Chilean Air Force

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Chilean Air Force
Coat of arms of the Chilean Air Force.svg
Coat of arms of the Chilean Air Force
Founded March 21, 1930
Country Chile
Part of Chilean Armed Forces
Motto "Quam celerrime ad astra"
March Alte Kameraden
Anniversaries March 21 (Air Force Day)
Commanders
Commander in chief of the Air Force General del Aire (Air General) Jorge Robles Mella
Insignia
Roundel Chilean Air Force roundel.svg Chilean Roundel low visibility.svg
Roundel 1918–1930 Roundel of Chile 1918.svg
Aircraft flown
Attack Lockheed F-16 Fighting Falcon
Electronic
warfare
707 Cóndor AEW&C
Fighter Lockheed F-16 Fighting Falcon, Northrop F-5E Tiger III
Trainer T-35 Pillán, Super Tucano, T-36 Halcón
Transport UH-1H Huey, Bell 412EP, UH-60 Black Hawk, C-130 Hercules

The Chilean Air Force (Spanish: Fuerza Aérea de Chile, FACh) is the air force of Chile, a branch of the Chilean military.

History[edit]

The first step towards the current FACh was taken by Teniente Coronel Pedro Pablo Dartnell, when he founded the Servicio de Aviación Militar de Chile (Military Aviation Service of Chile) on December 20, 1910, being trained as a pilot in France. Although a school was included, the first officers were sent to France for their training as well. One of them, Captain Manuel Ávalos Prado, took command over the Chilean military aviation school that was officially instated 11 February 1913, and remained in command until 1915. The Escuela de Aviación Militar (Military Aviation School) was named in honor of him in 1944, and still carries that name today.

In those early years many aviation milestones were achieved; conquering the height of the Andes was one of the main targets as well as long distance flights. Typical aircraft of that era were Avro 504, Bleriot XI, Bristol M.1C, DH.9, and SE5a. In the following decade, the (Airmail Line of Chile) Línea Aeropostal de Chile was created on 5 March 1929 as a branch of the military aviation. This postal airline later developed into the airline Línea Aérea Nacional (National Airline) that is still the leading airline in Chile today. Shortly afterwards, on 21 March 1930, the existing aviation elements of the army and navy were amalgamated into a dedicated department: the Subsecretaria de Aviación (Department of the Air Force) effectively creating the current independent Air Force. It was initially named Fuerza Aérea Nacional (National Air Force). The international airport of Chile carries the name of Lan's founding father and first commander of the air force, Air Commodore Arturo Merino Benítez. Its baptism of fire was in the 1931 sailors' rebellion in Coquimbo, where Air Force attack aircraft and bombers and 2 transport planes converted into bombers contributed to its failure.

The first outlines of the organization of the current air force were visible in 1945 with the inception of Grupo de Transporte No.1 (First Transport Group), later renumbered Grupo 10, with two C-45s and a single T-6 Texan at Los Cerrillos. Two years later the first Fuerza Aérea flight to Antarctica was performed. The fifties meant entry into the jet age for the FACh, and Grupo 7 was the first unit to receive them in 1954. Chile got its aircraft from both the United States and Europe. The American supply consisted of Lockheed F-80, Lockheed T-33, Beech T-34 Mentor, Cessna T-37, Cessna A-37 Dragonfly and Northrop F-5E/F for example, whereas the British supplied Hawker Hunters and the French delivered various helicopters and Dassault Mirage 50 aircraft.

The Chilean air force hosted the joint exercise Salitre with other friendly nations. It also participated in several United Nations peacekeeping missions overseas in 5 occasions.

Commanders-in-chief[edit]

Order of Battle[edit]

Personnel = 10,600 (including 700 conscripts)

Office of the Commander in Chief, Chilean Air Force[edit]

Combat Command of the Air Force[edit]

The Delphos building, designed by the Division of Infrastructure Logistics Command Air Force

.

First Air Brigade with headquarters in Los Cóndores Air Base (Base Aérea Los Cóndores) in Iquique

  • 1st Aviation Group
  • 2nd Aviation Group
  • 3rd Aviation Group
  • 24th Air Defense Group
  • 34th Electronic Detection Group
  • 44th Aviation Infantry Group

Second Air Brigade with headquarters in Pudahuel Air Base (Base Aérea Pudahuel) in Santiago

Third Air Brigade with headquarters in El Tepual Air Base (Base Aérea El Tepual) in Puerto Montt

  • 5th Aviation Group
  • 25th Air Defense Group
  • 35th Electronic Detection Group

Fourth Air Brigade with headquarters in Chabunco Air Base (Base Aérea Chabunco) in Punta Arenas

  • 6th Aviation Group
F-16D Block 50M of Chilean Air Force
  • 12th Aviation Group
  • 23rd Air Defense Group
  • 33rd Electronic Detection Group
  • 19th Antarctic Exploration Group

Fifth Air Brigade with headquarters in Cerro Moreno Air Base (Base Aérea Cerro Moreno) in Antofagasta

  • 7th Aviation Group
  • 8th Aviation Group
  • 21st Air Defense Group
  • 31st Electronic Detection Group

Personnel Command[edit]

Education Division

  • Aviation School "Captain Manuel Ávalos Prado"
  • Air Specialties School "Flight Sergeant Adolfo Menadier Rojas"
  • NCO Perfectioning School
  • Air War Academy
  • Aeronautical Polytechnical Academy
  • Air Photographic Surveying Service

Health Division
General Hospital of the Air Force
Air Force High Command Prefecture

Logistics Command[edit]

Maintenance Division
Administration Division
Infrastructure Division

Aircraft[edit]

Current inventory[edit]

A Chilean Air Force F-5E in flight
The EB-707 Condor surveillance aircraft
A Bell 412 on lift off
A LR-35A Learjet fly over
Aircraft Origin Type Variant In service Notes
Combat Aircraft
F-16  United States multirole F-16A/C/D 39[1] 29 F-16A MLUs were acquired from the RNAF
F-5  United States fighter F-5E 9[2]
AWACS
Boeing 707  United States early warning and control 1[2] system developed by Israel Aerospace Industries
Reconnaissance
Learjet 35  United States surveillance RC-21 2[3]
Cirrus SR22  United States observation / liaison 2[2] 1 on order[2]
Tanker
KC-135  United States aerial refueling KC-135E 3[2]
Transport
Boeing 737  United States VIP 1[2]
Boeing 767  United States VIP / transport 1[3][4]
Cessna Citation  United States VIP CJ1 4[2]
C-130 Hercules  United States transport C-130B/H 3[2]
CASA C-212  Spain utility / transport 3[2]
DHC-6  Canada utility transport 11[2]
Helicopters
Bell 412  United States utility 15[2]
UH-1  United States utility UH-1H 14[2]
Trainer Aircraft
F-16  United States jet trainer F-16B 11[2]
F-5  United States jet trainer F-5F 2[2]
EMB 314  Brazil advanced trainer 12[2]
T-35  Chile trainer 27[2] 5 on order[2]
Bell 206  United States trainer 4[2]
UAV
Hermes 900  Israel surveillance 3[5]

Future Aircraft[edit]

The Chilean government has signed letter of intent to purchase six Embraer KC-390 tanker/transport aircraft.[2][6]

Air Defense[edit]

Chile aquried 3 NASAMS systems like this one
Name Origin Type In service Notes
SAM
NASAMS  Norway SAM system 3[7]
Sistema Mygale  France SAM system 2[7]
Anti-aircraft artillery
M163 VADS  United States mobile anti-aircraft gun 44[7] weapon is a self-propelled anti-aircraft gun
M167 Vulcan  United States towed anti-aircraft gun 66[7]
Oerlikon 35 mm twin cannon   Switzerland towed anti-aircraft gun

Armament[edit]

Paveway II laser guided bomb
Illustration of an AGM -65 Maverick
Mark 84 gereral purpose bomb
Name Origin Type Notes
Air-to-air missile
AIM-120 C5/C7 AMRAAM[7]  United States beyond-visual-range missile initial 100 missiles obtained[7]
AIM-9 Sidewinder[7]  United States initial 200 missiles obtained (from 2010 to 2013)[7]
RAFAEL Derby  Israel beyond-visual-range missile
RAFAEL Python 4  Israel
Air-to-surface missile
AGM-65 Maverick[7]  United States
General-purpose bomb
Mark 84  United States
Mark 82  United States
GBU-12 Paveway II  United States laser-guided bomb
GBU-24 Paveway III  United States laser-guided bomb
Anti-ship missile
AGM-84 Harpoon[7]  United States

Industry[edit]

Chile also maintains its own aviation industry, ENAER. The design of the T-35 Pillán trainer, based on the Piper PA-28 Dakota, is the best known example, seeing some export success as well. Furthermore, the assembly of the A-36/T-36 Halcón (CASA C-101) was achieved as well. Performing maintenance on most types in the current inventory, such as minor modifications on F-5E aircraft for example, the industry is of significant importance to the air force. ENAER is reported to be in talks with Embraer of Brazil to codesign the first indigenous South American military transport plane. Also, under the Pacer Amstel programme, with initial Dutch support, and later locally ENAER upgraded an F-16 combat jet, which for the Chilean Air Force is an advance for their maintenance of the F-16 fleet (becoming the 5th country to modify under authorization their jets).

Ranks of the Chilean Air Force[edit]

Ranks and insignia, similar to the Royal Air Force but adapted to suit the origins of the Chilean Air Force, are worn on shoulder collars and cuffs. General officers have the Condor eagle in their shoulder collars while officer cadets have a unique symbol, that of the Aviation School "Captain Manuel Ávalos Prado", on their shoulder collars. On the NCOs and enlistees, only Subofficer Majors and Subofficers wear both shoulder and cuff insignia, while Graduate Soldiers wear a double capital letter E (for the Air Force Specialties School "First Sergeant Adolfo Menandier Rojas") on their shoulder collars alongside their unique cuff marking.

Officer Ranks (SS.OO.)[edit]

The officer ranking system and insignia are similar to the RAF pattern of ranks, save for the General officer ranks, modified to suit the British style ranks, and the Colonel rank.[8] Other ranks with foreign influences are that of Air Brigade General, a general officer rank in the French Air Force, and Air General, a general officer rank in the Spanish Air Force and the Bolivian and Colombian air forces.

Rank[9] General Officer Superior Officer Chief Officer Junior Officer Cadet Officer
Shoulder SS.OO.1.- GDA.svg SS.OO.2.- GAV.svg SS.OO.3.- GBA.svg SS.OO.4.- COM.svg SS.OO.5.- CDA.svg SS.OO.6.- CDG.svg Fach escu.png SS.OO.8.- CDB.svg SS.OO.9.- TTE.svg SS.OO.10.- STE.svg SS.OO.11.- ALF.svg CADETE EAV.svg
Sleeve (service dress) SS.OO.1.B - GDA.svg SS.OO.2.B - GAV.svg SS.OO.3.B - GBA.svg SS.OO.4.B - COM.svg SS.OO.5.B - CDA.svg SS.OO.6.B - CDG.svg SS.OO.7.B - CDE.svg SS.OO.8.B - CDB.svg SS.OO.9.B - TTE.svg SS.OO.10.B - STE.svg SS.OO.11.B - ALF.svg
Sleeve (full dress) SS.OO.1.- GDA - GALA -.svg SS.OO.2.- GAV - GALA -.svg SS.OO.3.- GBA - GALA -.svg SS.OO.4.- COM - GALA -.svg SS.OO.5.- CDA - GALA -.svg SS.OO.6.- CDG - GALA -.svg SS.OO.7.- CDE - GALA -.svg SS.OO.8.- CDB - GALA -.svg SS.OO.9.- TTE - GALA -.svg SS.OO.10.- STE - GALA-.svg SS.OO.11.- ALF - GALA.svg
Rank General del Aire General de Aviación General de Brigada Aérea Comodoro Coronel de Aviación Comandante de Grupo Comandante de Escuadrilla Capitán de Bandada Teniente Subteniente Alférez Cadete
Abbreviation (C.J.) (G.D.A.) (G.B.A.) (-) (C.D.A.) (C.D.G.) (C.D.E.) (C.D.B.) (TTE.) (STE.) (ALF.) -
Translation Air General Aviation General Air Brigade General Commodore Aviation Colonel Group Commander Squadron Commander Flight Captain Lieutenant Sub-lieutenant Ensign Cadet Officer
Equivalent Air Chief Marshal Air Marshal Air Vice-Marshal Air Commodore
(optional rank for senior Group Captains)
Group Captain Wing Commander Squadron Leader Flight Lieutenant Flying Officer Pilot Officer Acting Pilot Officer Officer Cadet

[10]

Noncommissioned and Enlisted Ranks[11][edit]

Rank Subofficer Major Subofficer Class Student Conscripted Soldier
Shoulder PCP.1 - H.SOM.svg PCP.2 - H.SOF.svg PCP.3 - H.SG1.svg FACH Alumno (hombro).png
Sleeve PCP.1 - B. SOM.svg PCP.2 - B.SOF.svg PCP.3 - B.SG1.svg PCP.4 - SG2.svg PCP.5 - CB1.svg PCP.6 - CB2.svg PCP.7 - CBO.svg FACh Alumno (brazo).png
Rank Suboficial Mayor Suboficial Sargento 1° Sargento 2° Cabo 1° Cabo 2° Cabo Alumno Soldado Conscripto
Abbreviation (SOM) (SOF) (SG1) (SG2) (CBO1) (CBO2) (CBO) - -
Translation Sub-officer Major Sub-officer First Sergeant Second Sergeant First Corporal Second Corporal Corporal Student Conscript Soldier
Equivalent Warrant Officer Warrant Officer Flight Sergeant Sergeant Corporal Senior Aircraftman (Air Groups and Topography Service),
Lance Corporal(Antiaircraft Artillery Regiment, Personnel Command and Logistics)
Leading Aircraftman Student NCO Aircraftman

Badges of the Chilean Air Force[edit]

Officers[edit]

Officer[12] Line Corps
Badge Aire.svg FACh.Ingenieros.svg FACh.Defensa Antiaérea.svg FACh.Telecomunicaciones e Informática.svg FACh.Administración.svg FACh.Base Aérea.svg
Arm of service Aviation Engineering Air Defense Telecommunications and Information Technology Administration Air Base
Abbreviation (A) (I) (DA) (TI) (AD) (BA)
Specialty Aviators (Fighter, Helicopter) and Air transport officers Aviation engineers Air defense Information and telecommunications engineers Engineers assigned to administrative duties Logistics
Officer[12] Services/Staff Corps
Badge FACh.Justicia.svg FACh.Sanidad.svg FACh.Servicio Religioso.svg FACh.Bandas.svg FACh.Servicios Generales.svg
Arm of service Justice Medical Corps
Dental Corps
Chaplainancy Bands Service General Services Corps
Abbreviation (J) (S) y (SD) (SR) (B) (SG)
Specialty Attorneys and Judges Doctors, Nurses and Dentists
of various specialties
Chaplains Musicians Professional workers and civilian employees

Non-commissioned officers and airmen[edit]

NCOs and airmen of the[12] Line Corps Services Corps
Badge Suboficiales.png -
Arm of service Weapons Technical support Administration Combat medicine and surgery
Specially Air Defense
Intelligence personnel
Aircrews
Maintenance and armaments
Communications, information technology and electronics
Air Operations Support
Administrative staff Combat medics and surgeons

Officers' cap badges[edit]

Chilean Air Force officers wear the following cap badges in their peaked caps.

Rank cap badge[9] Air Generals and Air Commodores Colonels and Group Commanders Ensigns through Squadron Commanders
Full dress Gorras FACh1- Oficial General Gala -.svg Gorras FACh2- Oficial CDA CDG Gala -.svg Gorras FACh3 - Oficial CDE a ALF Gala -.svg
Service dress Gorras FACh1- Oficial General Servicio -.svg Gorras FACh2- Oficial CDA CDG Servicio -.svg Gorras FACh3 - Oficial CDE a ALF Servicio -.svg
Rank Air General Aviation General Air Brigade General Air Commodore Aviation Colonel Group Commander Squadron Commander Flight Captain Lieutenant Sublieutenant Ensign

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "Chilean Air Force". f-16.net. Retrieved 27 February 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "World Air Forces 2015 pg. 13". Flightglobal Insight. 2015. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "World Air Forces 2011/12". flightglobal insight. Retrieved 16 February 2015. 
  4. ^ "Chilean Air Force Boeing 767". flightglobal.com. Retrieved 10 February 2015.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  5. ^ "Chilean navy considers Hermes 900". flightglobal.com. Retrieved 10 February 2015. 
  6. ^ "How Embraer attracted a global audience to the KC-390". flightglobal.com. Retrieved 10 February 2015. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Trade Registers. Armstrade.sipri.org. Retrieved on 2015-02-18.
  8. ^ "FREEhosting.cz - Hosting web strnek zdarma". Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  9. ^ a b Grados
  10. ^ http://www.fach.cl/grados.htm
  11. ^ "FREEhosting.cz - Hosting web strnek zdarma". Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  12. ^ a b c [1]

External links[edit]