St. Mary's church, Chilton
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Chilton's history dates back to the British Iron Age, when it was founded as a Celtic agricultural settlement. The name Chilton is Old English for "Child's Town". When the Domesday Book was produced in 1086, Robert Malet (a member of William the Conqueror's court) was the village's tenant-in-chief.
It is unclear why the village was abandoned, though it is speculated that it may have been caused by the Black Death, the enclosure of Chilton Hall's deer park, or agricultural depression. Until the 1960s a single house remained standing adjacent to the church. Although the church is redundant, services are still held three times a year.
During World War II an airfield was built largely within the parish. Initially called Airfield 174, it was later renamed RAF Sudbury. It was completed in 1943 and handed over to the USAAF on 23 March 1944. With three runways, the airfield was home to the USAAF 486th Bomber Group (now evolved into the 486th Air Expeditionary Wing). The hangars are now used largely for grain storage.
- 2001 census
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
- "Church of St Mary, Chilton". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 16 December 2010.
- A Brief History of Chilton Archived 2012-02-08 at the Wayback Machine Chilton Parish Council
Media related to Chilton at Wikimedia Commons