Chin Haw

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
A Chin Haw mosque at Doi Mae Salong, Chiang Rai

Chin Haw or Chin Ho (Thai: จีนฮ่อ) are Chinese people who migrated to Thailand via Burma or Laos. Most of them were originally from Yunnan, the southern province of China.[1][2] They speak Southwestern Mandarin.

Migration[edit]

Generally, the Chin Haw can be divided into three groups according to the time of their migration.[3]

  1. In nineteenth century, the Qing army had sent troops to suppress the rebellion in Yunnan, known as the Panthay Rebellion, which caused up to 1,000,000 lives lost - both civilians and soldiers. During this time, many people fled to the Shan state in Burma, then to the north of Thailand.
  2. The Panthay Chinese merchants who traded between Yunnan, Burma and Lanna from their base in the Wa States. Some of them decided to settle down along this trade route.
  3. After the Chinese revolution in 1949 AD, the 93rd Corps, which supported the Kuomintang party, fled to Burma and to the north of Thailand

Religion[edit]

The majority are Han Chinese and follow Chinese folk religion or Buddhism. Approximately one-third are Muslim, also known as Hui people or Hui Muslim.

Activities[edit]

Some Muslim Chin Haw have links to triad secret societies in cooperating in the drug trade, working with other Chinese groups in Thailand like the Teo-Chiew and Hakka and the 14K Triad. They have engaged in the heroin trade. Ma Hseuh-fu, from Yunnan province, was one of the most prominent Chin Haw heroin drug lords, his other professions included trading in tea and a hotelier.[4]

The Muslim Chin Haw are the same ethnic group as the Panthay in Burma who are also descendants of Hui Muslims from Yunnan province, China.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20120220130034/http://khondoi.com/thai/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=73&Itemid=87. Archived from the original on February 20, 2012. Retrieved February 22, 2009.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ Forbes, Andrew ; Henley, David (2011). Traders of the Golden Triangle. Chiang Mai: Cognoscenti Books. ASIN: B006GMID5K
  3. ^ "»ÃÐÇѵԡÒÃ;¾¢Í§¨Õ¹ÁØÊÅÔÁ". Oknation.net. Retrieved 2014-04-22. 
  4. ^ Joel John Barlow (25 February 2011). "Drugs and Cultural Survival in the Golden Triangle". Shan Herald. Retrieved January 7, 2011.