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|Woody Woodpecker character|
|First appearance||Chilly Willy (1953)|
|Last appearance||The New Woody Woodpecker Show (1999-2002)|
|Created by||Paul J. Smith (official) Tex Avery (final)|
|Portrayed by||Sara Berner (1953)
Daws Butler (1954-1972)
Grace Stafford (1963-1968)
"Wee" Bonnie Baker (singing voice in the openings: 1956-1961)
Chilly Willy is a funny animal cartoon character, a diminutive anthropomorphic penguin living in Alaska (although, in reality, the species is native only to the southern hemisphere). He was created by Paul J. Smith for the Walter Lantz studio in 1953. The character soon became the second most popular Lantz/Universal character, behind Woody Woodpecker.
Chilly Willy was inspired, according to Scott MacGillivray's book Castle Films: A Hobbyist's Guide, by mystery writer Stuart Palmer. Palmer used the Lantz studio as a background for his novel Cold Poison, in which the cartoon star was a penguin character, and Lantz adopted the penguin idea for the screen. Chilly's diminutive figure was inspired by an image of Herbert Lee McCormick Jr., a small boy from Fairbanks.
Attributes and common themes
Chilly Willy appeared in 50 theatrical short subjects produced by Lantz from 1953 to 1972, most of which involve his attempts to stay warm, and often meeting opposition from a dog named Smedley (voiced by Daws Butler in his "Huckleberry Hound" voice). Smedley has a large mouth and sharp-pointed teeth (which he shows off when yawning), but is never shown viciously trying to bite Chilly or anyone else with them. There were times, however, when Chilly and Smedley got along, as they did in Vicious Viking and Fractured Friendship. Ironically, Chilly never referred to Smedley by name. Most times that Chilly was in opposition with Smedley, it wound up with the two of them being friends at the end. Chilly was more of a nuisance to Smedley than an enemy, often showing up where Smedley is working, usually for some mean employer. Many times, the notion of a plot was extremely weak, appearing to be a random collection of loosely related gags as opposed to a coherent story.
Two of Chilly's friends in the later cartoons were Maxie the Polar Bear (voiced by Daws Butler) and Gooney the "Gooney Bird" Albatross (voiced by Daws Butler impersonating Joe E. Brown). Maxie has appeared with Chilly more than Gooney has. There have been only two cartoons in which all three characters have appeared together: Gooney's Goofy Landings (where Chilly and Maxie try to perfect Gooney's landings) and Airlift a la Carte (where Chilly, Maxie, and Gooney go to the store owned by Smedley).
In some episodes, Chilly Willy also deals with a hunter named Colonel Pot Shot (voiced by Daws Butler) whom Smedley has been shown to work for in some episodes. Pot Shot would give orders in a calm controlled voice, and then would explode in rage when he told Smedley what would happen should he fail in his objective. Also, two episodes had Chilly Willy outsmarting Wally Walrus when Chilly Willy comes across his fishing projects.
Chilly has a fondness for pancakes.
Paul J. Smith directed the first Chilly Willy cartoon, simply titled Chilly Willy, in 1953. The initial version of Chilly Willy resembled Woody Woodpecker, except with flippers and black feathers, but he was redesigned in to his more familiar form in subsequent cartoons.
Tex Avery revived the character for two of his most notable shorts, I'm Cold (1954) and the Academy Award nominated The Legend of Rockabye Point (1955). After Avery left the studio, Alex Lovy assumed as director, starting by directing Hot and Cold Penguin.
Chilly was mute in most of his 1950s and early 1960s cartoons, although he was voiced by Sara Berner in the initial entry. The next time he spoke was in Half-Baked Alaska in 1965, with Daws Butler providing Chilly's voice until the end of the series in a style similar to his Elroy Jetson characterization. The character always speaks in the comic book stories based on the character. Also in the comic book stories (like Knothead & Splinter), Chilly had two nephews named Ping and Pong.
When the Lantz cartoons were packaged for television in 1957 as The Woody Woodpecker Show, Chilly Willy was a featured attraction on the show, and has remained such in all later versions of the Woody Woodpecker Show package.
Other uses and references
- Chilly Willy is also the mascot of Phi Theta Pi, an international commerce fraternity.
- Chilly Willy is the mascot of the Esperanza Base Scouts, the southernmost Scout group.
- He is mockingly mentioned by Angelo in Who Framed Roger Rabbit as one of Eddie Vailiant's supposed clients. "So who's your client Mr. detective-to-the-stars? Chilly Willy or Screwy Squirrel?"
- During Blizzard Entertainment's conversion of World Of Warcraft accounts to Battle.net accounts, all players who converted their accounts in advance of the deadline to convert received a permanent account-bound in-game companion pet in the form of a small penguin named "Mr. Chilly" as a free gift. The pet was considered a nod/tribute to Chilly Willy as Blizzard traditionally inserts pop culture references into the game in the form of in-game jokes typically playing off the name of reference in question.