Chilean horse

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Joven de Vicuña, Chile, vestido de huaso para las celebraciones conmemorativas del Combate Naval de Iquique.jpg
Conservation statusDAD-IS (2019): not at risk[1]
Other names
  • Spanish: Caballo de Pura Raza Chilena
  • Chilean Horse
  • Chilean Corralero
  • Chilean Criollo
  • Caballo chileno
  • Chileno
Country of originChile
  • Male:
    average 450 kg[1]
  • Female:
    average 425 kg[1]
  • Male:
    average 140 cm[1]
  • Female:
    average 138 cm[1]

The Chilean Corralero or Chilean Criollo (Spanish: Caballo de Pura Raza Chilena) is the Chilean national breed of Criollo horse. Like all Criollo horses, it descends from horses brought to the Americas from Spain by the Conquistadors.[2]: 508 

It is strongly associated with the huaso or Chilean stock herder, and is much used for working cattle and in Chilean rodeo; it is valued for its cattle sense.[3]: 456 

In 2012 it was estimated that there were between 75,000 and 85,000 Corralero horses in Chile, with some 40,000 breeding mares and 3,000 stallions. [1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Breed data sheet: Caballo de Pura Raza Chilena / Chile (Horse). Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed July 2019.
  2. ^ Élise Rousseau, Yann Le Bris, Teresa Lavender Fagan (2017). Horses of the World. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 9780691167206.
  3. ^ Valerie Porter, Lawrence Alderson, Stephen J.G. Hall, D. Phillip Sponenberg (2016). Mason's World Encyclopedia of Livestock Breeds and Breeding (sixth edition). Wallingford: CABI. ISBN 9781780647944.

Further reading[edit]

  • Araya Gomez, Alberto, (1989). El Caballo Chileno en el Siglo XX, Imprenta Gonzalo Amenábar H., Providencia, Santiago, Chile.
  • Encina, Francisco A., (Nov.1934). "De Un Estudio Sobre el Caballo Chileno" El Campesino Magazine, Santiago, Chile.
  • Prado P., Uldaricio, (1914). El Caballo Chileno 1541 a 1914, Estudio Zootécnico e Histórico Hípico, Imprenta Santiago, Santiago, Chile.