Chilton, Suffolk

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Chilton
St. Mary's church, Chilton, Suffolk - geograph.org.uk - 146362.jpg
St. Mary's church, Chilton
Chilton is located in Suffolk
Chilton
Chilton
Chilton shown within Suffolk
Population 373 (2001)[1]
376 {2011}[2]
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Sudbury
Postcode district CO10
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
Suffolk
52°02′46″N 0°45′11″E / 52.046°N 0.753°E / 52.046; 0.753Coordinates: 52°02′46″N 0°45′11″E / 52.046°N 0.753°E / 52.046; 0.753

Chilton is a civil parish on the eastern outskirts of Sudbury in Suffolk, England.

Once a normal village, Chilton today consists of scattered clusters of housing and an isolated Church of St Mary,[3] and is a prime example of a deserted medieval village.

History[edit]

Chilton's history dates back to the British Iron Age, when it was founded as a Celtic agricultural settlement. The name Chilton is Old English for "Child's Town". When the Domesday Book was produced in 1086, Robert Malet (a member of William the Conqueror's court) was the village's tenant-in-chief.

It is unclear why the village was abandoned, though it is speculated that it may have been caused by the Black Death, the enclosure of Chilton Hall's deer park, or agricultural depression.[4] Until the 1960s a single house remained standing adjacent to the church. Although the church is redundant, services are still held three times a year.

During World War II an airfield was built largely within the parish. Initially called Airfield 174, it was later renamed RAF Sudbury. It was completed in 1943 and handed over to the USAAF on 23 March 1944. With three runways, the airfield was home to the USAAF 486th Bomber Group (now evolved into the 486th Air Expeditionary Wing). The hangars are now used largely for grain storage.

The hall, previously home to the grandmother of Robert Walpole (the first Prime Minister of Great Britain), is today home to Lord Hart of Chilton.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2001 census
  2. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 August 2016. 
  3. ^ "Church of St Mary, Chilton". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  4. ^ A Brief History of Chilton Chilton Parish Council

External links[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Chilton, Suffolk at Wikimedia Commons