Chiltern District

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Chiltern District
Non-metropolitan district
Chiltern shown within Buckinghamshire
Chiltern shown within Buckinghamshire
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region South East England
Non-metropolitan county Buckinghamshire
Status Non-metropolitan district
Admin HQ Amersham
Incorporated 1 April 1974
 • Type Non-metropolitan district council
 • Body Chiltern District Council
 • Leadership Leader & Cabinet (Conservative)
 • MPs Cheryl Gillan
 • Total 75.81 sq mi (196.35 km2)
Area rank 168th (of 326)
Population (mid-2016 est.)
 • Total 95,100
 • Rank 254th (of 326)
 • Density 1,300/sq mi (480/km2)
 • Ethnicity 91.4% White
5.5% Asian
0.6% Black
2.2% Mixed Race
0.3% Other
(2,011 Census)[1]
Time zone GMT (UTC0)
 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
ONS code 11UC (ONS)
E07000005 (GSS)
OS grid reference SU965985

Chiltern is one of four local government districts of Buckinghamshire in south central England. It is named after the Chiltern Hills on which the region sits.

The main towns in the district are Amersham and Chesham which are both served by London Underground's Metropolitan line.


It was formed on 1 April 1974 by the merger of the Chesham Urban District and surrounding Amersham Rural District.In 1988 it was the first Council to take up stock transfer.[2] 4,650 homes were transferred.[3]


The parishes that make up Chiltern District are:

See also the list of civil parishes in Buckinghamshire

Council affiliation[edit]

In the May 2015 local elections, the number of seats for the Liberal Democrats was reduced to 3 and UKIP was represented on the Council for the first time. The Conservative Party also increased their seats on the council. The composition of the council is as follows:

Party Number of councillors
Conservative and Unionist Party 35
Liberal Democrats 3
UK Independence Party 2


Along with the Aylesbury Vale district, Chiltern contains no motorways except for a very small section of the M25 in the south-eastern corner. The major roads through the district are the A413 and the A404, the two meeting in Amersham. Railway services are provided by Chiltern Railways and London Underground's Metropolitan line. The Great Central Main Line carried traffic between London and Manchester until 1966, the section to Aylesbury is all that remains, and is now part of the London to Aylesbury Line. The railway stations in the district are; Great Missenden, Amersham, Chalfont and Latimer and Chesham, the furthest tube station from London.

Law and order[edit]

Police stations are in Amersham and Chesham. The Magistrates' Court in Amersham was closed with its jurisdiction reassigned but reopened as a Crown Court dealing with either-way and more serious alleged offences.

Home ownership and quality of rural life[edit]

The district has the highest proportion of home ownership of the 18 local authorities in Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire and Hertfordshire: combining the social (housing association and local authority provided) and private rented sectors, Stevenage's returns recorded in 2011 that its rented sector comprised 33.2% of its housing, whereas 10.0% of Chiltern's residents rented their homes.

In May 2008, the district was assessed by Bank of Scotland, Halifax division as having the best rural quality of life anywhere in Britain.[4]

Form of home ownership in Beds, Bucks and Herts compared[5]
Local Authority Owned Owned with a loan Socially rented Privately rented Other
Chiltern 41.1 35.8 1.8 8.2 1
South Bucks 38.1 35.3 12.3 10 1.4
St Albans 34.6 38.2 8.5 12.6 1.1
Three Rivers 34.1 38.6 4.8 9.3 1
Broxbourne 32.6 40.4 2.9 10.4 0.8
Wycombe 32.3 37.4 8.5 13.1 1.4
East Hertfordshire 32.1 39.7 2 12.2 1.4
Central Bedfordshire 31.6 40.9 5.2 10.5 1.1
Bedford 31.4 34.3 1.8 14.6 1.3
Hertsmere 31.4 36.2 1.9 11.3 1.2
Aylesbury Vale 31.1 40.5 3.4 11.7 1.3
North Hertfordshire 30.3 35.3 7.1 12.1 1.1
Dacorum 29.1 35.7 17.4 10.9 0.9
Welwyn Hatfield 26.5 30.8 19.9 12.7 1.3
Luton 25.1 35.1 10.7 21.3 1
Watford 24.4 37.2 4 18.9 0.8
Stevenage 22.2 36.1 22.8 10.4 0.7
Milton Keynes 21.5 36.3 11 16.2 0.9

Energy consumption[edit]

In May 2006, a report commissioned by British Gas[6] showed that housing in Chiltern produced the 4th highest average carbon emissions in the country at 7,421 kg of carbon dioxide per dwelling.


  1. ^ 2011 Census: KS201EW Ethnic group, local authorities in England and Wales, Accessed 28 February 2013
  2. ^ "Transfers - Large Scale Voluntary Transfers (LSVT)". The Hidden History of Tenants. Leeds Tenants Federation. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 17 September 2015. 
  3. ^ Hetherington, Peter. "Voluntary transfer for social housing celebrates 10 years". Guardian. Guardian. Retrieved 17 September 2015. 
  4. ^ HBOS quality of life survey Archived 2008-06-27 at the Wayback Machine. 5 May 2008. Retrieved 2015-01-28.
  5. ^ Office for National Statistics 2011 Census Key Statistics: Tenure. Shared ownership forms the small remainder of each proportion.
  6. ^ British Gas news Archived 2008-06-26 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°39′38″N 0°38′27″W / 51.6606°N 0.6409°W / 51.6606; -0.6409