Design and development
The Chilton D.W.1 was designed and built on the Chilton Lodge estate at Leverton near Hungerford in Berkshire in early 1937 by two ex de Havilland Technical School students who formed Chilton Aircraft Limited for the purpose. The aircraft was intended to be cheap to build and operate, yet have an exceptional performance on low power. This was derived from its aerodynamically clean design with an all-wood airframe with plywood skin. Only the control surfaces and the trailing edge of the wing behind the rear spar were fabric covered. The wing also carried trailing edge split flaps. The undercarriage was enclosed in trouser fairings and a cabin top could be fitted.
The first three aircraft were powered by the 32 h.p. Carden-Ford, a water-cooled automobile engine that had been lightened and modified for aircraft use. Initial flight trials with the prototype G-AESZ were made by Ranald Porteous at Witney airfield in April 1937, revealing that some minor modifications were needed to the engine and propeller. The first public appearance was made at Southend Airport on 4 September 1937. The second and third aircraft were completed and sold in 1938. The final aircraft was completed in July 1939 and was powered by the new French-built 44 h.p. Train 4T four-cylinder inverted inline air-cooled engine. This aircraft (G-AFSV) was designated the D.W.1A, and the Hon. A.W.H. Dalrymple flew it in the Folkestone Aero Trophy Race at Lympne on 5 August 1939, winning at an average speed of 126 mph.
All four Chiltons survived the Second World War. The D.W.1A G-AFSV broke the 100 km international closed circuit record at 124.5 mph at Lympne airfield on 31 August 1947, flown by Ranald Porteus. The last three Chiltons were flown in U.K. air races for several years. The cleaned-up third aircraft won the Daily Express air race at Shoreham Airport on 22 September 1951 at an average speed of 129 mph.
Postwar amateur construction
The first home constructed post-war Chilton was the Canadian C-GIST, built during 1980-91 and powered by a Volkswagen engine. It is currently in the UK, non-flying but with plans for a rebuild with a Walter Mikron. The first UK build was G-BWGJ, powered by the 55 hp Lycoming O-145 engine from the prewar G-AFGH. It flew but has been in store for several years. The Mikron powered G-CDXU has been flying again since 2009. A second Mikron powered DW1A Chilton, G-JUJU 'Black Magic' flew for the first time in July 2015 and is maintained in airworthy condition
Two prewar Chiltons survived in airworthy condition in 2005 and the other two were restoration projects at that date. The British CAA register in May 2011 showed G-AESZ, G-AFGI and G-CDXU with permits to fly. The first of these has the Carden-Ford engine and the others are powered by Walter Mikrons.
Data from Jackson, 1973, p.281
- Crew: 1
- Length: 18 ft 0 in (5.49 m)
- Wingspan: 24 ft 0 in (7.32 m)
- Height: 4 ft 10 in (1.47 m)
- Wing area:  78 ft2 (7.24 m²)
- Empty weight: 398 lb (181 kg)
- Loaded weight: 640 lb (290 kg)
- Powerplant: 1 × Carden-Ford 4-cylinder inline water-cooled piston engine, 30 hp (22.4 kW)
- Maximum speed: 112 mph (180 km/h)
- Cruise speed: 100 mph (161 km/h)
- Range: 500 miles (805 km)
- Rate of climb: 650 ft/min (3.3 m/s)
- Wing loading: 8.3 lb./sq. ft ()
- Landing speed: 35 mph (56 km/h)
- GINFO Search Results Summary, Civil Aviation Authority
- Grey, C.G.; Bridgeman L. (1972). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1938. London: David & Charles (Publishers) Ltd. ISBN 0-7153-5734-4.
- Jackson, A.J. (1973). British Civil Aircraft since 1919 - Volume 1. Putnam & Company Limited. ISBN 0-370-10006-9.
- Jackson, A.J. (1959). British Civil Aircraft since 1919 - Volume 1. Putnam & Company Limited.
- Simpson, Rod (2001). Airlife's World Aircraft. Airlife Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-84037-115-3.
- Womersley, Barrie (2005). Civil Aircraft Registers of United Kingdom & Ireland 2005. Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd. ISBN 0-85130-359-5.
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