China–Djibouti relations

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China–Djibouti relations
Map indicating locations of China and Djibouti

China

Djibouti
Institut Sino Djiboutien des Affaires Portuaires ("Sino-Djiboutian Port Affairs Institute"; 中吉港口交流学院) - Shenzhen

People's Republic of China–Djibouti relations refers to the current and historical relationship between the People's Republic of China and Djibouti. China and Djibouti established relations on January 8, 1979. China has financed a number of public works projects in Djibouti, including a stadium, the offices of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the People's Palace.[1] In September 2010, Type 920 Hospital Ship, also known as the "Peace Ark", visited Djibouti.[2]

Economic development[edit]

Since the first Forum on China Africa Cooperation in 2000, Beijing has delivered $16.6 million in development finance to Djibouti.[3] Major Chinese aid projects in Djibouti include:

  • $8.2 million to fund the construction of a hospital in Arta[3]
  • A $2.41 million grant for construction of a new headquarters for the Djiboutian Foreign Minister[3]
  • $1.75 million in food aid during a drought in Djibouti in 2005[3]

Military base[edit]

In 2016, construction began on a Chinese naval outpost in Djibouti. The site was slated to become China's first overseas military installation, with an estimated cost of $600 million. According to Djiboutian Minister of Foreign Affairs Mahmoud Ali Youssouf, the 90 acre plot would likely house only 300 Chinese troops and would require the Chinese government to pay the Djiboutian government $20 million annually for ten years with an option for an additional period of ten years.[4][5][6][7]

Ethiopia-Djibouti Potable Water Project[edit]

In 2017, China announced the launch of a cross-border potable water project between Ethiopia and Djibouti. The project will include the installation of a 102 kilometer long pipeline to draw groundwater from the Ethiopian town of Hadagalla to be provided to the towns of Ali-Sabieh, Dikhil, Arta and Djibouti city.[8]

Human rights[edit]

In July 2019, UN ambassadors from 50 countries, including Djibouti, have signed a joint letter to the UNHRC defending China's treatment of Uyghurs and other Muslim minority groups in the Xinjiang region.[9][10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Djibouti -- china.org.cn". www.china.org.cn. Retrieved 2018-12-27.
  2. ^ http://www.china.org.cn/photos/2010-09/30/content_21040435.htm
  3. ^ a b c d Austin Strange, Bradley C. Parks, Michael J. Tierney, Andreas Fuchs, Axel Dreher, and Vijaya Ramachandran. 2013. China’s Development Finance to Africa: A Media-Based Approach to Data Collection. CGD Working Paper 323. Washington DC: Center for Global Development. http://aiddatachina.org/projects?utf8=%E2%9C%93&search=&active_string%5B%5D=Active&country_name%5B%5D=Djibouti&scope_names%5B%5D=Official+Finance[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ Page, Jeremy (19 August 2016). "China Builds First Overseas Military Outpost". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 10 December 2016.
  5. ^ Zhou, Laura (April 17, 2017). "How a Chinese investment boom is changing the face of Djibouti". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on May 18, 2017. About half an hour’s drive west of the restaurant, a Chinese military base is surreptitiously taking shape near the dusty construction site of the China-funded, US$590 million Doraleh Multipurpose Port.Paice, Edward (May 30, 2017). "Djibouti Wins Jackpot – Renting Out Desert for Military Bases". The Cipher Brief. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
  6. ^ Jacobs, Andrew; Perlez, Jane (February 25, 2017). "U.S. Wary of Its New Neighbor in Djibouti: A Chinese Naval Base". The New York Times. Retrieved May 17, 2017.
  7. ^ Chan, Minnie (September 25, 2017). "Live-fire show of force by troops from China's first overseas military base". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on September 26, 2017. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
  8. ^ http://www.china.org.cn/world/Off_the_Wire/2017-06/27/content_41107199.htm
  9. ^ "Fifty ambassadors throw weight behind China on Xinjiang". Global Times. 2019-07-27.
  10. ^ "The Pro-Xinjiang Contingent". Wired. 28 July 2019.