Chilton, Buckinghamshire

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Chilton
Chilton is located in Buckinghamshire
Chilton
Chilton
Location within Buckinghamshire
Population302 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceSP6811
Civil parish
  • Chilton
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townAylesbury
Postcode districtHP18
Dialling code01844
PoliceThames Valley
FireBuckinghamshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire
51°47′53″N 1°00′29″W / 51.798°N 1.008°W / 51.798; -1.008Coordinates: 51°47′53″N 1°00′29″W / 51.798°N 1.008°W / 51.798; -1.008

Chilton is a village and civil parish in Aylesbury Vale district in Buckinghamshire, England. It is in the west of the county, about 4 miles (6.4 km) north of Thame in Oxfordshire. Chilton parish includes the hamlet of Easington (not to be confused with the Oxfordshire village of Easington).

Manor[edit]

The toponym "Chilton" is derived from the Old English for "young man's farm".[citation needed] The Domesday Book of 1086 records it as Ciltone.[2] It evolved via the forms Chiltone in the 12th century and Schelton in the 18th century before reaching its present form.[2]

Before the Norman conquest of England Alric, son of Goding, a thegn of Edward the Confessor, held the manors of Chilton and Easington.[2] However, the Domesday Book records that by 1086 the Norman baron Walter Giffard held the two manors.[2]

Chilton House was built by John Croke in the early 17th century, then rebuilt by Richard Carter in the 1740s. It is now in the ownership of the Aubrey-Fletcher family and operated as a residential care home.[3]

Parish church[edit]

The Church of England parish church of Saint Mary the Virgin was originally a 12th-century Norman building but few details survive from that period.[2] The chancel and south transept are 13th century, the Decorated Gothic tower forms the north transept[4] and is mid-14th century.[2] The nave,[5] chancel arch and chancel roof were renewed in the 15th century.[2] The Perpendicular Gothic south chapel was added in about 1520.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2011 census". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Page, W.H. (1927). A History of the County of Buckingham, Volume 4. pp. 22–27.
  3. ^ "Taking care of manor's colourful past". Bucks Herald.
  4. ^ Pevsner 1973, p. 95.
  5. ^ Reed 1979, p. 138.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Chilton, Buckinghamshire at Wikimedia Commons