Municipality and city
|• Mayor||Carlos Alexánder Simaj|
|• Municipality and city||33 sq mi (86 km2)|
|• Municipality and city||96,985|
|• Density||2,900/sq mi (1,100/km2)|
Chimaltenango is a city in Guatemala with a population of 96,985 (2018 census). It serves as both the capital of the department of Chimaltenango and the municipal seat for the surrounding municipality of the same name. Chimaltenango stands some 35 miles west of Guatemala City, on the Pan-American Highway. The municipal capital produces textiles and pottery.
In Pre-Columbian times what is now the city of Chimaltenango was known to its native inhabitants as B'oko' . Like many other cities in the area, the Spanish Conquistadores used the name given by their Nahuatl speaking allies from central Mexico. The Nahuatl name was Chīmaltenānco, meaning "Shield City." The current town was found in 1526 by Spanish conquistador Pedro de Portocarrero, and shortly after it was assigned by bishop Francisco Marroquín to the Order of Preachers, along with Jocotenango, Jilotepeque, Sumpango, Candelaria, Amatitlán, Petapa, Mixco and Pinula. The general areas with under the jurisdiction of "Valle de Pasuya" (English: Pasuya Valle) in those days, which had nine valleys, among them the Chimaltenango Valley; this valley bordered with Xilotepeque valle on the northwest, with Mixco valley on the East, with Guatemala on the North and with Sololá Prinvice on the West. Furthermore, the Valle of Pasuya had to mayor municipalities: Chimaltenango —which covered Chimaltenango, Xilotepeque and Alotenango valleys—, and Sacatepéquez —which covered the rest.
After the independence from Spain in 1821, the town was elevated to "villa" status in 1825 but apparently lost some luster, as one can infer from archeologists Alfred Percival Maudslay wife's description from a trip there in 1895. Anne Cary Maudslay, wrote: "We were not tempted to loiter for long, and rode on again over the dull plain to the [...] uninteresting town of Chimaltenango, where we proposed to spend the night. The hotel was dirty and the bedrooms so unpleasant that we would have none of them, and sent Gorgonio to hunt for an empty room in which we could put up our own beds. This he found in a "meson", or caravanserai, attached to the hotel, where there was a goodsized room and a rough kitchen opening on a patio in which we could turn the beasts loose for the night. A sprinkling with water, a good sweeping, and a free use of Keating's powder, soon made the room habitable. The supper at the hotel was, however, far above the average, and the only thing to complain of was the poor forage supplied to the mules.". 
- Natalia Górriz de Morales: teacher. She was the director of "Instituto Normal Central para Señoritas" (English:Normal Central Institute for Girls) and Elementary School Inspector during general José María Reina Barrios presidency; married to then-minister of Economy, colonel Próspero Morales,who in 1897 resigned his position and raise on arms as one of the leaders of the Quetzaltenango Revolution against his former boss, after general Reina Barrios tried to extend his presidential term until 1902 even after the sound failure of the Central American Expo and the acute economic crisis that Guatemala was mirred in. After the Reina Barrios murder in February 1898, Morales ran for office in the 1898 presidential elections, but when he realized that those were rigged in favor of interim president Manuel Estrada Cabrera he tried to invade Guatemala from Mexico, but died in the attempt. Natalia Górriz de Morales then started teaching again and became one of the more representative women of the early 20th century in Guatemala.
|Climate data for Chimaltenango|
|Average high °C (°F)||22.0
|Daily mean °C (°F)||15.6
|Average low °C (°F)||9.3
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||3
It is completely surrounded by Chimaltenango Department municipalities:
Notes and references
- "Partido UNE gana alcaldía de Chimaltenango". Prensa Libre (in Spanish). Guatemala. 8 September 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
- Citypopulation.de Population of departments and municipalities in Guatemala
- Citypopulation.de Population of cities & towns in Guatemala
- La Ilustración Guatemalteca & 15 August 1896, p. 24. sfn error: no target: CITEREFLa_Ilustración_Guatemalteca15_August_1896 (help)
- Juarros 1818, p. 336.
- Juarros 1818, p. 344.
- Juarros 1818, p. 345.
- Maudslay & Maudslay 1899, p. 42.
- Macías del Real & 15 March 1897, p. 388. sfn error: no target: CITEREFMacías_del_Real15_March_1897 (help)
- "Climate: Chimaltenango". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 19 September 2015.
- SEGEPLAN (2010). "Municipios de Chimaltenango" (in Spanish). Guatemala. Archived from the original on 8 June 2015. Retrieved 8 June 2015.
- Juarros, Domingo (1818). Compendio de la historia de la Ciudad de Guatemala (in Spanish). Guatemala: Ignacio Beteta.
- La Ilustración Guatemalteca (15 August 1896). "Nuestros Grabados: Natalia Górriz de Morales". La Ilustración Guatemalteca (in Spanish). Guatemala: Síguere, Guirola & Cía. I (2).
- Macías del Real, A. (15 March 1897). "Resumen Quincenal". La Ilustración Guatemalteca (in Spanish). Guatemala: Síguere, Guirola & Cía. 1 (16).
- Maudslay, Alfred Percival; Maudslay, Anne Cary (1899). A glimpse at Guatemala, and some notes on the ancient monuments of Central America (PDF). London, UK: John Murray.