Chime (bell instrument)

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McShane Eight Bell Chime in its frame.jpg
Eight-bell chime in its frame (McShane Bell Foundry, Maryland)
Percussion instrument
Classification Percussion
Hornbostel–Sachs classification111.242.2
(Sets of bells or chimes)

A carillon-like instrument with fewer than 23 bells is called a chime.

The first bell chime was created in 1487.[citation needed] Before 1900, chime bells typically lacked dynamic variation and were not harmonically tuned. Since then chime bells produced in Belgium, the Netherlands, England, and America have tuning to produce fully harmonized music.[1] Some towers in England normally hung for full circle change ringing can be chimed when mouth downwards by an Ellacombe apparatus, or with electro-mechanical actuators.[2][3]

American chimes usually have one to one and a half diatonic octaves. Some chimes are automated.

Notable chimes[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Bell Facts – Bell Chimes Archived August 13, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Glossary of ringing terms".
  3. ^ "Automatic Chiming Systems". John Taylor & Co. Retrieved 5 October 2020.
  4. ^ Anne Lukeman (Producer), Jake Maples (Editor), Nick Yi (Drone footage) (August 2, 2017). The Altgeld Chimes (YouTube video). University of Illinois Office of Public Affairs. Retrieved January 4, 2020.