Temporal range: Late Triassic
Chilenosuchus is an extinct genus of aetosaur. Fossils have been found from the Antofagasta Region in northern Chile. The presence of Chilenoasaurus in the beds that it was found in conflicts with the inferred age of the strata. Fossil plants and invertebrates suggest that it dates back to the late Carboniferous or early Permian, yet Chilenosuchus is an aetosaur, and the first aetosaurs appeared in the Late Triassic. Poor-quality photographs of the original specimen and an apparent lack of substantial material could not allow for definite classification of the specimen, so there was initially much controversy as to whether or not the fossil was from a true aetosaur. However, a reevaluation in 2003 upon the relocation of the material showed that it was in fact an aetosaur and that the strata were of Triassic age.
Based on similarities in the armour plating, Chilenosuchus seems to be closely related to Typothorax. It has been proposed to be a member of a recently devised clade, Typothoracisinae, along with Typothorax and several other similar aetosaurs. However, because of the many other differences between it and other aetosaurs, the position of Chilenosuchus within Stagonolepididae will remain uncertain until more material can be found.
- Casamiquela, R.M. (1980). "Nota sobre restos de un reptil aetosauroideo (Thecodontia, Aetosauria) de Quimal, Cordillera de Domeyko, Antofagasta. Prueba de la existencia del Neotriásico continental en los Andes del Norte de Chile". In Congreso Argentino de Paleontología y Bioestratigrafía, No. 2 y Congreso Latinoamericano de Paleontología 1 (1): 135–142.
- Breitkreuz, C.; Helmdach, F.; Kohring, R.; Mosbrugger, V. (1992). "Late Carboniferous intra-arc sediments in the north Chilean Andes: stratigraphy, paleogeography and paleoclimate". Facies 26: 67–80. doi:10.1007/BF02539794.
- Desojo, J. B. (2003). "Redescripcion del aetosaurio Chilenosuchus forttae Casamiqueal (Diapsida: Arcosauria): presencia de Triásico continental en el norte de Chile". Revista Geológica de Chile 30 (1): 53–63.
- Parker, W. G. (2003). Description of a new specimen of Desmatosuchus haplocerus from the Late Triassic of Northern Arizona. Unpublished MS thesis. Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff. 315 pp.
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