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Chilina fulgurata shell.jpg
Shells of Chilina fulgurata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia
clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Hygrophila
Superfamily: Chilinoidea
Family: Chilinidae
Dall, 1870
Genus: Chilina
Gray, 1828
17 freshwater species
  • Acyrogonia Mabille & Rochebrune, 1889
  • Auricula (Chilina) Gray, 1828 (original rank)
  • Diplicaria Rafinesque, 1833
  • Dombeia d'Orbigny, 1837
  • Dombeya (incorrect subsequent spelling)
  • Pseudochilina Dall, 1870

Chilina is a genus of air-breathing freshwater snails, aquatic pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Chilinoidea.[2]

Chilina is the only genus in the family Chilinidae.


Map of distribution of Chilinidae.

Chilinidae occupies the temperate and cold zones of South America from the Tropic of Capricorn to Cape Horn[3] and Falkland Islands.[4] Distribution of Chilina include Argentina (17 species, 12 of them are endemic species),[1][5] Uruguay (2 species),[6] Brazil (about 4 species).[citation needed]


The family Chilinidae has been classified in the clade Hygrophila within the informal group Basommatophora (according to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005).[2] There are no subfamilies.[2]


Species within the genus Chilina include:


Within their area, the Chilinidae are abundant snails in all suitable stations, as Physidae are in North America. They swarm in springs, small streams, lakes, and in some places the margins of rivers. They are most abundant southward, becoming rarer and local toward the northern borders of their range.[3]

Chilina gibbosa and Chilina fluminea are medically important, because they transfer parasites causing dermatitis.[5]


This article incorporates public domain text from the reference[3]

  1. ^ a b c Gregoric D. E. G. & Rumi A. (2008). "Chilina iguazuensis (Gastropoda: Chilinidae), New Species From Iguazú National Park, Argentina". Malacologia 50(1): 321-330. doi:10.4002/0076-2997-50.1-2.321.
  2. ^ a b c Bouchet, Philippe; Rocroi, Jean-Pierre; Frýda, Jiri; Hausdorf, Bernard; Ponder, Winston; Valdés, Ángel & Warén, Anders (2005). "Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families". Malacologia. Hackenheim, Germany: ConchBooks. 47 (1-2): 1–397. ISBN 3-925919-72-4. ISSN 0076-2997. 
  3. ^ a b c Pilsbry H. A. (1911). Non-marine mollusca of Patagonia. Princeton, The University. page 532.
  4. ^ a b Brown D. S. & Pullan N. B. (1987). "Notes on the shell, radula and habitat of Chilina (Basommatophora) from the Falkland Islands". Journal of Molluscan Studies 53(1): 105-108. doi:10.1093/mollus/53.1.105.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Rumi A., Gregoric D. E. G., Núñez V. & Darrigran G. A. (2008). "Malacología Latinoamericana. Moluscos de agua dulce de Argentina". Revista de Biología Tropical 56(1): 77-111. HTM.
  6. ^ (in Spanish) Scarabino F. (2004). "Lista sistemática de los Gastropoda dulciacuícolas vivientes de Uruguay". Comunicaciones de la Sociedad Malacológica del Uruguay 8(84–85/86–87): 347-355. PDF.
  7. ^ Brace R. C. (1983). "Observations on the Morphology and Behaviour of Chilina fluctuosa Gray (Chilinidae), with a Discussion on the Early Evolution of Pulmonate Gastropods". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences 300(1101): 463-491. doi:10.1098/rstb.1983.0017

Further reading[edit]

  • Brace R. C. (1983). "Observations on the morphology and behaviour of Chilina fluctuosa Gray (Chilinidae), with a discussion on the early evolution of pulmonate gastropods". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, (ser. B) 300: 463–491.
  • Castellanos Z. A. de & Gaillard M. C. (1981). "Mollusca Gasterópoda: Chilinidae". Fauna de Agua Dulce de la República Argentina. PROFADU (CONICET), Buenos Aires 15: 423–51.
  • Haeckel W. (1911). "Beiträge zur Anatomie der Gattung Chilina". Zoologische Jahrbücher, Supplement 13: 89–136.
  • Harry W. H. (1964). "The anatomy of Chilina fluctuosa Gray reexamined, with prolegomena on the phylogeny of the higher limnic Basommatophora (Gastropoda: Pulmonata)". Malacologia 1: 355–385.
  • Hidalgo J. G. (1880). "Description d'une nouvelle espece de Chilina". Journal de Conchyliologie 20: 322–323.
  • Hylton Scott M. I. (1958). "Nueva especie de Chilina del norte Argentino". Neotropica 4: 26–27.
  • Ituarte C. F. (1997). "Chilina megastoma Hylton Scott, 1958 (Pulmonata: Basommatophora): a study on topotypic specimens. American Malacological Bulletin 14: 9–15.
  • Martín P. R. (2003). "Allometric growth an inter-population morphological variation of the freshwater snail Chilina parchappii (Gastropoda: Chilinidae) in the Napostá Grande stream, southern Pampas, Argentina". Studies in Neotropical Fauna and Environment 38:71–78. doi:10.1076/snfe.
  • Marshall W. B. (1924). "New species of mollusks of the genus Chilina". Proceedings of the United States National Museum 66: 1–5.
  • Marshall W. B. (1933). "New fresh-water gastropod mollusks of the genus Chilina of South America". Proceedings of the United States National Museum 82: 1–6.
  • Miquel S. E. (1984). "Contribución al conocimiento biológico de gasterópodos pulmonados del área rioplatense, con especial referencia a Chilina fluminea. (Maton) Tesis doctoral. Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Museo, Universidad Nacional de la Plata. 133 pp.
  • Miquel S. E. (1987). "Estudio micro-anatómico del complejo peniano en especies del género Chilina Gray, 1828 (Gastropoda Basommatophora)". Notas del Museo de La Plata 21: Zoología 209. 131–142.
  • Valdovinos C. & Stuardo J. (1995). "Morfología funcional de Chilina angusta (Philippi, 1860), y evolución de Chilinidae". Resumos, II Congreso Latino-Americano de Malacología, Porto Alegre, Brasil 43.

External links[edit]