Chilean cruiser Esmeralda (1895)

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Chilean cruiser Esmeralda (1895).jpg
Cruiser Esmeralda
History
Chile
Name: Esmeralda
Namesake: Esmeralda (1791)
Ordered: 15 May 1895
Builder: Armstrong Mitchell and Co. Ltd, Elswick
Laid down: 4 July 1895[1]
Launched: 14 April 1896[1]
Commissioned: 4 September 1896[1]
Decommissioned: 1930
Fate: Scrapped 1930
General characteristics [1]
Type: Armoured cruiser
Displacement: 7,032 long tons (7,145 t)
Length:
  • 436 ft (132.89 m) pp
  • 468 ft 3 in (142.72 m) oa
Beam: 52 ft 5 in (15.98 m)
Draft: 20 ft 6 in (6.25 m)
Installed power:
  • 16,000 ihp (12,000 kW) (natural draft)
  • 18,000 ihp (13,000 kW) (forced draft)
Propulsion:
  • Two vertical triple expansion steam engines
  • 6 cylindrical boilers
  • 2 shafts
Speed:
  • 22.25 kn (25.60 mph; 41.21 km/h) (natural draft)
  • 23 kn (26 mph; 43 km/h)
Complement: 513
Armament:
Armor:
  • Harvey steel
  • Belt: 6 in (152 mm)
  • Deck:1 12–2 in (38–51 mm)
  • Bulkheads: 6 in (152 mm)
  • Gunshields:4 12 in (110 mm)
  • Conning tower: 8 in (203 mm)

Esmeralda was developed as a custom design by naval architect Philip Watts for the Chilean Navy.

On 18 December 1907, the ship brought troops from Valparaíso to Iquique to repress thousands of miners from different nitrate mines in Chile's north who were appealing for government intervention to improve their living and working conditions. This later developed into the Santa María School massacre.[2]:340

Esmeralda served in the Chilean Navy for approximately thirty years, until 1930.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Brooke 1999, p. 101.
  2. ^ Carlos López Urrutia (1969). Historia de la Marina de Chile. Andres Bello. GGKEY:9XDHU6QU6DA. Retrieved 9 January 2013. 

References[edit]

  • Brooke, Peter. Warships for Export: Armstrong Warships 1867–1927. Gravesend, UK: World Ship Society, 1999. ISBN 0-905617-89-4.
  • Chesneau, Roger and Eugene M. Kolesnik. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. London: Conway's Maritime Press, 1979. ISBN 0-85177-133-5.

External links[edit]