Chimp Haven

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Chimp Haven, the National Chimpanzee Sanctuary
ChimpHavenlogo.png
Date opened 2005
Location Keithville, Louisiana
 United States
Coordinates 32°15′16.76″N 93°56′12.00″W / 32.2546556°N 93.9366667°W / 32.2546556; -93.9366667Coordinates: 32°15′16.76″N 93°56′12.00″W / 32.2546556°N 93.9366667°W / 32.2546556; -93.9366667
Land area 200 acres
No. of animals >190
Memberships Association for the Assessment and Accreditation for Laboratory Animal Care, International and Global Federation of Animal Sanctuaries
Website chimphaven.org

Chimp Haven, the National Chimpanzee Sanctuary, is a non-profit facility in the U.S. providing a home for chimpanzees retired from laboratory research, formerly kept as pets, and used in entertainment. The 200-acre sanctuary is located in Eddie D. Jones Nature Park in Keithville, Louisiana, approximately 22 miles southwest of Shreveport.[1][2]

History[edit]

In addition to their use as pets and entertainers, captive chimpanzees have served as subjects for scientific research. Anticipating that medical research on chimpanzees would be key to understanding diseases, such as AIDS and hepatitis, the United States government and private laboratories embarked on chimpanzee breeding programs in the 1980s.[3][4] A decade later, the experimental use of chimpanzees declined, resulting in a surplus population of captive chimpanzees.[4]

The significant cost of caring for the approximately 1,000 chimpanzees housed in U.S. research facilities required the development of alternatives to standard laboratory housing for chimpanzees no longer active in research.[4] Concurrent with the plight of research chimpanzees, hundreds of privately owned chimpanzees who proved unmanageable to keep as pets or performers were also in need of a professionally run facility—a sanctuary.

While the government was recognizing the need for long‐term care for chimpanzees, a philosophically diverse group of individuals representing the primatological, pharmaceutical, animal protection, zoo and business communities was already envisioning the creation of a model sanctuary for retired chimpanzees. The group incorporated as Chimp Haven, Inc. in 1995.

In 1999, Chimp Haven convened a facility design workshop with zoo designers, laboratory architects and field biologists to create a cost‐effective sanctuary that would meet all the special needs of retired chimpanzees. In 2000, the Caddo Parish Commission in Northwest Louisiana donated 200 wooded acres of the Eddie D. Jones Nature Park to Chimp Haven to build the new facility.

In 2000, the United States Congress passed the Chimpanzee Health Improvement, Maintenance and Protection (CHIMP) Act.[5][6] The CHIMP Act authorized the establishment of a sanctuary system for chimpanzees retired from medical research. Congress mandated that the National Institutes of Health implement the CHIMP Act. The Act stipulated that the government would pay 75 percent of the operating cost and 90 percent of the construction funds for the sanctuary system. The organization chosen to run the system would have to raise the remainder of the funding from private sources.

Chimp Haven submitted a competitive proposal to the National Institutes of Health to run the National Chimpanzee Sanctuary System and was awarded the contract in 2002.[7] Construction began in 2003, and the first chimpanzees arrived at Chimp Haven in 2005.[3]

The second phase of the facility began in November 2004, but could only be partially completed in April 2006 because of escalating construction costs in Louisiana following Hurricane Katrina.[8] As a result, six outdoor chimpanzee play yards remained incomplete until funds were secured in 2013. These play yards, an oversized play ground and additional bedrooms will be completed in 2013.

Present day[edit]

The mission of Chimp Haven is: "To provide and promote the best care of sanctuary chimpanzees and inspire action for the species worldwide."[9] Since 2005, 231 chimpanzees have found a home at Chimp Haven. In 2016, Chimp Haven had over 200 chimpanzees in residence.[10]

To fulfill its mission of educating the public about these endangered nonhuman primates and the need for conservation in the wild and protection in captivity, Chimp Haven has established several public education programs including: Chimpanzee Discovery Days, Classrooms that Care, and Chimp Chat & Chew.[11] The sanctuary also hosts veterinary, behavioral, animal care and organizational development interns throughout the year.[12]

Chimp Haven operates under strict standards of care that were especially created for the National Chimpanzee Sanctuary by the National Institutes of Health. Chimp Haven is the only sanctuary accredited by the American Association for Laboratory Animal Care (AALAC). Many of the sanctuary’s best practices have been adopted by other sanctuaries and zoological facilities.

In 2016, Chimp Haven received a grant from New Mexico Community Foundation’s Chimpanzee Sanctuary Fund, a fundraising effort by Animal Protection of New Mexico and The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS).[13][14] The grant, totaling $85,500, is intended to support the transfer of chimpanzees from laboratories in New Mexico and Texas to Chimp Haven for retirement.[14] In the spring of 2016, Chimp Haven is slated to receive 19 government-owned chimpanzees from Texas Biomedical Research Institute.[14]

Also in 2016, Chimp Haven announced a formal partnership with Lincoln Park Zoo.[10]

Legislation[edit]

On October 30, 2013, the United States Senate passed the CHIMP Act Amendments of 2013 (S. 1561; 113th Congress), a bill that would allow the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to spend additional money on housing retired chimpanzees at Chimp Haven.[15][16] Francis Collins of NIH announced in November 2015 that the last 50 chimpanzees kept for testing would no longer be used for the research. As many chimpanzees as possible are being relocated to Chimp Haven.[17]

See also[edit]

Sarah (chimpanzee), a chimp living in Chimp Haven

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bale, Rachael; Actman, National Geographic Jani; 2015, National Geographic PUBLISHED Thu Nov 19 12:01:00 EST (2015-11-19). "Government Research Chimps Set to Retire". National Geographic News. Retrieved 2016-04-17. 
  2. ^ "Eddie D. Jones Park". Caddo Parish, LA. Retrieved 2016-04-17. 
  3. ^ a b O’Brien, Keith (2014-09-26). "America's Chimp Problem". Slate. ISSN 1091-2339. Retrieved 2016-04-17. 
  4. ^ a b c "Chimpanzees in Research". www.nap.edu. Retrieved 2016-04-18. 
  5. ^ "Overview of Great Apes under the Chimpanzee Health Improvement, Maintenance, and Protection Act | Animal Legal & Historical Center". www.animallaw.info. Retrieved 2016-04-17. 
  6. ^ "Chimpanzee Health Improvement, Maintenance and Protection Act (2000 - S. 2725)". GovTrack.us. Retrieved 2016-04-17. 
  7. ^ "ORIP Home > Research Funding > Nonhuman Primates > Chimpanzee Management Program | DPCPSI". dpcpsi.nih.gov. Retrieved 2016-04-17. 
  8. ^ "Chimp sanctuary: Expansion construction has begun". www.burlesonstar.net. Retrieved 2016-04-18. 
  9. ^ "About Us". Chimp Haven. Retrieved 2016-04-17. 
  10. ^ a b Grimm, David (2016-07-29). "Chimpanzee sanctuaries open door to more research". Science. 353 (6298): 433–434. doi:10.1126/science.353.6298.433. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 27471286. 
  11. ^ "Education". Chimphaven. Retrieved 2016-04-17. 
  12. ^ "Careers & Internships". Chimphaven. Retrieved 2016-04-17. 
  13. ^ Bureau, Lauren Villagran | Journal Staff Writer - Las Cruces. "Updated: Grant helps move lab chimps to forever home". www.abqjournal.com. Retrieved 2016-04-17. 
  14. ^ a b c "Chimpanzee Sanctuary Fund Announces First Round Of Grants To Sanctuaries Including New Mexico". Los Alamos Daily Post. Retrieved 2016-04-17. 
  15. ^ Rossoll, Nicki (29 October 2013). "Why Congress Won't Let 60 Chimps Retire". ABC News. Retrieved 31 October 2013. 
  16. ^ "S. 1561 - All Actions". United States Congress. Retrieved 31 October 2013. 
  17. ^ Animal testing: Last chimpanzees used for medical research in America retired. James Lillywhite, December 12, 2015, 19:16 PM IST

External links[edit]