|Place of origin||Singapore|
|Associated national cuisine||Singapore|
|Created by||Cher Yam Tian|
|Serving temperature||hot, with a side of Mantou|
|Main ingredients||Crab, Chilli, Egg|
|Variations||Black pepper crab|
Chilli Crab (also known as là jiāo páng xiè, 辣椒螃蟹) is a Southeast Asian seafood dish originating from Singapore. Mud crabs are commonly used and are stir-fried in a semi-thick, sweet and savoury tomato-and-chilli-based sauce. It is listed at number 35 on the World's 50 most delicious foods list compiled by CNN Go in 2011.
In 1956, Cher Yam Tian and her husband Lim Choo Ngee began selling stir-fried crabs mixed with bottled chilli and tomato sauce from a pushcart. This was an improvised recipe; the original one did not involve bottled chilli sauce. A successful business selling this dish prompted the establishment of a restaurant, Palm Beach Seafood, along Upper East Coast Road.
Chilli crab has been promoted by the Singapore Tourism Board as one of Singapore's national dishes, and can be found in seafood restaurants all over the island. It is traditionally eaten with bare hands as a means to savour the juicy crab meat with its sweet and spicy chilli sauce. Restaurants often provide wet towels or a washing bowl with lime in order for diners to clean their hands after their meal.
Chilli crab sauce is described as "sensuous" and "sweet, yet savoury", with a "fluffy texture". Mud crabs (Scylla serrata) are the most common type of crabs used for the dish, although other species of crab can be used too.
It was one of the Singaporean dishes featured during Singapore Day 2011 in Shanghai, China.
The Amazing Race 25, The Amazing Race Asia 4, and The Amazing Race China 4 featured a task that required contestants to crack a specified amount of chilli crabs (i.e. two pounds for the American version, one kilogram for the Asian version, and 500 grams for the Chinese version).
A Singapore-based episode of Secret Eats with Adam Richman aired on the Travel Channel in September 2016, showed the host, Adam Richman, sampling a chilli crab at the New Ubin Seafood restaurant in Sin Ming's Industrial Estate.
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