40 pediatric subspecialty clinics.


Children's Mercy is an Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education Institutional Sponsor and focuses on the development of programs based on the ACGME core competencies and the acquisition of clinical skills.

Children's Mercy is academically affiliated with both the University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine and the University of Kansas and offers a pediatric residency program that annually accepts 27 categorical pediatric residents, one preliminary resident, three combined pediatrics/neurology residents and six internal medicine/pediatrics residents.[19] Children's Mercy also offers 42 subspecialty fellowship programs to train the next generation of pediatric subspecialists.[20]

In addition, Children's Mercy hosts over 600 residents from partnering institutions in Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma and Nebraska. Several hundred health care students rotate through Children's Mercy annually.

Rankings and performance[edit]

Children's Mercy Hospital is one of 89 facilities in the United States that made national rankings in at least one of 10 pediatric specialties analyzed for the 2022-23 Best Children's Hospitals, by U.S. News & World Report. The hospital has consecutively been nationally ranked in at least 10 of the 10 pediatric specialty areas:[3]

  • Cancer
  • Cardiology and heart surgery
  • Diabetes and endocrinology
  • Gastroenterology and GI surgery
  • Neonatology
  • Nephrology
  • Neurology and neurosurgery
  • Orthopedics
  • Pulmonology and lung surgery
  • Urology

The highest ranking is nephrology at #4.[3]

The hospital has been designated a "Magnet Recognized" center by the American Nurses Credentialing Center.

Children's Mercy earned "LGBTQ Healthcare Equality Leader" designation in 2022 by receiving a top score of 100 on Human Rights Campaign (HRC) Foundation's Healthcare Equality Index (HEI).[22]

Children's Mercy earned Forbes' "America's Best-In-State Employers Missouri" designation in 2022 by ranking among the final list of employers that received the most recommendations. Children's Mercy ranked second for the best employer in the state of Missouri.[23]

Children's Mercy earned the 2022-2023 Platinum Level Healthy KC Certified from the Greater Kansas City Chamber of Commerce.[24]

Naming rights[edit]

On November 19, 2015, Children's Mercy announced a ten-year partnership with Sporting Kansas City. The deal includes Children's Mercy getting the naming rights to the team's stadium, now named Children's Mercy Park, as well as the team's training center and the championship field and training center at Swope Soccer Village. The partnership focuses on strengthening the community by improving access to pediatric-trained sports medicine, protecting youth athletes and providing education to coaches and parents. In 2017, the hospital opened a Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Center at the United States Soccer Federation National Training Center, in Kansas.[25][26]


In March 2022, Missouri senator Mike Cierpiot accused Children's Mercy of abusing child welfare services to remove children from the parents' home.[27]


  1. ^ "Emergency and Urgent Care", Retrieved on 6 November 2011. Archived November 26, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Children's Mercy Facts". Retrieved 2022-05-22.
  3. ^ a b c "Children's Mercy Hospitals and Clinics". U.S. News & World Report. Archived from the original on 2014-10-16. Retrieved 2022-09-26.
  4. ^ "Nurses". Children's Mercy Hospital. Archived from the original on 20 November 2015. Retrieved 19 November 2015.
  5. ^ "Community Benefit".
  6. ^ Women of Vision, Beatrice Johns, ImagineInk Publishing Company, Inc., 2004
  7. ^ "Alice Berry Graham (1850-1913) and Katherine Berry Richardson (1858-1933)". Women in Health Sciences. Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine. 2004. Web. 25 Aug. 2011
  8. ^ For All Children Everywhere. Chandler Lake Books. 2017. pp. 25–29.
  9. ^ Johns, Beatrice. Women of Vision. p. 17.
  10. ^ Baldwin, Steve; Robinson, Andria; Barlow, Pam; Fargason, Crayton A. (2006-05-01). "Moving Hospitalized Children All Over the Southeast: Interstate Transfer of Pediatric Patients During Hurricane Katrina". Pediatrics. 117 (Supplement 4): S416–S420. doi:10.1542/peds.2006-0099O. ISSN 0031-4005. PMID 16735276.
  11. ^ Landry, Brian T. (30 August 2010). "Children's Hospital Faces Hurricane Katrina: Five Years After the Storm". RACmonitor. Archived from the original on 2020-09-27. Retrieved 2020-10-12.
  12. ^ Gardner, Jay (2006). "Escape from New Orleans: A pediatrician's diary". Stanford Medicine Magazine. Stanford University School of Medicine. Retrieved 2020-10-12.
  13. ^ "Hurricane Katrina: Lessons Learned - Chapter Four: A Week of Crisis (August 29 - September 5)". The White House. Retrieved 2020-10-12.
  14. ^ "History". Children's Mercy Hospital. 2015. Archived from the original on 2016-12-01. Retrieved 2017-01-05.
  15. ^ "Children's Mercy Research Institute".
  16. ^ Celebrating Transformational Gifts for Pediatric Research. YouTube. Archived from the original on 2021-12-11.
  17. ^ "Stakeholder Institutions". Kansas City Area Life Sciences Institute (KCALSI). Archived from the original on 3 May 2014. Retrieved 27 August 2014.
  18. ^ "Pediatric Pharmacology Research Units (PPRU) Network". NICHD. Archived from the original on 2014-09-12.
  19. ^ "Pediatric Residency Program FAQs". Children's Mercy Hospital. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 27 August 2014.
  20. ^ "Fellowship Programs". Children's Mercy Hospital. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 27 August 2014.
  21. ^ Harder, Ben (June 14, 2022). "Best Children's Hospitals 2022-23 Honor Roll and Overview". U.S. News & World Report.
  22. ^ "HEI 2022 LGBTQ+ Healthcare Equality Leaders". Retrieved 13 March 2023.
  23. ^ "America's Best Employers By State (2022)". Forbes. Retrieved 13 March 2023.
  24. ^ "2022 Workplace Wellness Certified Healthy KC Companies". Greater Kansas City Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 13 March 2023.
  25. ^ McDowell, Sam. "National soccer education and training center gets final approval for construction in Kansas City, Kan". The Kansas City Star. Archived from the original on 19 November 2015. Retrieved 19 November 2015.
  26. ^ Augustine, Lisa; Jacobson, Jake. "Children's Mercy and Sporting Kansas City announce youth health and pediatric sports medicine initiative". Children's Mercy Hospital. Archived from the original on 19 November 2015. Retrieved 19 November 2015.
  27. ^ "Missouri senator says kids "abducted by Children's Mercy Hospital"". 2022-03-08.

External links[edit]