Chilton, Buckinghamshire

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Chilton
Chilton is located in Buckinghamshire
Chilton
Chilton
Chilton shown within Buckinghamshire
Population 302 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid reference SP6811
Civil parish
  • Chilton
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Aylesbury
Postcode district HP18
Dialling code 01844
Police Thames Valley
Fire Buckinghamshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire
51°47′53″N 1°00′29″W / 51.798°N 1.008°W / 51.798; -1.008Coordinates: 51°47′53″N 1°00′29″W / 51.798°N 1.008°W / 51.798; -1.008

Chilton is a village and civil parish in Aylesbury Vale district in Buckinghamshire, England. It is in the west of the county, about 4 miles (6.4 km) north of Thame in Oxfordshire. Chilton parish includes the hamlet of Easington (not to be confused with the Oxfordshire village of Easington).

Manor[edit]

The toponym "Chilton" is derived from the Old English for "young man's farm".[citation needed] The Domesday Book of 1086 records it as Ciltone.[2] It evolved via the forms Chiltone in the 12th century and Schelton in the 18th century before reaching its present form.[2]

Before the Norman conquest of England Alric, son of Goding, a thegn of Edward the Confessor, held the manors of Chilton and Easington.[2] However, the Domesday Book records that by 1086 the Norman baron Walter Giffard held the two manors.[2]

Chilton House was built by John Croke in the early 17th century, then rebuilt by Richard Carter in the 1740s. It is now in the ownership of the Aubrey-Fletcher family and operated as a residential care home.[3]

Parish church[edit]

The Church of England parish church of Saint Mary the Virgin was originally a 12th-century Norman building but few details survive from that period.[2] The chancel and south transept are 13th century, the Decorated Gothic tower forms the north transept[4] and is mid-14th century.[2] The nave,[5] chancel arch and chancel roof were renewed in the 15th century.[2] The Perpendicular Gothic south chapel was added in about 1520.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2011 census". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Page, W.H. (1927). A History of the County of Buckingham, Volume 4. pp. 22–27. 
  3. ^ "Taking care of manor's colourful past". Bucks Herald. 
  4. ^ Pevsner 1973, p. 95.
  5. ^ Reed 1979, p. 138.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Chilton, Buckinghamshire at Wikimedia Commons